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Presidency of Donald Trump

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The Presidency of Donald Trump is scheduled to begin at noon EST on January 20, 2017, the day that Donald Trump is scheduled to become the 45th President of the United States,[1] succeeding Barack Obama. Trump, a Republican, was a businessman from New York at the time of his victory in the 2016 presidential election over Democrat Hillary Clinton. His running mate, Governor Mike Pence of Indiana, is expected to take office as Vice President on the same day. At age 70, Trump is expected to be the oldest person to take office as president.[2] Trump's term in office is set to end on January 20, 2021, though he is eligible to seek election to a second term.

Transition period and inauguration

Prior to the election, Trump named Chris Christie as the leader of his transition team.[3] After the election, Vice President-elect Mike Pence replaced Christie as chairman of the transition team, while Christie became a vice-chairman of the transition alongside Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama, retired Army Lt. Gen. Mike Flynn, former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani, former presidential candidate Ben Carson, and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich.[4] Trump's transition team has launched a website called Greatagain.gov.[5] Trump and his transition team began choosing key personnel for his administration following his election victory.[6]

According to Noah Bookbinder of Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, during the transition period, Trump did not separate his business dealings from his work as President-elect ("There does not seem to be any sign of a meaningful separation of Trump government operations and his business operations.")[7]

Personnel

The Trump-nominated Cabinet
Office Name Term
President Donald Trump 2017–present
Vice President Mike Pence 2017–present
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson 2017–present
Secretary of Treasury Steven Mnuchin 2017–present
Secretary of Defense James Mattis 2017–present
Attorney General Jeff Sessions 2017–present
Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke 2017–present
Secretary of Agriculture TBD 2017–present
Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross 2017–present
Secretary of Labor Andrew Puzder 2017–present
Secretary of Health and
Human Services
Tom Price 2017–present
Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos 2017–present
Secretary of Housing and
Urban Development
Ben Carson 2017–present
Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao 2017–present
Secretary of Energy Rick Perry 2017–present
Secretary of Veterans Affairs David Shulkin 2017–present
Secretary of Homeland Security John Kelly 2017–present
Chief of Staff Reince Priebus 2017–present
Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency
Scott Pruitt 2017–present
Director of the Office of
Management and Budget
Mick Mulvaney 2017–present
Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley 2017–present
United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer 2017–present

Cabinet

Days after the presidential election, Trump announced that he had selected RNC Chairman Reince Priebus as his Chief of Staff, a position that does not require Senate confirmation.[8] Priebus and Senior Counselor Steve Bannon were named as "equal partners" within the White House power structure, although Bannon will not be a member of the Cabinet.[9] Aside from the vice presidency and the chief of staff, the remaining Cabinet and Cabinet-level positions require Senate confirmation. On November 18, Trump announced his first Cabinet designee, choosing Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions for the position of Attorney General.[10] Trump continued to name designees for various positions in November, December, and January. Trump is the first incoming president to benefit from the 2013 filibuster reform, which eliminated the use of the filibuster on executive nominees.[11]

Notable non-Cabinet positions

1Appointed by Barack Obama; term ends in January/February of 2018,[14] and Trump intends to "most likely" appoint a replacement.[15]

2Pending Senate confirmation.

3Appointed by Barack Obama; term ends in June of 2018.

4There are two immediate vacancies[12][14] (formerly held by Sarah Bloom Raskin and Jeremy C. Stein). Trump is expected to name one of his appointees to these vacancies as the new regulatory Vice Chair.[13]

Judicial nominees

Trump will likely take office with a Supreme Court vacancy, which arose after the February 2016 death of Antonin Scalia. During his campaign, Trump released two lists of potential nominees to fill the vacancy caused by Scalia's death.[16] Additionally, the United States Courts of Appeals have several vacancies and the United States District Courts have dozens of vacancies for the incoming president to fill.[17]

First 100 days

The first 100 days of Donald Trump's presidency are scheduled to begin with his inauguration on January 20, 2017, and will last until April 29, 2017. The first 100 days of a presidential term took on symbolic significance during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term in office. The period is considered a benchmark to measure the early success of a president.

Policies

Domestic policy

Economy

Shortly before Trump's election, the United States had an unemployment rate of 4.9% and a Federal Reserve-projected GDP growth rate of 1.8% for 2016 (adjusted for inflation).[18] With a GDP of $17.9 trillion according to a 2015 World Bank estimate, the US represented just under a quarter of the GDP of the world economy.[19]

After eight days as President-Elect, Trump claimed credit for persuading a Ford plant in Kentucky from moving to Mexico. However, Ford had never indicated that it was going to close the plant, and the workers' union confirmed that no jobs had been at stake at the plant.[20][21]

Taxation

During the 2016 campaign, Trump promised major federal tax cuts.[22] Trump's plan called for a move from seven income tax brackets to three, cutting rates and lowering the top bracket from $415,050 to $112,500.[22] Trump's plan would also cut the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 15 percent and eliminate the estate tax.[22]

Health care

The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (also known as "Obamacare") elicited major opposition from the Republican Party from its inception, and Trump called for a repeal of the law during the 2016 election campaign.[23] However, Trump has also called for leaving some provisions of the law intact, including a ban on denying coverage to those with pre-existing conditions.[24]

Environment

During the 2016 campaign, Trump expressed skepticism about the existence of global warming, and Trump may seek to remove the United States from the Paris Agreement, a 2015 climate change accord reached by 200 nations.[25]

Immigration

Prior to taking office, Trump promised to deport the 11 million illegal immigrants living in the United States and to build a wall along the Mexico–United States border.[26] Despite campaign promises to build a full wall, Trump later stated that he favors putting up some fences.[27]

Foreign policy

Afghanistan

Trump is expected to take office while the United States remains involved in the War in Afghanistan, which began in 2001 and is the longest war in American history.[28] President Obama plans to have 8,400 soldiers deployed in Afghanistan at the end of his term, with the soldiers focused on training and counter-terrorism operations.[29]

Iraq and Syria

Trump is expected to take office while the United States remains involved in a military intervention against ISIL (also known as ISIS, the Islamic State or Daesh), a Salafi jidahist unrecognized state that gained control of parts of Iraq and Syria following the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War.[30] There were roughly 4,500 American soldiers in Iraq as of February 2016.[31] Under Obama, the United States has also backed non-ISIS forces opposed to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in the Syrian Civil War.[32]

China

During the transition phase, Trump became the first president or president-elect since 1979 to speak directly to the President of Taiwan.[33] This called into question whether President Trump will continue to follow the long-standing One-China policy of the United States regarding the political status of Taiwan.[33]

Russia

President-elect Trump spoke with Russian President Vladimir Putin over phone on November 14 to discuss future efforts to improve the U.S.-Russia ties and the settlement of Syrian crisis among others.[34] It is widely believed that both leaders have intentions to cooperate on some strategic and regional issues. While Senators such as John McCain and Marco Rubio raised concerns,[35] Congressmen like Dana Rohrabacher defends this approach as some believe defeating radical Islam and deterring China are more urgent priorities.[36]

Israel and Palestine

During the transition phase, Trump designated David Friedman, a strong supporter of Israeli settlements and a skeptic of the two-state solution, as his nominee for United States Ambassador to Israel.[37] Trump also pledged to move the United States embassy to Jerusalem, a city contested between Israel and Palestine.[38]

Trade

During the 2016 campaign, Trump called for a re-negotiation of free trade agreements, including NAFTA, a free trade agreement among the United States, Canada, and Mexico that entered into force in 1994.[39] Trump also strongly opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a proposed free trade agreement among several nations that border the Pacific Ocean.[39] Prior to taking office, Trump created the National Trade Council to advise the president regarding trade negotiations, and Trump named professor Peter Navarro as the first Director of the National Trade Council.[40]

Ethics

Lobbying reform

During the 2016 campaign, Trump promised to "drain the swamp in Washington D.C.", and he proposed a series of ethics reforms.[41] Among his proposals was a five-year ban on serving as a lobbyist after working in the executive branch.[41] Trump's transition team also announced that registered lobbyists would be barred from serving in the Trump administration.[42]

Approval ratings

At the time of the 2016 election, polls by Gallup found Trump had a favorable rating around 35% and an unfavorable rating around 60%, while Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton held a favorable rating of 40% and an unfavorable rating of 57%.[43] 2016 was the first election cycle in modern presidential polling where both major-party candidates were viewed so unfavorably.[44][45][46][47] Trump's favorable rating improved somewhat to 42% in the days following the election, while his unfavorable rating went to 55%.[48]

Elections

2016 elections

Trump defeated Democrat Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential election, taking 304 of the 538 electoral votes. Five other individuals received electoral votes from faithless electors.

The 2016 election saw the Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump of New York and Governor Mike Pence of Indiana defeat the Democratic ticket of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton of New York and Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia. Trump won 304 electoral votes compared to Clinton's 227,[49] though Clinton won a plurality of the popular vote.[50]

Trump is the fifth person to win the presidency but lose the popular vote, after John Quincy Adams (1824),[a] Rutherford B. Hayes (1876), Benjamin Harrison (1888), and George W. Bush (2000).[51][52] Although Republicans lost a net of 2 seats in the Senate elections and 6 seats in the House elections, they maintained their majorities in both houses for the 115th Congress.[53] The election gave Republicans unified control of Congress and the presidency for the first time since the 2006 elections.

After the election, Republican Mitch McConnell of Kentucky retained his position as Senate Majority Leader, while Democrat Chuck Schumer of New York replaced the retiring Harry Reid of Nevada as Senate Minority Leader.[54] Democrat Nancy Pelosi retained her position as House Minority Leader,[55] while Republican Paul Ryan retained his position as Speaker of the House.[56]

2018 midterm elections

Midterm elections will be held on November 6, 2018. All 435 House seats and one third of the Senate (Class I) will be up for election.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In 1824, there were six states in which electors were legislatively appointed, rather than popularly elected, so it is uncertain what the national popular vote would have been if all presidential electors had been popularly elected.

References

  1. ^ La Miere, Jason (9 November 2016). "President Obama Speech Live Stream: Donald Trump's Election Win To Be Addressed In Statement". International Business Times. 
  2. ^ "Donald Trump is oldest president elected in US history". Business Insider. 2016-11-09. Retrieved 2016-11-10. 
  3. ^ Bender, Michael C. (2016-11-10). "Donald Trump Transition Team Planning First Months in Office". WSJ. Retrieved 2016-11-10. 
  4. ^ "Pence will lead Trump transition". CNN. Retrieved November 11, 2016. 
  5. ^ Lawler, Richard (November 9, 2016). "Donald Trump's 'Transition Team' launches GreatAgain.gov". Engadget. Retrieved November 11, 2016. 
  6. ^ Stephenson, Emily; Holland, Steve (16 November 2016). "Trump shuffles transition team, eyes loyalists for Cabinet". Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  7. ^ Lipton, Eric; Barry, Ellen. "Donald Trump Meeting Suggests He Is Keeping Up His Business Ties". NYT. Retrieved 2016-11-20. 
  8. ^ Shear, Michael; Haberman, Maggie; Rappeport, Alan (13 November 2016). "Donald Trump Picks Reince Priebus as Chief of Staff and Stephen Bannon as Strategist". New York Times. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  9. ^ Tumulty, Karen (1 January 2016). "Priebus faces daunting task bringing order to White House that will feed off chaos". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  10. ^ Stokols, Eli (18 November 2016). "What Trump's early picks say about his administration". Politico. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  11. ^ Cilliza, Chris (5 January 2017). "How Harry Reid caused Donald Trump's very conservative Cabinet". Washington Post. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Fed may face unnerving shake-up under Trump administration". 
  13. ^ a b "Forget Treasury Secretary. This Trump Pick Matters Most to Banks". November 22, 2016 – via www.bloomberg.com. 
  14. ^ a b "Donald Trump set to reshape US Federal Reserve". November 27, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Former BB&T chief has called for abolishing the Fed. Now he'd be interested in leading it.". 
  16. ^ Jeremy Diamond, Ariane de Vogue and Ashley Killough, "Trump floats more potential Supreme Court picks — including Sen. Mike Lee", CNN (September 23, 2016).
  17. ^ "Judicial Vacancies". United States Courts. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  18. ^ Sherter, Alain (4 October 2016). "Politics aside, here's how the U.S. economy is really doing". CBS news. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  19. ^ "GDP (current US$)" (PDF). World Development Indicators. World Bank. Retrieved 2 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Trump just took credit for stopping Ford from moving a plant to Mexico. But it wasn't planning to.". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-11-18. 
  21. ^ Appelbaum, Binyamin (2016-11-18). "Donald Trump Takes Credit for Helping to Save a Ford Plant That Wasn't Closing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-18. 
  22. ^ a b c Ydstie, John (13 November 2016). "Who Benefits From Donald Trump's Tax Plan?". NPR. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  23. ^ Haberkorn, Jennifer (9 November 2016). "Trump victory puts Obamacare dismantling within reach". Politico. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  24. ^ "Trump: Obamacare key provisions to remain". BBC. 12 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  25. ^ Volcovici, Valerie; Doyle, Alister (14 November 2016). "Trump looking at fast ways to quit global climate deal: source". Reuters. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  26. ^ Tareen, Sophia (18 November 2016). "Trump's election triggers flood of immigration questions". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  27. ^ "Donald Trump says parts of border wall could be fence instead". November 14, 2016. 
  28. ^ Welna, David (12 September 2016). "New President Will Inherit The War In Afghanistan". NPR. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  29. ^ Landler, Mark (July 6, 2016). "Obama Says He Will Keep More Troops in Afghanistan Than Planned". New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2016. 
  30. ^ "What is 'Islamic State'?". BBC. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  31. ^ Youssef, Nancy A. (February 2, 2016). "Pentagon Won't Say How Many Troops Are Fighting ISIS". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 15, 2016. Officially, there are now 3,650 U.S. troops in Iraq, there primarily to help train the Iraqi national army. But in reality, there are already about 4,450 U.S. troops in Iraq, plus another nearly 7,000 contractors supporting the American government’s operations. 
  32. ^ Chan, Sewell; Saad, Hwaida (16 November 2016). "Syrian President Calls Donald Trump a 'Natural Ally' in Fight Against Terrorism". New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  33. ^ a b Crowley, Michael (2 December 2016). "Bull in a China shop: Trump risks diplomatic blowup in Asia". Politico. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  34. ^ Putin, Trump speak by phone, agree to work to improve ties, Fox News, 2016-11-14
  35. ^ GOP senators challenge Trump on secretary of state prospect's Russia ties, Fox News, 2016-12-11
  36. ^ Secretary of state candidate Rep. Dana Rohrabacher defends Russia, denounces China, Yahoo, 2016-12-07
  37. ^ Lederman, Josh (26 December 2016). "Trumps pick for ambassador to Israel sparks hot debate". Washington Post. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  38. ^ Hanna, Andrew; Saba, Yousef (15 December 2016). "Will Trump move the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem?". Politico. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  39. ^ a b Blake, Paul (11 November 2016). "Trump and Trade: How the President-Elect Could Tear Up TPP and Nix NAFTA". ABC News. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  40. ^ Mui, Ylan; Mufson, Steven (21 December 2016). "Trump recruits controversial advisers to help shape administration's trade, regulatory strategy". Washington Post. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  41. ^ a b Schrekinger, Ben (17 October 2016). "Trump proposes ethics reforms". Politico. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  42. ^ Ho, Catherine (16 November 2016). "Trump administration will ban lobbyists, enact five-year lobbying ban after leaving government". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  43. ^ "Presidential Election 2016: Key Indicators". Gallup. Retrieved 15 November 2016. 
  44. ^ "Clinton and Trump Have Terrible Approval Ratings. Does It Matter?". The New York Times. June 3, 2016. 
  45. ^ "Americans' Distaste For Both Trump And Clinton Is Record-Breaking". May 5, 2016. 
  46. ^ "A record number of Americans now dislike Hillary Clinton". 
  47. ^ "Monmouth University". 
  48. ^ Flores, Reena (17 November 2016). "Poll: Trump's favorability jumps but still lags other presidents-elect". CBS News. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  49. ^ "A Historic Number of Electors Defected, and Most Were Supposed to Vote for Clinton". The New York Times. December 19, 2016. 
  50. ^ "2016 Presidential Election". 270towin.com. Retrieved January 15, 2017. 
  51. ^ DeSilver, Drew (20 December 2016). "Trump's victory another example of how Electoral College wins are bigger than popular vote ones". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  52. ^ Patel, Jugal; Andrews, Wilson (18 December 2016). "Trump's Electoral College Victory Ranks 46th in 58 Elections". New York Times. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  53. ^ Jagoda, Naomi (10 November 2016). "Election result opens door for tax reform legislation". The Hill. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  54. ^ Barrett, Ted; LoBianco, Tom; Zeleny, Jeff (16 November 2016). "McConnell, Schumer elected to top spots in Senate ahead of battles with Trump". CNN. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  55. ^ Parks, Maryalice; Saenz, Arlette (30 November 2016). "Nancy Pelosi Wins Re-Election as House Democratic Leader". ABC News. Retrieved 4 December 2016. 
  56. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (3 January 2017). "Paul Ryan Wins Re-election as House Speaker". New York Times. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 

External links

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