List of Prime Ministers of Nepal

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Prime Minister of Nepal
नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री
Emblem of Nepal.svg
Sher bahadur.jpg
Incumbent
Sher Bahadur Deuba

since 7 June 2017
Residence Singha Durbar, Kathmandu
Appointer Bidhya Devi Bhandari
as President of Nepal
Inaugural holder Damodar Pande (Mul-Kaji)
Formation 1799 (Mul-Kaji)
Emblem of Nepal.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nepal

The position of Prime Minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री, Nēpālkō Pradhānmantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. At the time of the Shah dynasty, the Mul-Kajis served the function of Prime Ministers. In 1806, the position of Mukhtiyar was created by Rana Bahadur Shah, and the title was subsequently adopted. "Mukhtiyar" is formed from two words: 'Mukhya' and 'Akhtiyar'. Mukhya means Chief and Akhtiyar means Authority. Altogether it means the "Executive Head of the State". During the Rana dynasty, the position of Prime Minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal.

Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa was the first person to be referred to as Prime Minister by the British. However, the first Mukhtiyar to title himself as Prime Minister, as per the British convention, was Bhimsen's nephew, Mathabar Singh Thapa.

Few of Nepalese Prime Ministers have carried a democratic mandate. The first elected Prime Minister was Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, in 1959. After he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960, the King established the Panchayat system and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990, when the country became a constitutional monarchy after the Jana Andolan movement. The monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly.

The current Prime Minister is Sher Bahadur Deuba, since 7 June, 2017.

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Nepal (1799–2008)

Prime Ministers during the Absolute monarchy (1799–1990)

Mul-Kajis during the Shah expansion era (1799–1806)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Damodar Pande.jpg Damodar Pande
(1752–1804)
1799 1804 Nonpartisan

Muktiyars during the Thapa/Pande era (1806–1846)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Rana Bahadur Shah.jpg Rana Bahadur Shah
(1775–1806)
26 February 1806 26 April 1806 Nonpartisan
2 Bhimsen Thapa.jpg Bhimsen Thapa
(1775–1839)
1806 1837 Nonpartisan
3 Rana Jang Pande.jpg Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
1st time
1837 1837 Nonpartisan
4 Portrait of Rangnath Paudel.jpg Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–?)
1st time
1837 1838 Nonpartisan
5 Pushkar Shah.jpg Chautariya Puskhar Shah
(1784–1846)
1838 1839 Nonpartisan
(3) Rana Jang Pande.jpg Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
2nd time
1839 1840 Nonpartisan
(4) Portrait of Rangnath Paudel.jpg Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–?)
2nd time
1840 1840 Nonpartisan
6 No image.png Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
1st time
November 1840 January 1843 Nonpartisan
7 Mathabarsingh Thapa.jpg Mathabar Singh Thapa
(1798–1845)
28 November 1843 17 May 1845 Nonpartisan
(6) No image.png Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
2nd time
September 1845 14 September 1846 Nonpartisan

Prime Ministers during the Rana era (1846–1951)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
8 JungBahadur-gr.jpg Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
1st time
15 September 1846 1 August 1856 Nonpartisan
9 No image.png Bam Bahadur Kunwar
(1818–1857)
1 August 1856 25 May 1857 Nonpartisan
No image.png Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana
(1823–1863)
Acting Prime Minister
25 May 1857 28 June 1857 Nonpartisan
(8) JungBahadur-gr.jpg Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
2nd time
28 June 1857 25 February 1877 Nonpartisan
10 Ranaudip Singh Bahadur Rana.jpg Ranodip Singh Kunwar
(1825–1885)
27 February 1877 22 November 1885 Nonpartisan
11 Bir Shumsher.jpg Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1852–1901)
22 November 1885 5 March 1901 Nonpartisan
12 Dev Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Dev Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1862–1914)
5 March 1901 27 June 1901 Nonpartisan
13 Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Chandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1863–1929)
27 June 1901 26 November 1929 Nonpartisan
14 Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Bhim Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1865–1932)
26 November 1929 1 September 1932 Nonpartisan
15 Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Juddha Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1875–1952)
1 September 1932 29 November 1945 Nonpartisan
16 Padma Shumsher.jpg Padma Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1882–1961)
29 November 1945 30 April 1948 Nonpartisan
17 Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1885–1967)
30 April 1948 12 November 1951 Nonpartisan

Prime Ministers during the Transition era (1951–1960)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
18 Matrika Prasad Koirala.jpg Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
1st time
16 November 1951 14 August 1952 Nepali Congress
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
(1906–1955)
14 August 1952 15 June 1953
(18) Matrika Prasad Koirala.jpg Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
2nd time
15 June 1953 14 April 1955 Rastriya Praja Party
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
14 April 1955 27 January 1956
19 No image.png Tanka Prasad Acharya
(1912–1992)
27 January 1956 26 July 1957 Nepal Praja Parishad
20 No image.png Kunwar Inderjit Singh
(1906–1982)
26 July 1957 15 May 1958 United Democratic Party
21 Subarna Samsher Rana.jpg Subarna Shamsher Rana
(1910–1977)
15 May 1958 27 May 1959 Nepali Congress
22 BP. Koirala.png Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala
(1914–1982)
27 May 1959 26 December 1960 Nepali Congress

Prime Ministers during the Panchayat era (1960–1990)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
26 December 1960 2 April 1963
23 No image.png Tulsi Giri
(1926–)
1st time
2 April 1963 23 December 1963 Nonpartisan
24 Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
1st time
23 December 1963 26 February 1964 Nonpartisan
(23) No image.png Tulsi Giri
(1926–)
2nd time
26 February 1964 26 January 1965 Nonpartisan
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
2nd time
26 January 1965 7 April 1969 Nonpartisan
25 No image.png Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–)
1st time
7 April 1969 13 April 1970 Nonpartisan
Gahendra Bahadur Rajbhandari.jpg Gehendra Bahadur Rajbhandari
(1923–1994)
Acting Prime Minister
13 April 1970 14 April 1971 Nonpartisan
(25) No image.png Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–)
2nd time
14 April 1971 16 July 1973 Nonpartisan
26 No image.png Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
1st time
16 July 1973 1 December 1975 Nonpartisan
(23) No image.png Tulsi Giri
(1926–)
3rd time
1 December 1975 12 September 1977 Nonpartisan
(25) No image.png Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–)
3rd time
12 September 1977 30 May 1979 Nonpartisan
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
3rd time
30 May 1979 12 July 1983 Nonpartisan
27 No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
1st time
12 July 1983 21 March 1986 Nonpartisan
(26) No image.png Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
2nd time
21 March 1986 15 June 1986 Nonpartisan
28 No image.png Marich Man Singh Shrestha
(1942–2013)
15 June 1986 6 April 1990 Nonpartisan
(27) No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
2nd time
6 April 1990 19 April 1990 Nonpartisan

Prime Ministers during the Constitutional monarchy (1990–2008)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
29 Krishna bhattarai.jpg Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
1st time
19 April 1990 26 May 1991 402 Nepali Congress
30 Girija P koirala.jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
1st time
26 May 1991 30 November 1994 1284 Nepali Congress
31 No image.png Man Mohan Adhikari
(1920–1999)
30 November 1994 12 September 1995 286 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
32 Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
1st time
12 September 1995 12 March 1997 547 Nepali Congress
(27) No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
3rd time
12 March 1997 7 October 1997 209 Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Chand)
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
4th time
7 October 1997 15 April 1998 190 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(30) Girija P koirala.jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
2nd time
15 April 1998 31 May 1999 411 Nepali Congress
(29) Krishna bhattarai.jpg Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
2nd time
31 May 1999 22 March 2000 296 Nepali Congress
(30) Girija P koirala.jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
3rd time
22 March 2000 26 July 2001 491 Nepali Congress
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
2nd time
26 July 2001 4 October 2002 435 Nepali Congress
Gyanendra 01.jpg Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1947–)
4 October 2002 11 October 2002 7
(27) No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
4th time
11 October 2002 5 June 2003 237 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
5th time
5 June 2003 3 June 2004 364 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
3rd time
3 June 2004 1 February 2005 243 Nepali Congress (Democratic)
Gyanendra 01.jpg Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1947–)
1 February 2005 25 April 2006 448
(30) Girija P koirala.jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
4th time
25 April 2006 28 May 2008 764 Nepali Congress

Prime Ministers of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (2008–present)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
(30) Girija P koirala.jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
5th time
28 May 2008 18 August 2008 83 Nepali Congress
33 Prachanda 2009.jpg Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(1954–)
1st time
18 August 2008 25 May 2009 280 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
34 Madhav Kumar Nepal2.JPG Madhav Kumar Nepal
(1953–)
25 May 2009 6 February 2011 622 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
35 J.n (2).jpg Jhala Nath Khanal
(1950–)
6 February 2011 29 August 2011 204 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
36 Baburam Bhattarai.jpg Baburam Bhattarai
(1954–)
29 August 2011 14 March 2013 563 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
Khilaraj regmi.jpg Khil Raj Regmi
(1949–)
Acting Prime Minister
14 March 2013 11 February 2014 334 Nonpartisan
37 Sushil Koirala.jpg Sushil Koirala
(1939–2016)
11 February 2014 12 October 2015 608 Nepali Congress
38 KP Oli.jpg Khadga Prasad Oli
(1952–)
12 October 2015 4 August 2016 297 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
(33) Prachanda 2009.jpg Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(1954–)
2nd time
4 August 2016[1][2] 31 May 2017 300 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
4th time
7 June 2017[3] Incumbent 16 Nepali Congress

External Links

  • Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers

References

  1. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/pushpa-kamal-dahal-prachanda-sworn-in-as-new-nepal-pm/story-fxTybu9KE84daJKaxW03lI.html
  2. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/pushpa-kamal-dahal-prachanda-sworn-in-as-new-nepal-pm/story-fxTybu9KE84daJKaxW03lI.html
  3. ^ https://thehimalayantimes.com/nepal/prime-minister-sher-bahadur-deuba-sworns-in/

See also

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