President of Turkey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
President of the Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı
Emblem of the President of Turkey.svg
Presidential Standard of Turkey.svg
Presidential Standard
Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg
Incumbent
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

since 28 August 2014
Residence Presidential Complex
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Formation October 29, 1923
Website http://www.tccb.gov.tr/pages/
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan during a meeting, with the presidential seal and Turkish flag
Flag of Turkey.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

The President of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı) is the head of state of the Republic of Turkey. In this capacity, the President represents the Republic of Turkey, and the unity of the Turkish nation, as well as ensuring the implementation of the Constitution of Turkey and the organized and harmonious functioning of the organs of state. The articles from 101 to 106 of the Constitution establish all the requirements, election, duties, and responsibilities for the office of the President. The office of the President of Turkey was established with the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. The President of Turkey is often informally referred to as the Cumhurbaşkanı, meaning 'President of the People'.[1][2] The current office-holder is the 12th President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan since August 28, 2014.

For most of the time since 1950, the Presidency has been mostly a ceremonial office. However, in a 2017 referendum, the Turkish people narrowly voted to make the presidency an executive post, effective with the 2019 presidential election.

Living former Presidents

President (Cumhurbaşkanı) Term of Office Date of Birth
Ahmet Necdet Sezer 2000–2007 (1941-09-13) September 13, 1941 (age 75)
Abdullah Gül 2007–2014 (1949-10-29) October 29, 1949 (age 67)

Qualifications

In order to become the President of Turkey, the candidate must have completed higher education, and be at least forty years of age. If they are a member of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, they must resign their seat.

Turkish presidents were in the past required to sever all relations, if any, with their political party.[3]

Election

The election of the President must begin at least 30 days before the term of office of the incumbent president expires or 10 days after the presidency falls vacant, and must be completed within 30 days of the beginning of the election. Candidates must be declared to the bureau of the parliament within the first 10 days of this period, and elections must be completed within the remaining 20 days.

Formerly, the President was elected by the members of the Turkish Parliament. According to an amendment that was drafted in 2007, the future Presidents shall be elected by the citizens through a public vote. The candidates must be over forty years old and must have completed their higher education. They can either be members of the Turkish Parliament, or common Turkish citizens who fulfill these requirements and who are eligible to become members of parliament.

Term of office

The President is selected for a term of office of five years, and can be re-elected only once.

The term of office of the incumbent president continues until the President-elect takes office.

On assuming office, the president takes the following oath before the parliament:

In my capacity as President of the Republic, I swear upon my honor and repute before the great Turkish nation and before history to safeguard the existence and independence of the state, the indivisible integrity of country and nation, and the sovereignty of the nation without restriction or stipulation; to abide by the Constitution, the rule of law, democracy, the principles and reforms of Atatürk, and the principle of a secular republic; not to deviate from the ideal of all enjoying human rights and basic freedoms in peace, prosperity and in a spirit of national solidarity and justice; to preserve and enhance the glory and honor of the Republic of Turkey and to work with all my strength to perform with impartiality the functions that I have assumed.

[citation needed]

Duties and responsibilities

Legislative functions

  • to deliver, if he deems it necessary, the opening address of the parliament on the first day of the legislative year,
  • to summon the parliament to meet, when necessary,
  • to promulgate laws,
  • to return laws to the parliament to be reconsidered,
  • to submit to referendum, if he deems it necessary, legislation regarding amendment of the constitution,
  • to appeal to the Constitutional Court for the annulment of certain provisions or the entirety of laws, decrees having the force of law, and the Rules of Procedure of the parliament on the grounds that they are unconstitutional in form or in content,
  • to call new elections for the parliament and presidency
  • to deliver budget to TBMM Budget Commission

Executive functions

  • to appoint and dismiss ministers
  • to appoint vice president
  • to accredit representatives of the Turkish State to foreign states, and to receive the representatives of foreign states appointed to the Republic of Turkey,
  • to ratify and promulgate international treaties,
  • to represent the Supreme Military Command of the Turkish Armed Forces on behalf of the Turkish Grand National Assembly,
  • to decide on the mobilization of the Turkish Armed Forces,
  • to appoint the Chief of the General Staff,
  • to call the National Security Council to meet,
  • to preside over the National Security Council,
  • to proclaim martial law or state of emergency,and send to TBMM to get parliamentary approval,in state of emergency every decree president issues will need parliamentary approval
  • to sign executive decrees,
  • to appoint the members and the chairman of the State Supervisory Council,
  • to instruct the State Supervisory Council to carry out inquiries, investigations and inspections,

Judiciary functions

  • to appoint the members of the Constitutional Court, one-fourth of the members of the Council of State, the Chief Public Prosecutor and the Deputy Chief Public Prosecutor of the Higher Court of Appeals, the members of the Military High Court of Appeals, the members of the Supreme Military Administrative Court and the members of the Supreme Council of Judges and Public Prosecutors.

The president performs also the duties of selection and appointment, and other duties conferred by the constitution and laws.

Accountability and non-accountability

All presidential decrees, except those which the president is empowered to enact on his own, must be signed by the prime minister and the minister concerned, in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and other laws. Thus the prime minister and the concerned ministers are accountable for these decrees. The decisions and orders signed by the president on his own initiatives may not be appealed against to any judicial authority, including the Constitutional Court. The president may be impeached for high treason on the proposal of at least one-third of the total number of the members of the parliament, and by the decision of at least three-fourths of the total number of the members.

Acting President

The official Seal of the Presidency, used on documents.

In the event of a temporary absence of the President on account of illness, travel abroad or similar circumstances, the Vice President (or TBMM Speaker until 2019) serves as Acting President, and exercises the powers of the President until the new election happens in 45 days.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.nedirnedemek.com/reisicumhur-nedir-reisicumhur-ne-demek
  2. ^ http://www.tdk.gov.tr/index.php?option=com_gts&arama=gts&kelime=cumhurbaşkanı&guid=TDK.GTS.511fbdf0949d06.48464753
  3. ^ Shaheen, Kareem (2017-05-02). "Erdoğan rejoins Turkey's ruling party in wake of referendum on new powers". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-03. 

External links

  • President's website
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_Turkey&oldid=787337260"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_Turkey
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "President of Turkey"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA