Prime Minister of Slovenia

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President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia
Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije
Standard of the Prime Minister of Slovenia.svg
Miroslav Cerar (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Miro Cerar

since 18 September 2014
Member of Government of Slovenia
European Council
Council for National Security
Appointer National Assembly
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Lojze Peterle
Formation 16 May 1990
Coat of arms of Slovenia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Slovenia

There have been eight Prime Ministers of Slovenia, officially President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.

The Prime Minister is nominated by the President after consultation with the parties represented in the National Assembly. He is then formally elected by a simple majority of the National Assembly. If no candidate receives a majority, a new vote must be held within 14 days. If no candidate receives a majority after this round, the President must dissolve the legislature and call new parliamentary elections unless the National Assembly agrees to hold a third round. If no candidate is elected after a third round, then the legislature is automatically dissolved pending new elections.

In practice, since the Prime Minister must command a majority of the National Assembly in order to govern, he or she is usually the leader of the majority party in the National Assembly or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The National Assembly can only withdraw its support from a Prime Minister by way of a constructive vote of no confidence–that is, a motion of no confidence is of no effect unless a prospective successor has the support of a majority. The Prime Minister is also President of the Council for National Security.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovenia

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Parties

Conservatives:   SLS

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party King of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(reign)
Took office Left office Days
1 Josip pogacnik.jpg Jožef Pogačnik (Knight)
(1866–1932)
31 October 1918 20 January 1919 81 Slovene People's Party (SLS)
Peter I
Peter I Karadjordjevic of Serbia.jpg

(1 December 1918–16 August 1921)

Socialist Republic of Slovenia

Parties

  KPS/ZKS   SDP

No. Name
(birth–death)
Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Ministers
1945–1953
1 Boris Kidrič
(1912–1953)
Boris Kidrič (1).jpg 5 May 1945 June 1946 Communist Party of Slovenia
2 Miha Marinko
(1900–1983)
Miha Marinko (2).jpg June 1946 1953 Communist Party of Slovenia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Slovenia
Presidents of the Executive Council
1953–1991
Miha Marinko
(1900–1983)
Miha Marinko (2).jpg 1953 15 December 1953 League of Communists of Slovenia
3 Boris Kraigher
(1914–1967)
Boris Kraigher 1958 (2).jpg 15 December 1953 25 June 1962 League of Communists of Slovenia
4 Viktor Avbelj
(1914–1993)
Viktor Avbelj 1961.jpg 25 June 1962 1965 League of Communists of Slovenia
5 Janko Smole
(1921–2010)
Janko Smole 1965 Crop.jpg 1965 1967 League of Communists of Slovenia
6 Stane Kavčič
(1919–1987)
Stane Kavčič 1968.jpg 1967 27 November 1972 League of Communists of Slovenia
7 Andrej Marinc
(1930–)
Andrej Marinc.jpg 27 November 1972 April 1978 League of Communists of Slovenia
8 Anton Vratuša
(1915–2017)
Anton Vratuša.jpg April 1978 July 1980 League of Communists of Slovenia
9 Janez Zemljarič
(1928–)
Janez Zemljarič (1).jpg July 1980 23 May 1984 League of Communists of Slovenia
10 Dušan Šinigoj
(1933–)
No image.png 23 May 1984 16 May 1990 League of Communists of Slovenia
(10) Party of Democratic Renewal

Republic of Slovenia

Parties

Christian democrats:   SKD   SLS   NSi
Liberals:   LDS   PS   ZaAB   SMC
Conservatives:   SDS
Social democrats:   SD

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Cabinet National Assembly President of the
Republic of Slovenia

(term of office)
Took office Left office Days
1 Lojze Peterle 2006-12-14.jpg Lojze Peterle
(1948–)
16 May 1990 14 May 1992 729 DEMOS
SKDSDZSSDZSLSZS 1 (1990) Milan Kučan
Milan Kucan.jpg

(8 October 1991–22 December 2002)
2 Janez Drnovsek.jpg Janez Drnovšek
(1950–2008)
14 May 1992 25 Jan 1993 2,946 Liberal Democracy of Slovenia
(LDS)
I LDSDSSDSSSSZSZLSD 2 (1992)
25 January 1993 27 February 1997 II LDSSKDSDS (1993–1994)–ZLSD (1993–1996) 2 ( ···· ), 3 (1996)
27 February 1997 7 June 2000 III LDSSLSDeSUS 3 ( ···· )
3 Andrej Bajuk.jpg Andrej Bajuk
(1943–2011)
7 June 2000 4 August 2000 176 Slovenian People's Party (SLS+SKD) SLSSKDSDS 3 ( ···· )
(3) 4 August 2000 30 November 2000 New Slovenia (NSi) 3 ( ···· )
4 Janez Drnovsek.jpg Janez Drnovšek
(1950–2008)
30 November 2000 19 December 2002 749 Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) IV LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD 4 (2000)
5 Anton Rop.jpg Anton Rop
(1960–)
19 December 2002 3 December 2004 715 Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD 4 ( ···· ) Janez Drnovšek
Janez Drnovsek.jpg

(22 December 2002–23 December 2007)
6 Janez Janša 2017.jpg Janez Janša
(1958–)
3 December 2004 21 November 2008 1,449 Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) I SDSNSiSLSDeSUS 5 (2004)
7 Borut Pahor 2010.jpg Borut Pahor
(1963–)
21 November 2008 10 February 2012 1,176 Social Democrats (SD) SDDeSUS (2008–2011)–LDSZares (2008–2011) 6 (2008) Danilo Türk
Danilo Türk 2011.jpg

(23 December 2007–22 December 2012)
8 Janez Janša 2017.jpg Janez Janša
(1958–)
10 Feb 2012 20 Mar 2013 404 Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) II SDSNSiSLSDeSUSDL 7 (2011)
9 143. seja vlade 05 cropped.jpg Alenka Bratušek
(1970–)
20 March 2013 31 May 2014 547 Positive Slovenia (PS) PSDeSUSDLSDZaAB 7 ( ···· ) Borut Pahor
Borut Pahor 2010.jpg

(22 December 2012–)
(9) 31 May 2014 18 September 2014 Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB) 7 ( ···· )
10 Miroslav Cerar (cropped).jpg Miro Cerar
(1963–)
18 Sep 2014 present 1,397 Modern Centre Party (SMC) SMCDeSUSSD 8 (2014)

Timeline

Miro Cerar Alenka Bratušek Borut Pahor Janez Janša Anton Rop Andrej Bajuk Janez Drnovšek Lojze Peterle Dušan Šinigoj Janez Zemljarič Anton Vratuša Andrej Marinc Stane Kavčič Janko Smole Viktor Avbelj Boris Kraigher Miha Marinko Boris Kidrič

Statistics

No. Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Peterle, AlojzAlojz Peterle 5 July 1948(5 July 1948) 41 years, 315 days 1 year, 364 days 43 years, 314 days Living 70 years, 11 days (living)
2 Drnovšek, JanezJanez Drnovšek 17 May 1950(17 May 1950) 41 years, 363 days 10 years, 45 days 52 years, 216 days 23 February 2008 57 years, 282 days
3 Bajuk, AndrejAndrej Bajuk October 18, 1943(18 October 1943) 56 years, 233 days 176 days 57 years, 43 days 16 August 2011 67 years, 302 days
4 Rop, AntonAnton Rop 27 December 1960(27 December 1960) 41 years, 357 days 1 year, 350 days 43 years, 342 days Living 57 years, 201 days (living)
5 Janša, JanezJanez Janša 17 September 1958(17 September 1958) 46 years, 77 days 5 years, 28 days 54 years, 184 days Living 59 years, 302 days (living)
6 Pahor, BorutBorut Pahor 2 November 1963(2 November 1963) 45 years, 19 days 3 years, 81 days 48 years, 100 days Living 54 years, 256 days (living)
7 Bratušek, AlenkaAlenka Bratušek 31 March 1970(31 March 1970) 42 years, 354 days 1 year, 182 days 44 years, 171 days Living 48 years, 107 days (living)
8 Cerar Jr., MiroslavMiroslav Cerar Jr. 25 August 1963(25 August 1963) 51 years, 24 days 3 years, 301 days (ongoing) Incumbent Living 54 years, 325 days (living)

See also

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