Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the three-member body which collectively serves as head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[1]

According to the Article V of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of three members: one Bosniak and one Croat elected from the Federation and one Serb elected from Republika Srpska.[2] Together, they serve one four-year term.[3]

The member with the most votes becomes the chairperson unless he or she was the incumbent chairman at the time of the election, but the chairmanship rotates every eight months, to ensure equality.

Current members

Member of Presidency Joined Presidency Party Representing Chairman term
Šefik Džaferović Sefik Dzaferovic.jpg 20 November 2018
1st term
SDA Bosniaks
Željko Komšić Željko Komšić.jpg 20 November 2018
3rd term
DF Croats 6 July 2007 – 6 March 2008
6 July 2009 – 6 March 2010
10 July 2011 – 10 March 2012
10 July 2013 – 10 March 2014
Milorad Dodik Milorad Dodik mod cropped.jpg 20 November 2018
1st term
SNSD Serbs 20 November 2018 – present

Powers, duties and responsibilities

The Presidency is responsible for:

  • Conducting the foreign policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Appointing ambassadors and other international representatives, no more than two thirds of which may come from the Federation;
  • Representing Bosnia and Herzegovina in European and international organizations and institutions and seeking membership in such organizations and institutions of which it is not a member;
  • Negotiating, denouncing, and, with the consent of the Parliamentary Assembly, ratifying treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Executing decisions of the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Proposing, upon the recommendation of the Council of Ministers, an annual budget to the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Reporting as requested, but no less than annually, to the Parliamentary Assembly on expenditures by the Presidency;
  • Coordinating as necessary with international and nongovernmental organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and;
  • Performing such other functions as may be necessary to carry out its duties, as may be assigned to it by the Parliamentary Assembly, or as may be agreed by the Entities.

Members of Presidency

More than 95% of population of Bosnia and Herzegovina belongs to one of its three constituent nations: Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. According to the Constitution, the Presidency consists of three members: one Bosniak and one Croat elected from the Federation and one Serb elected from the Republika Srpska.

The Presidency Building is located in central Sarajevo.

List of Bosniak members

  1. Fikret Abdić (1 March 1992 – 20 October 1993)
  2. Alija Izetbegović (1 March 1992 – 14 October 2000)
  3. Nijaz Duraković (20 October 1993 – 5 October 1996)
  4. Halid Genjac (14 October 2000 – 30 March 2001)
  5. Beriz Belkić (30 March 2001 – 28 October 2002)
  6. Sulejman Tihić (28 October 2002 – 6 November 2006)
  7. Haris Silajdžić (6 November 2006 – 10 November 2010)
  8. Bakir Izetbegović (10 November 2010 – 20 November 2018)
  9. Šefik Džaferović (20 November 2018 – Incumbent)

List of Croat members

  1. Stjepan Kljujić (1 March 1992 – 9 November 1992) (1st term)
  2. Franjo Boras (1 March 1992 – 20 October 1993)
  3. Miro Lasić (24 December 1992 – 20 October 1993)
  4. Stjepan Kljujić (20 October 1993 – 5 October 1996) (2nd term)
  5. Ivo Komšić (20 October 1993 – 5 October 1996)
  6. Krešimir Zubak (5 October 1996 – 13 October 1998)
  7. Ante Jelavić (13 October 1998 – 7 March 2001)
  8. Jozo Križanović (28 March 2001 – 28 October 2002)
  9. Dragan Čović (28 October 2002 – 29 March 2005) (1st term)
  10. Ivo Miro Jović (9 May 2005 – 6 November 2006)
  11. Željko Komšić (6 November 2006 – 17 November 2014) (1st term)
  12. Dragan Čović (17 November 2014 – 20 November 2018) (2nd term)
  13. Željko Komšić (20 November 2018 – Incumbent) (2nd term)

List of Serb members

  1. Biljana Plavšić (1 March 1992 – 9 April 1992)
  2. Nikola Koljević (1 March 1992 – 9 April 1992)
  3. Nenad Kecmanović (17 June 1992 – 6 July 1992)
  4. Mirko Pejanović (17 June 1992 – 5 October 1996)
  5. Tatjana Ljujić-Mijatović (24 December 1992 – 5 October 1996)
  6. Momčilo Krajišnik (5 October 1996 – 13 October 1998)
  7. Živko Radišić (13 October 1998 – 28 October 2002)
  8. Mirko Šarović (28 October 2002 – 2 April 2003)
  9. Borislav Paravac (10 April 2003 – 6 November 2006)
  10. Nebojša Radmanović (6 November 2006 – 17 November 2014)
  11. Mladen Ivanić (17 November 2014 – 20 November 2018)
  12. Milorad Dodik (20 November 2018 – Incumbent)

List of members from other ethnicities (1992–1996)

1. Ejup Ganić (1 March 1992 – 5 October 1996) - representing Yugoslavs

List of additional members during a state of imminent peril (Bosnian War) (1992–1995)

1. Momčilo Krajišnik (8 April 1992 – 14 September 1992) 2. Mariofil Ljubić (14 September 1992 – 25 December 1992) - as Deputy Speaker 3. Miro Lazović (25 December 1992 – 22 December 1995)

1. Jure Pelivan (8 April 1992 – 9 November 1992) 2. Mile Akmadžić (9 November 1992 – 25 October 1993) 3. Haris Silajdžić (25 October 1993 – 22 December 1995)

1. Hasan Efendić (8 April 1992 – 25 May 1992)

1. Sefer Halilović (25 May 1992 – 8 June 1993)

1. Rasim Delić (8 June 1993 – 22 December 1995)

Timeline of members

7 members (1992–1996)

Bosniak Members Croat Members Serb Members Yugoslav Member
Name
Years in office
Party Name
Years in office
Party Name
Years in office
Party Name
Years in office
Party Name
Years in office
Party Name
Years in office
Party Name
Years in office
Party
Fikret Abdić
1992–1993
SDA Alija Izetbegović
1992–1996
SDA Stjepan Kljuić
1992–1992
HDZ Franjo Boras
1992–1993
HDZ Biljana Plavšić
1992–1992
SDS Nikola Koljević
1992–1992
SDS Ejup Ganić
1992–1996
SDA
Nenad Kecmanović
1992–1992
Independent Mirko Pejanović
1992–1996
SDP
Miro Lasić
1992–1993
Tatjana Ljujić-Mijatović
1992–1996
SDP
Nijaz Duraković
1993–1996
SDP Stjepan Kljuić
1993–1996
HSS Ivo Komšić
1993–1996
HSS

3 members (1996–present)

Bosniak Members Croat Members Serb Members Election
Portrait Name
Years in office
Party Portrait Name
Years in office
Party Portrait Name
Years in office
Party
Izetbegovic.jpg Alija Izetbegović
1996–2000
SDA Kresimir Zubak at the Sarajevo Air Force Base - Flickr - The Central Intelligence Agency (cropped).jpg Krešimir Zubak
1996–1998
HDZ BiH Momcilo Krajisnik crop.jpeg Momčilo Krajišnik
1996–1998
SDS 1996
No image.png Ante Jelavić
1998–2001
Zivko Radisic (cropped).jpg Živko Radišić
1998–2002
SP 1998
Halid Genjac - October 2016 (cropped).jpg Halid Genjac
2000–2001
No image.png Beriz Belkić
2001–2002
SBiH No image.png Jozo Križanović
2001–2002
SDP
Sulejman Tihić.jpg Sulejman Tihić
2002–2006
SDA Dragan Čović.jpg Dragan Čović
2002–2005
HDZ BiH Mirko Sarovic Trondheim.jpg Mirko Šarović
2002–2003
SDS 2002
Borislav Paravac, Pope johnpaul funeral politics.jpg Borislav Paravac
2003–2006
Ivo Miro Jovic.jpg Ivo Miro Jović
2005–2006
Haris Silajdžić.jpg Haris Silajdžić
2006–2010
SBiH Željko Komšić.jpg Željko Komšić
2006–2014
SDP Nebojsa Radmanovic.jpg Nebojša Radmanović
2006–2014
SNSD 2006
Izetbegović, Bakir.jpg Bakir Izetbegović
2010–2018
SDA DF 2010
Dragan Čović.jpg Dragan Čović
2014–2018
HDZ BiH Mladen Ivanic.jpg Mladen Ivanić
2014–2018
PDP 2014
Sefik Dzaferovic.jpg Šefik Džaferović
2018–present
Željko Komšić.jpg Željko Komšić
2018–present
DF Milorad Dodik mod cropped.jpg Milorad Dodik
2018–present
SNSD 2018

History and period before elections (1945–1992)

Heads of State of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina

Presidency of the early Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

When the country declared independence in 1992, the Presidency consisted of:

Over the course of the Bosnian War, the Presidency underwent several changes: the Serb members Plavšić and Koljević, as well as the Croat member Boras, left the Presidency early on and were replaced by Nenad Kecmanović, Mirko Pejanović and Ivo Komšić, respectively. Kecmanović soon also left, and was replaced by Tatjana Ljujić-Mijatović. After a while, Abdić was replaced with Nijaz Duraković.

Presidency elections

Presidency elected in 1996

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 1998

Elected members:

Živko Radišić with 52% of the Serb vote was elected chairman of the collective presidency for the first 8 months; Ante Jelavić with 52% of the Croat vote followed Radišić in the rotation; Alija Izetbegović with 87% of the Bosniak vote won the highest number of votes in the election but was ineligible to serve a second term until Radišić and Jelavić had each served a first term as Chairman of the Presidency. Ante Jelavić was replaced by Jozo Križanović for the remainder of his term based on a decision issued by Wolfgang Petritsch, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Presidency elected in 2002

Elected members:

Mirko Šarović with 35.5% of the Serb vote was elected chairman of the collective presidency for the first eight months; Dragan Čović received 61.5% of the Croat vote; Sulejman Tihić received 37% of the Bosniak vote.

Mirko Šarović resigned in 2003 due to his implication in the scandal regarding the selling of arms to Iraq. The Parliament replaced him with Borislav Paravac.

Dragan Čović was dismissed by the High Representative Paddy Ashdown, after Čović was indicted for financial corruption; however, the trial hasn't taken place yet. The Parliament replaced him with Ivo Miro Jović.

Presidency elected in 2006

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 2010

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 2014

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 2018

Elected members:

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.predsjednistvobih.ba/hron/default.aspx?id=10074&langTag=en-US
  2. ^ http://www.predsjednistvobih.ba/nadl/default.aspx?id=18268&langTag=en-US
  3. ^ http://www.predsjednistvobih.ba/nadl/default.aspx?id=18268&langTag=en-US

External links

  • Website of the Presidency
  • Article V of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Holding Bosnian presidents accountable, ISN Security Watch, 21 December 2006

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