List of leaders of South Yemen

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Leader of South Yemen
Coat of arms of South Yemen (1970-1990).svg
Appointer General Command, Politburo, Central Committee or any party apparatus
Formation 30 November 1967
21 May 1994
First holder Qahtan Muhammad al-Shaabi
(as President)
Final holder Ali Salem al Beidh
(as General Secretary & President)
Abolished 22 May 22 1990
7 July 1994

The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (commonly referred to as South Yemen) became independent as the People's Republic of South Yemen in November 1967, after the British withdrawal from the Federation of South Arabia and the Protectorate of South Arabia. In May 1990, South Yemen unified with the Yemen Arab Republic (commonly referred to as North Yemen) to form the united Republic of Yemen. During the May–July 1994 Civil War, South Yemen seceded from the united Yemen and established the short-lived Democratic Republic of Yemen.

Heads of Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term start Term end Political Party
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Yemeni Socialist Party
1 Fatah.jpg Abdul Fattah Ismail
عبد الفتاح إسماعيل علي الجوفي

(1939–1986)

21 December 1978 21 April 1980 [I]
2 Ali Nasir Muhammad as Prime-Minister of PDRY in East Berlin, 1978.png Ali Nasir Muhammad
علي ناصر محمد الحسني

(1939–)

21 April 1980 24 January 1986 [II]
3 Ali Salem (cropped).jpg Ali Salem al Beidh
علي سالم البيض

(1939–)

24 January 1986 7 July 1994 [III]

Heads of State

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term start Term end Political Party Notes
President of the People's Republic of South Yemen
1 Qahtan Shaabi.jpg Qahtan Muhammad al-Shaabi
قحطان محمد الشعبي

(1920–1981)[1]

30 November 1967
[1]
22 June 1969
[1]
National Liberation Front
[2]
[I]
Chairmen of the Presidential Council
2 Salim Rubayya Ali (cropped).JPG Salim Rubai Ali
سالم ربيع علي "سالمين

(1935–1978)[3]

23 June 1969 26 June 1978 National Liberation Front
[2]
[II]
3 Ali Nasir Muhammad as Prime-Minister of PDRY in East Berlin, 1978.png Ali Nasir Muhammad
علي ناصر محمد الحسني

(1939–)[4]

26 June 1978 21 December 1978 National Liberation Front
[2]
[III]
(3) 21 December 1978 27 December 1978 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Council
4 Fatah.jpg Abdul Fattah Ismail
عبد الفتاح إسماعيل علي الجوفي

(1939–1986)[4]

27 December 1978 21 April 1980 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[IV]
(3) Ali Nasir Muhammad as Prime-Minister of PDRY in East Berlin, 1978.png Ali Nasir Muhammad
علي ناصر محمد الحسني

(1939–)[6]

21 April 1980 24 January 1986 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[III]
5 No image.png Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
حيدر أبو بكر العطاس

(1939–)

24 January 1986 22 May 1990 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[V]
Yemen Unification (22 May 1990 – 21 May 1994)
President of the Democratic Republic of Yemen
6 Ali Salem (cropped).jpg Ali Salem al Beidh
علي سالم البيض

(1939–)
(in rebellion.)

21 May 1994 7 July 1994 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[VI]
Yemen Unification (7 July 1994 – 11 May 2017)
President of the Southern Transitional Council
No image.png Aidarus al-Zoubaidi
(1967–)
(in rebellion.)
11 May 2017 Incumbent Southern Movement

Heads of Government

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term start Term end Political Party Notes
Prime Ministers of the People's Republic of South Yemen
1 Faysal Shaabi.jpg Faysal al-Shaabi
فيصل عبد الطيف الشعبي

(?–1971)

6 April 1969 22 June 1969 National Liberation Front
[2]
[I]
2 No image.png Muhammad Ali Haitham
محمد علي هيثم

(1940–1993)[3]

23 June 1969 See below National Liberation Front
[2]
[II]
Prime Ministers of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
(2) No image.png Muhammad Ali Haitham
محمد علي هيثم

(1940–1993)[3]

See above 2 August 1971
[3]
National Liberation Front
[2]
[II]
3 Ali Nasir Muhammad as Prime-Minister of PDRY in East Berlin, 1978.png Ali Nasir Muhammad
علي ناصر محمد الحسني

(1939–)[7]

2 August 1971 21 December 1978 National Liberation Front
[2]
[III]
(3) 21 December 1978 14 February 1985
[7]
Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
4 No image.png Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
حيدر أبو بكر العطاس

(1939–)[7]

14 February 1985
[7]
8 February 1986 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[III]
5 No image.png Yasin Said Numan
ياسين سعيد نعمان

(1948–)

8 February 1986 22 May 1990 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[IV]
Yemen Unification (22 May 1990 – 21 May 1994)
Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Yemen
6 No image.png Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
حيدر أبو بكر العطاس

(1939–)
(in rebellion.)

21 May 1994 7 July 1994 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[III]

Heads of Parliament

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term start Term end Political Party Notes
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Council
1 Fatah.jpg Abdul Fattah Ismail
عبد الفتاح إسماعيل علي الجوفي

(1939–1986)[4]

1970 21 December 1978 National Liberation Front
[2]
[IV]
(1) 21 December 1978 21 April 1980 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
2 Ali Nasir Muhammad as Prime-Minister of PDRY in East Berlin, 1978.png Ali Nasir Muhammad
علي ناصر محمد الحسني

(1939–)[8]

26 April 1980 24 January 1986 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[III]
3 No image.png Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
حيدر أبو بكر العطاس

(1939–)

24 January 1986 22 May 1990 Yemeni Socialist Party
[5]
[V]

See also

Notes

Head of state
Head of government
Head of parliament
Head of party

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Jessup, John E. (1998). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945-1996. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 659. ISBN 0-313-28112-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Halliday 2002, pp. 17.
  3. ^ a b c d Halliday 2002, pp. 24.
  4. ^ a b c Halliday 2002, pp. 34.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Halliday 2002, pp. 31.
  6. ^ Halliday 2002, pp. 35.
  7. ^ a b c d Halliday 2002, pp. 39.
  8. ^ Halliday 2002, pp. 35.
Bibliography

External links

  • World Statesmen – South Yemen
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