Leaders of South Vietnam

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The Office of the President of Republic of Vietnam in Independence Palace, Saigon, South Vietnam.

This is a list of leaders of South Vietnam, since the establishment of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina in 1946 until the fall of the Republic of Vietnam in 1975, and the reunification of Vietnam in 1976.

Color keys

Colour key
(for political parties)

Heads of state

President of the
Republic of Vietnam
Presidential Standard of South Vietnam (1955-1963).png
Residence Independence Palace, Saigon
Appointer Direct election
Precursor Chief of the State of Vietnam
Formation 26 October 1955
First holder Ngô Đình Diệm
Final holder Dương Văn Minh
Abolished 30 April 1975
Succession Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Provisional Revolutionary Government

Chiefs of the State of Vietnam (1949–1955)

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Affiliation
1 Bao Dai 1953.jpg Bảo Đại
(1912–1997)
13 June 1949 30 April 1955 Independent
Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
30 April 1955 26 October 1955 Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party

Presidents of the First Republic of Vietnam (1955–1963)

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Affiliation
1 Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
26 October 1955 2 November 1963 Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party

Military junta (1963–1967)

Heads of state

During the military junta period, the heads of state of South Vietnam did not always hold real power, the heads of military were de facto leaders of the nation. Sometimes the heads of state and heads of military were held by the same person, for example: Duong Van Minh from 2 November 1963 to 30 January 1964 or Nguyen Khanh from 16 August 1964 to 27 August 1964.

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Affiliation Title
1 Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
2 November 1963 30 January 1964 Military Chief of State and
Chairman of Military Revolutionary Council (until 30 January 1964)
30 January 1964 16 August 1964 Chief of State
2 Nguyễn Khánh 1964.jpg Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
16 August 1964 27 August 1964 Military Chief of State and
Chairman of Military Revolutionary Council
*
Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces.svg Provisional Leadership Committee
(Minh, Khanh and Khiem)
27 August 1964 8 September 1964 Military Provisional Leadership Committee
1 Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
8 September 1964 24 October 1964 Military Chief of State and
Chairman of Provisional Leadership Committee
3 Phan Khắc Sửu
(1893–1970)
24 October 1964 20 December 1964 Independent Chief of State and
Chairman of High National Council (until 20 December 1964)
20 December 1964 14 June 1965 Chief of State
4 Nguyen Van Thieu 1967.jpg Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
(1923–2001)
14 June 1965 3 September 1967 Military Chief of State and
Chairman of National Leadership Committee

Heads of military

During the military junta period, heads of military held the real power in governing the nation. Sometimes head of state and head of military were held by the same person.

Name Military organization Term Military title Head of state at that time
Duong Van Minh Revolutionary Military Council 2 November 1963 – 30 January 1964 Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council himself
Nguyen Khanh Revolutionary Military Council 30 January 1964 – 27 August 1964 Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council Duong Van Minh (30 January 1964 – 16 August 1964)
himself (16 August 1964 – 27 August 1964)
Duong Van Minh
Nguyen Khanh
Tran Thien Khiem
Provisional Leadership Committee (collective leadership) 27 August 1964 – 24 October 1964 Provisional Leadership Committee itself (27 August 1964 – 8 September 1964)
Duong Van Minh (8/9/1964 – 24 October 1964)
Short period of civilian government of the Chief of State Phan Khac Suu (24 October 1964 – 20 December 1964)
Nguyen Khanh Military Council 18 December 1964 – 25 February 1965 Chairman of the Military Council Phan Khac Suu
Nguyen Van Thieu Military Council 25 February 1965 – 14 June 1965 Chairman of the Military Council Phan Khac Suu
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu National Leadership Committee 14 June 1965 – 1 September 1967 Chairman of the National Leadership Committee himself

Presidents of the Second Republic of Vietnam (1967–1975)

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Affiliation
2 Nguyen Van Thieu 1967.jpg Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
(1923–2001)
3 September 1967 21 April 1975 National Social Democratic Front
3 Trần Văn Hương
(1902–1982)
21 April 1975 28 April 1975 Independent
4 Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
28 April 1975 30 April 1975 Military

Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Republic of South Vietnam (1969–1976)

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Affiliation
1 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
8 June 1969 2 July 1976 National Liberation Front

Heads of government

Prime Minister of South Vietnam
Emblem of South Vietnam (1963-1975).svg
Coat of arms
(1963–75)
Residence Gia Long Palace (1946–55)
Appointer Emperor (1949–55)
President (1963–75)
Precursor None
Formation 1 June 1946
26 October 1955
First holder Nguyễn Văn Thinh
Final holder Vũ Văn Mẫu
Abolished 4 November 1963
30 April 1975
Succession Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Government
Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Affiliation
Prime Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina
(1946–1948)
1
Nguyễn Văn Thinh
(1888–1946)
1 June 1946 10 November 1946 Cochinchinese Democratic Party
2
Lê Văn Hoạch
(1896–1978)
29 November 1946 29 September 1947 Independent
3
Nguyễn Văn Xuân
(1892–1989)
8 October 1947 27 May 1948 Military
Prime Ministers of the Provisional Central Government
(1948–1949)
3
Nguyễn Văn Xuân
(1892–1989)
27 May 1948 14 June 1949 Military
Prime Ministers of the State of Vietnam
(1949–1955)
1 Bao Dai 1953.jpg Bảo Đại
(1912–1997)
14 June 1949 21 January 1950 Independent
2
Nguyễn Phan Long
(1889–1960)
21 January 1950 27 April 1950 Constitutional Party
3
Trần Văn Hữu
(1896–1984)
6 May 1950 6 June 1952 Independent
4 Le Président Nguyen Van Tam décore le drapeau de l'école d'E.O.R, boulevard Charner, Saigon, c. 1953.png Nguyễn Văn Tâm
(1893–1990)
6 June 1952 17 December 1953 Nationalist Party
5
Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Lộc
(1914–1990)
11 January 1954 16 June 1954 Independent
6 Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
16 June 1954 26 October 1955 Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Vietnam
(1955–1975)
1
Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ
(1908–1976)
4 November 1963 28 February 1964 Independent
2 Nguyễn Khánh 1964.jpg Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
28 February 1964 27 August 1964 Military
Nguyễn Xuân Oánh
(1921–2003)
29 August 1964 3 September 1964 Independent
2 Nguyễn Khánh 1964.jpg Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
3 September 1964 4 November 1964 Military
3
Trần Văn Hương
(1903–1982)
4 November 1964 27 January 1965 Independent
Nguyễn Xuân Oánh
(1921–2003)
27 January 1965 15 February 1965 Independent
4 Phan Huy Quat.jpg Phan Huy Quát
(1908–1979)
16 February 1965 5 June 1965 Nationalist Party
5 Nguyen Cao Ky 1967.jpg Nguyễn Cao Kỳ
(1930–2011)
14 June 1965 1 September 1967 Military
6
Nguyễn Văn Lộc
(1922–1992)
1 November 1967 17 May 1968 Military
3
Trần Văn Hương
(1903–1982)
28 May 1968 22 August 1969 Independent
3 National Social Democratic Front
7
Trần Thiện Khiêm
(1925–)
22 August 1969 5 April 1975 National Social Democratic Front
8 Nguyen Ba Can (1968).jpg Nguyễn Bá Cẩn
(1930–2009)
5 April 1975 25 April 1975 Democratic Party
9
Vũ Văn Mẫu
(1914–1998)
28 April 1975 30 April 1975 Forces for National Reconciliation
Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Government
(1975–1976)
1 HuynhTanPhat.jpg Huỳnh Tấn Phát
(1913–1989)
8 June 1969 2 July 1976 National Liberation Front

Standards

See also

External links

  • Rulers – Vietnam
  • World Statesmen – South Vietnam
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