Power structure

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A power structure is an overall system of influence relationships between any individual and every other individual within any selected group of people. A description of a power structure would capture the way in which power or authority is distributed between people within groups such as a government, nation, institution, organization, or a society.[1] Such structures are of interest to various fields, including sociology, government, economics, and business. A power structure may be formal and intentionally constructed to maximize values like fairness or efficiency, as in a hierarchical organization wherein every entity, except one, is subordinate to a single other entity. Conversely, a power structure may be an informal set of roles, such as those found in a dominance hierarchy in which members of a social group interact, often aggressively, to create a ranking system. A culture that is organised in a dominance hierarchy is a dominator culture, the opposite of an egalitarian culture of partnership. A visible, dominant group or elite that holds power or authority within a power structure is often referred to as being the Establishment. Power structures are fluid, with changes occurring constantly, either slowly or rapidly, evolving or revolutionary, peacefully or violently.

See also

  • Authoritarianism, in which citizens are expected to devote absolute obedience to authority and are typically allowed little to no freedoms.
  • Biopower, nation states' regulation of their subjects through a multitude of techniques for subjugating bodies and controlling populations
  • Elite theory
  • Online participation
  • Plutocracy, an institution ruled and dominated by a small minority of the wealthiest members

References

  1. ^ G. William Domhoff, Thomas R. Dye, Power Elites and Organizations (1987), p. 9.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Power_structure&oldid=836753128"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_structure
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Power structure"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA