President of Kyrgyzstan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of the Kyrgyz Republic
Кыргыз Республикасынын Президенти (Kyrgyz)
Президент Кыргызской Республики (Russian)
Flag of the President of Kyrgyzstan.svg
Presidential Standard
Sooronbay Jeenbekov at the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council meeting, 7 March 2017.jpg
Incumbent
Sooronbay Jeenbekov

since 24 November 2017
Style Mr. President
Comrade Commander in Chief
His Excellency
Residence White House
Ala Archa State Residence
Appointer Direct election
Term length One six-year term
Inaugural holder Askar Akayev
Formation 27 October 1990; 28 years ago (1990-10-27)
Website President of Kyrgyz Republic
National emblem of Kyrgyzstan 2016.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kyrgyzstan
Constitution
Legislative

The President of Kyrgyzstan is the head of state and the highest official of the Kyrgyz Republic. The president, according to the constitution, "is the symbol of the unity of people and state power, and is the guarantor of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, and of an individual and citizen." The president is directly elected for no more than one six-year term by the Kyrgyz electorate. The office of president was established in 1990 replacing the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet that existed, in different forms, from 1927 whilst the country was known as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.

The first popularly elected officeholder was Askar Akayev, who served from October 1990 until March 24, 2005. In July 2005, Kurmanbek Bakiyev was elected. He was re-elected in 2009, but large riots in April 2010 forced him to resign and flee the country. Roza Otunbayeva was selected in April 2010 to head the interim government. She was officially inaugurated on July 3, 2010, as president for a limited term, until elections could be organised. Her successor, Almazbek Atambayev, was elected in the Kyrgyzstani presidential election in 2011 and took over on 1 December 2011.

On October 16, 2017, Sooronbay Jeenbekov, the former Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, was elected President of the country. He took office on 24 November 2017.

Oath of Office

"I, (full name) in assuming the office of President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my people and the sacred fatherland of Ala-Too, I swear to respect and protect the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic and its laws, to protect the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz state, respect and ensure the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic with honor and tirelessly carry out the high duties of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, entrusted to me by the confidence of the whole people! May God protect us!

Inauguration ceremony

The Inauguration ceremony of the President of Kyrgyzstan is a ceremony that takes place to mark the start of a new term for the President of Kyrgyzstan.

List of inaugural ceremonies

Date President LocationPlace Document Sworn On Notes
December 10, 1991 Askar Akayev White House, Bishkek Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR It was the first presidential inauguration in the history of Kyrgyzstan.[1]
October 29, 1995 Askar Akayev White House, Bishkek Constitution of Kyrgyzstan
December 24, 2000 Askar Akayev Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov Constitution of Kyrgyzstan
August 14, 2005 Kurmanbek Bakiyev Ala-Too Square Constitution of Kyrgyzstan It took place on Ala-Too Square for the first time.[2] The President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, the Prime Minister of Tajikistan, Oqil Oqilov, the Chairman of the National Assembly of Belarus, Gennady Novitsky, the Minister of Defense of Turkey, Vecdi Gönül, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Borys Tarasyuk attended the inauguration.[3]
August 2, 2009 Kurmanbek Bakiyev Government House, Bishkek Constitution of Kyrgyzstan
July 3, 2011 Roza Otunbayeva Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov Constitution of Kyrgyzstan
December 1, 2011 Almazbek Atambayev Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov Constitution of Kyrgyzstan He was inaugurated on December 1, 2011. The ceremony was attended by the President of Turkey, Abdullah Gul, and President of Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili. The ceremony budget cost less than half of what was spent for inauguration ceremony of Kurmanbek Bakiev in 2009.[4]
November 24, 2017 Sooronbay Jeenbekov Ala Archa State Residence Constitution of Kyrgyzstan It was the first inauguration ceremony to take place at the Ala Archa State Residence.[5]

Election

Qualifications

The office of president is open to all citizens of Kyrgyzstan who are no younger than 35 years of age, and no older than 65 years of age. A candidate must have a command of the state language, and have resided in the Republic for no less than 15 years before the nomination of his or her candidacy for the position. The president cannot be a deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament), occupy other positions, or carry out entrepreneurial activities, and must suspend activity in political parties and organizations for their period in office.

On taking office the president must take the following oath, stipulated by Article 45 of the constitution, within 30 days of election before the assembled members of the legislative chamber:

Electoral law

The president is elected by the citizens of Kyrgyzstan by a majority of votes cast. These elections are held on the basis of universal suffrage, and by secret ballot. To become a candidate a person must obtain the signatures of fifty thousand registered voters.

For an election to be considered valid the turnout must not be lower than fifty percent. Similarly, if a candidate wins the backing of fifty percent of the voters who participated they are the winner. Should no candidate win an outright majority in the first round, the two candidates with the highest number of votes face each other in a second ballot.

Residences

Sooronbay Jeenbekov receiving Ilham Aliyev at the State Residence №2.

Duties and functions

The head of state holds significant power as provided for in the constitution. This states that they have the authority to:

Impeachment

The president may be dismissed from office by Parliament only on the basis of a charge made by the Legislative Assembly of state treason or another grievous crime supported by a ruling of the Constitutional Court. Such a decision requires the support of two-thirds of the Jogorku Kenesh who are immediately dismissed should the president be found innocent.

Succession

If the president becomes unable to carry out their duties for reasons such as death, illness or impeachment, the prime minister shall carry out their duties until the election of a new head of state. This must take place within three months of the termination of their Presidency.

Before 2017, Kyrgyzstan knew no peaceful transition of power from the president to president. Both Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiev were forced to leave their chairs by a civil unrest. Almazbek Atambayev was succeeded by Sooronbay Jeenbekov in 2017.

List of Presidents of Kyrgyzstan

The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

I# A# Name
(Birth–Death)
Picture Took office Left office Political party
1 1.
1991
Askar Akayev
Аскар Акаев
(1944–)
Askar Akayev 2007-12-05.jpg 27 October 1990 29 October 1995 Independent
2
1995
29 October 1995 29 October 2000
3.
2000
29 October 2000 24 March 2005
(ousted)
Ishenbai Kadyrbekov
Ишенбай Кадырбеков
(Acting)
(1949–)
Flag of the President of Kyrgyzstan.svg 24 March 2005 25 March 2005 Independent
Kurmanbek Bakiyev
Курманбек Бакиев
(1949–)
Kurmanbek Bakiyev 2006 (cropped).jpg 25 March 2005 14 August 2005 People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan
2 4.
2005
14 August 2005 15 October 2007
(2) 15 October 2007 23 July 2009 Ak Jol
5.
2009
23 July 2009 7 April 2010
(ousted)
Roza Otunbayeva
Роза Отунбаева
(1950–)
Roza Otunbayeva 2011-03-08.jpg 7 April 2010
(self-proclaimed)
3 July 2010 Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan
3 3 July 2010 1 December 2011
4 6.
2011
Almazbek Atambayev
Алмазбек Атамбаев
(1956–)
Almazbek Atambayev 2016-09-16.jpg 1 December 2011 24 November 2017 Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan
5 7.
2017
Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Сооронбай Жээнбеков
(1958–)
Sooronbay Jeenbekov at the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council meeting, 7 March 2017.jpg 24 November 2017 Incumbent
(Term ends on 24 November 2023)
Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan

Rank by time in office

Rank President Time in office
1 Askar Akayev 13 years, 205 days[7]
2 Almazbek Atambayev 5 years, 358 days
3 Kurmanbek Bakiyev 5 years, 13 days
4 Roza Otunbayeva 1 year, 151 days 1 year, 238 days
Roza Otunbayeva 87 days (Acting)
5 Sooronbay Jeenbekov 360 days
Ishenbai Kadyrbekov 1 day (Acting)

External links

  • Official webpage

See also

References

  1. ^ "ИНАУГУРАЦИИ 1991-2000". Akipress.com.
  2. ^ "Президент Киргизии впервые произнесет присягу перед народом". Ria.ru.
  3. ^ "В столице Киргизии проходит инаугурация Курманбека Бакиева". Ria.ru.
  4. ^ "Almazbek Atambaev inaugurated as the president of Kyrgyzstan". Fergananews.com.
  5. ^ "Date of inauguration of new president of Kyrgyzstan approved". 24.kg. 2017-11-01.
  6. ^ Kyrgyz Constitution, article 45, §3[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Counting from the declaration of independence on 31 August 1991.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_Kyrgyzstan&oldid=861236686"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_Kyrgyzstan
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "President of Kyrgyzstan"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA