List of Prime Ministers of Nepal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Prime Minister of Nepal)
Prime Minister of Nepal
नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री
Emblem of Nepal.svg
Sher bahadur.jpg
Incumbent
Sher Bahadur Deuba

since 7 June 2017
Residence Singha Durbar, Kathmandu
Appointer Bidhya Devi Bhandari
as President of Nepal
Inaugural holder Damodar Pande (Mul-Kaji)
Formation 1799 (Mul-Kaji)
Emblem of Nepal.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nepal

The position of Prime Minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री, Nēpālkō Pradhānmantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. At the time of the Shah dynasty, the Mul-Kajis served the function of Prime Ministers. In 1806, the position of Mukhtiyar was created by Rana Bahadur Shah, and the title was subsequently adopted. "Mukhtiyar" is formed from two words: 'Mukhya' and 'Akhtiyar'. Mukhya means Chief and Akhtiyar means Authority. Altogether it means the "Executive Head of the State". During the Rana dynasty, the position of Prime Minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal.

Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa was the first person to be referred to as Prime Minister by the British. However, the first Mukhtiyar to title himself as Prime Minister, as per the British convention, was Bhimsen's nephew, Mathabar Singh Thapa.

Few of Nepalese Prime Ministers have carried a democratic mandate. The first elected Prime Minister was Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, in 1959. After he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960, the King established the Panchayat system and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990, when the country became a constitutional monarchy after the Jana Andolan movement. The monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly.

The current Prime Minister is Sher Bahadur Deuba, since 7 June 2017.

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Nepal (1799–2008)

Prime Ministers during the Absolute monarchy (1799–1990)

Mul-Kajis during the Shah expansion era (1799–1806)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Damodar Pande.jpg Damodar Pande
(1752–1804)
1799 1804 Independent

Muktiyars during the Thapa/Pande era (1806–1846)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Rana Bahadur Shah.jpg Rana Bahadur Shah
(1775–1806)
26 February 1806 26 April 1806 Independent
2 Bhimsen Thapa.jpg Bhimsen Thapa
(1775–1839)
1806 1837 Independent
3 Rana Jang Pande.jpg Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
1st time
1837 1837 Independent
4 Ranganath Paudyal.jpg Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–?)
1st time
1837 1838 Independent
5 Puskar Shah.jpg Chautariya Puskhar Shah
(1784–1846)
1838 1839 Independent
(3) Rana Jang Pande.jpg Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
2nd time
1839 1840 Independent
(4) Ranganath Paudyal.jpg Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–?)
2nd time
1840 1840 Independent
6 Fatteh Jang Shah.jpg Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
1st time
November 1840 January 1843 Independent
7 Mathabarsingh Thapa.jpg Mathabar Singh Thapa
(1798–1845)
28 November 1843 17 May 1845 Independent
(6) Fatteh Jang Shah.jpg Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
2nd time
September 1845 14 September 1846 Independent

Prime Ministers during the Rana era (1846–1951)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
8 JungBahadur-gr.jpg Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
1st time
15 September 1846 1 August 1856 Independent
9 Bam Bahadur Kunwar.jpg Bam Bahadur Kunwar
(1818–1857)
1 August 1856 25 May 1857 Independent
No image.png Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana
(1823–1863)
Acting Prime Minister
25 May 1857 28 June 1857 Independent
(8) JungBahadur-gr.jpg Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
2nd time
28 June 1857 25 February 1877 Independent
10 Ranaudip Singh Bahadur Rana.jpg Ranodip Singh Kunwar
(1825–1885)
27 February 1877 22 November 1885 Independent
11 Bir Shumsher.jpg Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1852–1901)
22 November 1885 5 March 1901 Independent
12 Dev Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Dev Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1862–1914)
5 March 1901 27 June 1901 Independent
13 Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Chandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1863–1929)
27 June 1901 26 November 1929 Independent
14 Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Bhim Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1865–1932)
26 November 1929 1 September 1932 Independent
15 Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Juddha Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1875–1952)
1 September 1932 29 November 1945 Independent
16 Padma Shumsher.jpg Padma Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1882–1961)
29 November 1945 30 April 1948 Independent
17 Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1885–1967)
30 April 1948 12 November 1951 Independent

Prime Ministers during the Transition era (1951–1960)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
18 Matrika Prasad Koirala2.jpg Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
1st time
16 November 1951 14 August 1952 Nepali Congress
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
(1906–1955)
14 August 1952 15 June 1953
(18) Matrika Prasad Koirala2.jpg Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
2nd time
15 June 1953 14 April 1955 Rastriya Praja Party
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
14 April 1955 27 January 1956
19 Tanka Prasad Acharya (cropped).jpg Tanka Prasad Acharya
(1912–1992)
27 January 1956 26 July 1957 Nepal Praja Parishad
20 No image.png Kunwar Inderjit Singh
(1906–1982)
26 July 1957 15 May 1958 United Democratic Party
21 Subarna Samsher Rana.jpg Subarna Shamsher Rana
(1910–1977)
15 May 1958 27 May 1959 Nepali Congress
22 BP. Koirala.png Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala
(1914–1982)
27 May 1959 26 December 1960 Nepali Congress

Prime Ministers during the Panchayat era (1960–1990)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
26 December 1960 2 April 1963
23 No image.png Tulsi Giri
(1926–)
1st time
2 April 1963 23 December 1963 Independent
24 Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
1st time
23 December 1963 26 February 1964 Independent
(23) No image.png Tulsi Giri
(1926–)
2nd time
26 February 1964 26 January 1965 Independent
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
2nd time
26 January 1965 7 April 1969 Independent
25 No image.png Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–)
1st time
7 April 1969 13 April 1970 Independent
Gahendra Bahadur Rajbhandari.jpg Gehendra Bahadur Rajbhandari
(1923–1994)
Acting Prime Minister
13 April 1970 14 April 1971 Independent
(25) No image.png Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–)
2nd time
14 April 1971 16 July 1973 Independent
26 No image.png Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
1st time
16 July 1973 1 December 1975 Independent
(23) No image.png Tulsi Giri
(1926–)
3rd time
1 December 1975 12 September 1977 Independent
(25) No image.png Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–)
3rd time
12 September 1977 30 May 1979 Independent
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
3rd time
30 May 1979 12 July 1983 Independent
27 No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
1st time
12 July 1983 21 March 1986 Independent
(26) No image.png Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
2nd time
21 March 1986 15 June 1986 Independent
28 No image.png Marich Man Singh Shrestha
(1942–2013)
15 June 1986 6 April 1990 Independent
(27) No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
2nd time
6 April 1990 19 April 1990 Independent

Prime Ministers during the Constitutional monarchy (1990–2008)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
29 Krishna bhattarai.jpg Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
1st time
19 April 1990 26 May 1991 402 Nepali Congress
30 Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
1st time
26 May 1991 30 November 1994 1284 Nepali Congress
31 No image.png Man Mohan Adhikari
(1920–1999)
30 November 1994 12 September 1995 286 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
32 Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
1st time
12 September 1995 12 March 1997 547 Nepali Congress
(27) No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
3rd time
12 March 1997 7 October 1997 209 Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Chand)
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
4th time
7 October 1997 15 April 1998 190 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
2nd time
15 April 1998 31 May 1999 411 Nepali Congress
(29) Krishna bhattarai.jpg Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
2nd time
31 May 1999 22 March 2000 296 Nepali Congress
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
3rd time
22 March 2000 26 July 2001 491 Nepali Congress
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
2nd time
26 July 2001 4 October 2002 435 Nepali Congress
Gyanendra 01.jpg Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1947–)
4 October 2002 11 October 2002 7
(27) No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
4th time
11 October 2002 5 June 2003 237 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(24) Surya bahadur.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
5th time
5 June 2003 3 June 2004 364 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
3rd time
3 June 2004 1 February 2005 243 Nepali Congress (Democratic)
Gyanendra 01.jpg Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1947–)
1 February 2005 25 April 2006 448
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
4th time
25 April 2006 28 May 2008 764 Nepali Congress

Prime Ministers of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (2008–present)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1925–2010)
5th time
28 May 2008 18 August 2008 83 Nepali Congress
33 Prachanda 2009.jpg Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(1954–)
1st time
18 August 2008 25 May 2009 280 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
34 Madhav Kumar Nepal 2009-09-23.jpg Madhav Kumar Nepal
(1953–)
25 May 2009 6 February 2011 622 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
35 Jhala Nath Khanal 2011-03-20.jpg Jhala Nath Khanal
(1950–)
6 February 2011 29 August 2011 204 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
36 Baburam Bhattarai (cropped).jpg Baburam Bhattarai
(1954–)
29 August 2011 14 March 2013 563 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
Khil Raj Regmi (cropped).jpg Khil Raj Regmi
(1949–)
Acting Prime Minister
14 March 2013 11 February 2014 334 Independent
37 Sushil Koirala 2010-04-15.jpg Sushil Koirala
(1939–2016)
11 February 2014 12 October 2015 608 Nepali Congress
38 KP Oli.jpg Khadga Prasad Oli
(1952–)
12 October 2015 4 August 2016 297 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
(33) Prachanda 2009.jpg Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(1954–)
2nd time
4 August 2016[1][2] 31 May 2017 300 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
4th time
7 June 2017[3] Incumbent 138 Nepali Congress

External Links

  • Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers

References

  1. ^ "Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda sworn in as new Nepal PM". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  External link in |work= (help)
  2. ^ "Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda sworn in as new Nepal PM". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  External link in |work= (help)
  3. ^ "You are being redirected...". thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 

See also

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_Nepal&oldid=805993920"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_Nepal
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "List of Prime Ministers of Nepal"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA