Portal:Yoruba

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Portal of the Yoruba people

The Yorùbá people (name spelled also: Ioruba or Joruba; Yoruba: Ìran Yorùbá) are a Niger-Congo ethnic group of southwestern and north-central Nigeria, as well as southern and central Benin. Together, these regions are known as Yorubaland. The Yoruba constitute about 44 million people in total. Majority of this population is from Nigeria, where the Yorùbá make up 21% of the country's population, according to the CIA World Factbook, making them one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. Most Yoruba people speak the Yoruba language, which is tonal, and is the Niger-Congo language with the largest number of native speakers.

The Yorùbá share borders with the very closely related Itsekiri to the south-east in the North West Niger delta, Bariba to the northwest in Benin, the Nupe to the north and the Ebira to the northeast in central Nigeria. To the east are the Edo, Ẹsan and the Afemai groups in mid-western Nigeria. Adjacent to the Ebira and Edo groups are the related Igala people found in the northeast, on the left bank of the Niger River. To the southwest are the Gbe speaking Mahi, Egun, Fon and Ewe who border Yoruba communities in Benin and Togo. To the southeast are Itsekiri who live in the north-west end of the Niger delta. They are ancestrally related to the Yoruba but chose to maintain a distinct cultural identity. Significant Yoruba populations in other West African countries can be found in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

The Yoruba diaspora consists of two main groupings; one of them includes relatively recent migrants, the majority of which moved to the United Kingdom and the United States after major economic and political changes in the 1960s to 1980s. The other dates to the Atlantic slave trade and has communities in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Saint Lucia, Jamaica, Brazil, Grenada, and Trinidad and Tobago, and other countries.

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The Oyo Empire (c. 1400 - 1835) was a West African empire of what is today western Nigeria. The empire was established by the Yoruba in the 15th century and grew to become one of the largest West African states encountered by colonial explorers. It rose to preeminence through wealth gained from trade and its possession of a powerful cavalry. The Oyo Empire was the most politically important state in the region from the mid-17th to the late 18th century, holding sway not only over other Yoruba states, but also over the Fon kingdom of Dahomey (located in the state now known as the Republic of Benin).

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Fela Kuti.jpg
Fela Anikulapo Kuti (born Olufela Olusegun Oludotun Ransome-Kuti, October 15, 1938 - August 2, 1997), or simply Fela, was a Nigerian multi-instrumentalist musician and composer, pioneer of Afrobeat music, human rights activist, and political maverick.

HMV ranked him #46 on a list of the top 100 most influential musicians of the 20th century.

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The Yoruba are a multinational ethnic group, with an estimated population of more than 40 million in Nigeria, Benin Republic, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Brazil, Cuba, Haiti, Trinidad and other countries.

Yoruba religious, musical and culinary traditions are amongst the most well-known cultural patrimonies in the world. Yoruba culture has contributed foundational elements including the Orisa, Candomble and Santeria religious faiths, Juju music, Afrobeat, samba, salsa, afoxe and Latin music, and foods including akara, amala and Moimoi to West African, Caribbean and Latin American cultures.

The celebrated Ife Bronze and Terracotta, one of Africa's best-known sculptural traditions, were produced in the ancient Yoruba city-state of Ile-Ife between 1000-1400 AD.

Africa's first Anglican bishop, Samuel Ajayi Crowther, was a Yoruba man of Oyo and Ketu[disambiguation needed] parentage. He received his doctorate in divinity from Oxford University in 1864.

The founder of Nigeria's first political party was a Yoruba man named Herbert Macauley.

Wole Soyinka, the first African to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, is a Yoruba man.

The first museum to be established in Nigeria is in Esie, Kwara State.

Peter Fatomilola was the 1st "Papa Ajasco," a lead role in a comedy film produced by Wale Adenuga
During childbirth in yorubaland, any one younger than d mother is not allowed to b present at d birth. 
The Ogboni cult, known as "Osugbo" in Ijebu land is called "Mole" in Ife"

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