Prime Minister of Turkey

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı  (Turkish)
Seal of Prime Ministry of the Republic of Turkey.svg
Member of Cabinet of Turkey
National Security Council
Residence Çankaya Mansion
Appointer The President
In accordance with voting in the Grand National Assembly
Term length 4 years (same as the term of Grand National Assembly)
Constituting instrument Anayasa
Inaugural holder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Ankara Government)
İsmet İnönü (Republic)
Formation 3 May 1920 (Ankara Government)
1 November 1923 (Republic)
Final holder Binali Yıldırım
Abolished 9 July 2018
Succession President of Turkey (presidential system)
Flag of Turkey.svg
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The Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı) was the head of government of the Republic of Turkey from 1920 to 2018. The prime minister was the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The last holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016.


In the Ottoman Empire, the prime minister of the Ottoman sultan held the title of Grand Vizier (Turkish: Sadrazam). After the Tanzimat period in the 19th century, the grand viziers came to assume a role more like that of the prime ministers of contemporary Western European monarchies. Later, with the Ottoman constitution of 1876, a parliament was established to oversee the prime minister, and the prime minister formed a cabinet. With the amendments to the constitution during the Second Constitutional Era, the prime minister was made answerable to the parliament rather than the sultan. Finally, with the declaration of the republic in 1923, the appointer of the prime minister became the president, instead of the sultan.

List of Prime Ministers

Living former Prime Ministers

Prime Minister Born
Yıldırım Akbulut (1935-11-15) November 15, 1935 (age 82)
Tansu Çiller (1946-05-24) May 24, 1946 (age 72)
Mesut Yılmaz (1947-11-06) November 6, 1947 (age 71)
Abdullah Gül (1949-10-29) October 29, 1949 (age 69)
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (1954-02-26) February 26, 1954 (age 64)
Ahmet Davutoğlu (1959-02-26) February 26, 1959 (age 59)
Binali Yıldırım (1955-12-20) December 20, 1955 (age 62)

Longest track records

Name Number of days Remarks
İsmet İnönü 1 year, 20 days +
12 years, 205 days +
3 years, 93 days = 16 years and 318 days
The first two periods were
in the single-party period;
formed 10 cabinets.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 11 years, 167 days Formed three cabinets.
Süleyman Demirel 5 years, 150 days +
2 years, 82 days +
168 days +
305 days +
1 year, 177 days = 10 years and 152 days
Formed seven cabinets.
Adnan Menderes 10 years, 5 days Formed five cabinets.
Turgut Özal 5 years, 322 days Formed two cabinets.
Bülent Ecevit 296 days +
20 days +
1 year, 311 days +
3 years, 311 days = 5 years and 208 days
Formed five cabinets.


Binali Yıldırım Ahmet Davutoğlu Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Abdullah Gül Bülent Ecevit Mesut Yılmaz Necmettin Erbakan Mesut Yılmaz Tansu Çiller Süleyman Demirel Mesut Yılmaz Yıldırım Akbulut Turgut Özal Bülend Ulusu Turhan Feyzioğlu Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Sadi Irmak Bülent Ecevit Naim Talu Ferit Melen Nihat Erim Süleyman Demirel Suat Hayri Ürgüplü İsmet İnönü Cemal Gürsel Adnan Menderes Şemsettin Günaltay Hasan Saka Recep Peker Şükrü Saracoğlu Refik Saydam Celal Bayar İsmet İnönü Ali Fethi Okyar İsmet İnönü Ali Fethi Okyar Rauf Orbay Fevzi Çakmak Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

See also

External links

  • The Prime Minister's Office
  • Official Turkish Constitution
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