List of United States military premier ensembles

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A detachment of "The President's Own", the U.S. Marine Band, appears with First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama on The Late Show with David Letterman in 2015
A detachment of "The President's Own", the U.S. Marine Band, appears with First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama on the Late Show with David Letterman in 2015.

A premier ensemble is a term used in the United States armed forces to refer to a certain class of military bands. Premier ensembles are configured and commanded so as to attract the highest-quality musicians available, and competition for enlistment is typically fierce. Unlike non-premier ensembles, which provide musical support to specific military units or commands, premier ensembles exist to promote the U.S. military to the public at large, to support state ceremonies, and to preserve the heritage of American martial music. As of 2016 there are eleven such units.

Description

Organization and personnel

Each of the five branches of the U.S. armed forces designates one or more of its military bands as premier ensembles, however, the exact terminology used to describe such units varies (the U.S. Army uses the term "Special Bands"). While branch-wide, as opposed to unit-specific, bands have existed since the formation of the U.S. Marine Band in the 1790s, the idea of forming superior music ensembles posted in the vicinity of Washington, D.C. originated with John Pershing in the early 1920s and formalized with the transition of the U.S. Navy School of Music from a training program for naval bandsmen to a multi-service institute responsible for Navy, Marine Corps, and Army premier musicians in 1951.[1][2][3]

Image showing the U.S. Army Herald Trumpets.
The U.S. Army Herald Trumpets, the U.S. president's fanfare unit, are a component of the U.S. Army Band, a premier ensemble.

New enlistees in premier ensembles automatically enter at the rank of E6 (a staff sergeant in the Army, or petty officer, first class, in the Navy) and enjoy enlistment contracts that guarantee they are not deployable outside the United States, meaning competition for billets is fierce.[4][5] These organizations have typically attracted the highest-caliber musicians available,[6][7][8][9][4][5] selected through a competitive audition process.[10]

In the past, some premier ensembles have been administered separately from the rest of their branch's bands; they generally do not have any duties other than musical performance. During wartime, by contrast, non-premier U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Army bands reconfigure into light infantry units responsible for rear-area defense and EPW (enemy prisoner-of-war) security.[4][5][11] Personnel of the U.S. Marine Band forgo recruit training altogether; instead, after enlistment under a four-year contract, they are directly assigned to their duty station at the Marine Barracks in Washington, where they receive on-the-job training to provide them with the necessary military skills required to perform their role.[10]

Role

Premier ensembles are tasked with promoting the image of the U.S. armed forces through public performances, concerts, and parades. They also support official government ceremonies such as state visits, are used as recording groups to produce the music used in recruiting advertisements and other productions of the armed forces, and provide ceremonial support to the corps of cadets and midshipmen at the U.S. Military Academy (West Point), U.S. Naval Academy (Annapolis), U.S. Air Force Academy, and U.S. Coast Guard Academy.[12][13][14]

Bands currently designated as premier ensembles

Of the military's 137 regular and reserve bands, 11 are currently designated premier ensembles, including four U.S. Army bands, four U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps bands, two U.S. Air Force bands, and one U.S. Coast Guard band.[15][5] Of the eleven premier ensembles, the U.S. Marine Band is the oldest, having been activated in 1798.[16]

  U.S. Marine Corps unit (1)   U.S. Army unit (2)   U.S. Navy unit (3)   U.S. Air Force unit (4)   U.S. Coast Guard unit (5)

Ensemble Performance sample DUI, badge, emblem, or logo
Activated
Garrison Description
The U.S. Marine Band drum-major with the U.S. Marine Band behind him.
U.S. Marine Band
1 USMB223LOGO.png 1798[16] The U.S. Marine Band is the oldest professional music organization in the United States.[16][17][18] Designated "the President's Own" by Thomas Jefferson, its most notable director was John Philip Sousa, who led the group from 1880 to 1892.[16]
The West Point Band in marching formation led by the West Point Band drum-major.
West Point Band
2 U.S. Military Academy COA.png 1817[19] The West Point band provides musical support to the West Point Corps of Cadets during drills and parades, and also represents the U.S. Army in broadcast performances on the Big Three television networks.[19]
The U.S. Naval Academy Band performing the U.S. national anthem on the field of Prince George's Stadium.
USNA Band
3
"Melody Shop"
USNAB insignia.png 1852[20] The U.S. Naval Academy (USNA) Band provides musical support to the USNA Corps of Midshipmen and performs for military ceremonies, ship commissioning, and funerals in the U.S. mid-Atlantic region.[20]
The U.S. Army Band drum-major shown with choir behind him.
U.S. Army Band
2
"The Rifle Regiment"
Distinctive Unit Insignia - US Army Band.png 1922[21] Known as "Pershing's Own" in honor of its original patron, General of the Armies of the United States John J. Pershing, the U.S. Army Band performs for major state events in Washington, D.C. and is the only Washington-based military band to have participated in a theater of foreign combat operations (World War II's Rhineland campaign).[21]
The U.S. Navy Band shown at ease; Drum-Major in front.
U.S. Navy Band
3 US Navy Band insignia.png 1925[22] The successor to the Washington Navy Yard Band, the U.S. Navy Band is composed of a concert band, ceremonial (marching) band, Sea Chanters (concert choir), Commodores (jazz band), Country Current (country music ensemble), and Cruisers (pop group).[22]
The U.S. Coast Guard Band shown marching in downtown New York.
U.S. Coast Guard Band
5
"The Tall Ship Eagle"
USCGBInsignia.png 1925[23] The U.S. Coast Guard Band provides musical support to the USCGA Corps of Cadets. It performs at official Coast Guard functions, public concerts, and parades. It is the Coast Guard's only active-duty band.[23]
The U.S. Marine Drum and Bugle Corps performing shown performing a stationary concert feature.
U.S. Marine Drum
and Bugle Corps
1 USMCDBCEmblem.png 1934[24] The 80-piece U.S. Marine Drum and Bugle Corps is known as "the Commandant's Own" and performs the Friday-evening sunset parade at Marine Barracks Washington and the Tuesday-evening memorials at the Iwo Jima Monument.[24]
The U.S. Air Fore Band shown at parade rest with the band's drum-major in front.
U.S. Air Force Band
4
"Honor with Dignity"
The United States Air Force Band Shield.png 1941[25] The successor to the Bolling Army Air Forces Band, the U.S. Air Force Band supports state and Air Force official events in the Washington, D.C. area, as well as undertaking national performance tours to promote the Air Force.[25]
The U.S. Army Field Band at parade rest with drum-major in front.
U.S. Army Field Band
2
"Army Strong"
DUIUSFB34534.png 1946[26] The U.S. Army Field Band tours nationally, both as a full ensemble or as smaller specialized and chamber groups, to perform in support of civic events such as centennial celebrations, sports competitions, festivals, and city or state commemorations.[27]
The U.S. Air Force Academy Band marching at the U.S. Air Force Academy.
USAFA Band
4
"March for a New Era"
USAFA Band Logo.png 1955[28] The U.S. Air Force Academy Band provides ceremonial musical support to the Air Force Academy's Corps of Cadets.[28]
The Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps marching.
Old Guard Fife
and Drum Corps
2
"Bugle Quickstep"
OGFDCInsignia.png 1960[29] The 69-member Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps is part of the U.S. Army's 3rd Infantry Regiment, the presidential escort regiment. It is a fife and drum corps that performs on 10-hole fifes, handmade rope-tensioned drums and single-valve bugles.[29]

References

  1. ^ Pincus, Walter (24 August 2010). "Vast number of military bands may not be music to Gates's ears". Washington Post. Fine Print. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Piehler, Kurt (2013). Encyclopedia of Military Science. SAGE Publications. pp. 201–203. ISBN 1452276323. 
  3. ^ Army Bands Army Regulation 220–90. U.S. Army. 2007. pp. 7–9. 
  4. ^ a b c Midgette, Anne (19 July 2014). "Military bands offer musicians great jobs, similar challenges to orchestras". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d Carden, Eddie (15 May 2008). "Musicians in the Military". Halftime Magazine. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "United States Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps". trumpetguild.org. International Trumpet Guild. Retrieved 12 December 2016. 
  7. ^ Bradford, James (2004). International Encyclopedia of Military History. Routledge. p. 915. ISBN 1135950342. 
  8. ^ Churchman, Deborah. "The realm military brass". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 12 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "Air Force Band, ‘Peter Rabbit Tales’ at Ford Center this Weekend". University of Mississippi News. University of Mississippi. Retrieved December 12, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Musicians". marines.mil. U.S. Marine Corps. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  11. ^ Lacy, Linda (2004). We are Marines!: World War I to the Present. pp. 292–293. ISBN 1599758873. 
  12. ^ Nardin, Glen. "Military Bands – What's the Real Story?". armystrongstories.com. U.S. Army. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  13. ^ Moore, Kimberly (15 October 2010). "Music, Culture, and Society (Or Why You Shouldn't Cut Military Bands)". Psychology Today. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  14. ^ Fitzgerald, Mike (19 January 2016). "Pentagon Playing 'Taps' for Military Bands and Entertainment Shows". military.com. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  15. ^ Mitchell, Ellen (16 May 2016). "The Pentagon's battle of the bands". Politico. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d "About the President's Own". marines.mil. U.S. Marine Corps. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  17. ^ Sheir, Rebecca (13 November 2015). "The United States Marine Band Seeks Its Next Young Soloist". WAMU-FM. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  18. ^ Roberts, Jane (25 September 2015). "Marine Band to appear at Overton High". The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "West Point Band – Who We Are". army.mil. U.S. Army. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "About". usna.edu. U.S. Naval Academy. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  21. ^ a b "Historical Overview". armyband.com. U.S. Army. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  22. ^ a b "Navy Yard Band". navyband.navy.mil. U.S. Navy. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  23. ^ a b "Our History". uscg.mil. U.S. Coast Guard. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  24. ^ a b Keller, Scott (2004). Marine Pride: A Salute to America's Elite Fighting Force. Citadel Press. pp. 9–10. ISBN 0806526033. 
  25. ^ a b "About the U.S. Air Force Band". usafband.af.mil. U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  26. ^ "Army musical performers salute veterans in concert at Kutztown University". Reading Eagle. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  27. ^ "Touring Mission". armyfieldband.com. U.S. Army. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  28. ^ a b "About Us". af.mil. U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  29. ^ a b "About the Corps". fifeanddrum.army.mil. U.S. Army. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
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