President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom

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President of the Supreme Court
(Supreme Court of the United Kingdom)
Baroness Brenda Hale.jpg
Incumbent
Lady Hale

since 2 October 2017
Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
Style The Right Honourable
My Lord/Lady
(when addressed in court)
Status Head of a court
Chief judge
Seat Middlesex Guildhall, London
Appointer The Monarch on the recommendation and advice of the Prime Minister
Constituting instrument Constitutional Reform Act 2005, Part 3, Section 23(5)[1]
Precursor Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
Formation 1 October 2009
First holder Lord Reid
as Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
Lord Phillips
as President of the Supreme Court (1 October 2009)
Deputy Deputy President of the Supreme Court
Website https://www.supremecourt.uk/
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The President of the Supreme Court is the president of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.

The office is equivalent to the now-defunct position of Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, also known as the Senior Law Lord, who was the highest ranking among the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary (the judges who exercised the judicial functions of the House of Lords).

The current President is Lady Hale.

History

From 1900 to 1969, when the Lord Chancellor was not present, a former Lord Chancellor would preside at judicial sittings of the House of Lords. If no former Lord Chancellor was present, the most senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary present would preside, seniority being determined by rank in the peerage. In the years following World War II, it became less common for Lord Chancellors to have time to gain judicial experience in office, making it anomalous for former holders of the office to take precedence. As a result, on 22 May 1969, the rules were changed such that if the Lord Chancellor was not present (as was normally the case) the most senior Law Lord, by appointment as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary rather than peerage, would preside.[2] In 1984, the system was amended to provide that judges be appointed Senior and Second Senior Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, rather than taking the roles by seniority. The purpose of the change was to allow an ailing Lord Diplock to step aside from presiding, yet remain a Law Lord.[3]

On 1 October 2009 the judicial functions of the House of Lords were transferred to the new Supreme Court under the provisions of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. The Senior Law Lord, Lord Phillips, and the Second Senior Law Lord became President and Deputy President of the new court. The same day, the Queen by warrant established a place for the President of the Supreme Court in the order of precedence immediately after the Lord Speaker (the Speaker of the House of Lords).

List of Senior Lords of Appeal in Ordinary

List of Presidents of the Supreme Court

Image Name Born Alma mater Presidency started Presidency ended Prior senior judicial roles
Official portrait of Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers crop 2.jpg Lord Phillips 21 January 1938
(age 80)
King's College, Cambridge 02009-10-01-031 October 2009 02009-10-01-0330 September 2012 Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (2008–2009)
Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (2005–2008)
Master of the Rolls (2000–2005)
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (1999–2000)
Lord David Neuberger Royal Society (cropped).jpg Lord Neuberger 10 January 1948
(age 70)
Christ Church, Oxford 02009-10-01-031 October 2012 02009-10-01-034 September 2017 Master of the Rolls (2009–2012)
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (2007–2009)
Lord Justice of Appeal (2004–2007)
Baroness Brenda Hale.jpg Lady Hale 31 January 1945
(age 73)
Girton College, Cambridge 02009-10-01-035 September 2017 Incumbent Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (2004–2009)
Lord Justice of Appeal (1999–2003)
Justice of the High Court, FD (1994–1999)

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4), Part 3, Section 23". The National Archives (United Kingdom). 24 March 2005. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  2. ^ House of Lords Debates 22 May 1969 c 468–71.
  3. ^ a b House of Lords Debates 27 June 1984 c 914–18
  4. ^ a b c "Obituary: Lord Keith of Kinkel". The Scotsman. 28 June 2002. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  5. ^ a b "No. 54543". The London Gazette. 4 October 2011. p. 13211.
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