Portal:Wicca

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Wicca Portal

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Wicca /ˈwɪkə/ is a modern Pagan religious movement. Developing in England in the first half of the 20th century, Wicca was popularised in the 1950s and early 1960s by a Wiccan High Priest named Gerald Gardner, who at the time called it the "witch cult" and "witchcraft," and its adherents "the Wica." From the 1960s onward, the name of the religion was normalised to "Wicca.".

Wicca is typically a duotheistic religion, worshipping a goddess and a god, who are traditionally viewed as the Triple Goddess and Horned God. These two deities are often viewed as being facets of a greater pantheistic godhead, and as manifesting themselves as various polytheistic deities. Nonetheless, there are also other theological positions within Wicca, ranging from monotheism to atheism. The religion also involves the ritual practice of magic, largely influenced by the ceremonial magic of previous centuries, often in conjunction with a broad code of morality known as the Wiccan Rede, although this is not adhered to by all wiccans. Another characteristic of this religion is the celebration of seasonally-based festivals, known as Sabbats, of which there are usually eight in number annually.

There are various denominations within Wicca, which are referred to as traditions. Some, such as Gardnerian and Alexandrian Wicca, follow in the initiatory lineage of Gardner. Others, such as Cochrane's Craft, Feri and the Dianic tradition, take primary influence from other figures and may not insist on any initiatory lineage.

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Slavic Neopaganism (also known as Slavianstvo (Slavianism)[1] or Rodnovery;[2][3] [Родноверие / Rodnoverye,[4] Родославие / Rodoslavie] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help); [Рiдна Вiра / Ridna Vira, Рідновірство / Ridnovirstvo, Рідновір'я / Ridnoviriya] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help); [Родноверје / Rodnoverje, Родна вера / Rodna vera)] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help), [Роднавераваннe / Rоdnaveravanne] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help); Polish: Rodzimowierstwo) is a modern sometimes fakeloric,[5][6][7], and polytheistic, reconstructionistic, and Neopagan religion; its adherents call themselves Rodnovers (Ukrainian: Ridnoviry), and consider themselves to be the legitimate continuation of pre-Christian Slavic religion.[8]

Selected biography

Selena Fox October 08.jpg
Selena Fox (born 20 October 1949 in Arlington, Virginia) is a Wiccan priestess and activist, psychotherapist, self-published author and lecturer in the fields of Neopaganism, Wicca, New Age and comparative religion.

Rev. Fox is the founder of the "Circle Craft" tradition of the Wiccan religion.

Selena, along with others, founded Circle Sanctuary in 1974, which is one of America's oldest Pagan centers and Wiccan churches. Circle Sanctuary is headquartered on its 200-acre (0.81 km2) Circle Sanctuary Nature Preserve, founded in 1983. Circle Sanctuary's quarterly journal CIRCLE Magazine (formerly, Circle Network News) was first published in 1978 as a newsletter, then as a newspaper in 1980, and in magazine format in 1997. Fox also is the founder of the Pagan Spirit Gathering, one of the oldest Nature Spirituality festivals in the United States.

Selected holy day

Beltane is one of the four principal festivals of the Irish calendar, one of the four main druidic holy days, and one of the four major Wicca sabbats, and was also celebrated in many European countries. It was also known as La Bealtaine, Bealtainn, Beltain, Beltaine, Boaltinn, Boaldyn, and Belotenia, as well as a few other lesser common used names.

Celebrated most commonly on May 1 (or November 1 in the southern hemisphere), it was dedicated to the sun, and the goddess Maia, as well as the horned god, and the three-fold goddess, also in Irish tradition, the Tuatha De Danann.

One of the common symbols of Beltane was the May Pole, which was later transferred into a symbol of May Day. It is opposite of the festival, Samhain, also celebrated in most druid, Gaelic, pagan, etc. traditions. It is a festival of life and sexuality.

Did you know...

...that because Wicca is a season based religion, many people in the Southern Hemisphere celebrate holidays in opposing times of the year, compared with the Northern Hemisphere?
...that Wiccans often identify as witches, but Wicca and Witchcraft are not necessarily the same thing?
...that Gerald Gardner is credited with re-introducing the word 'Wicca' into the English Language?
...that Wicca was previously an Old English word (pronounced: 'wee-cha'), meaning a male sage or shaman and 'wicce' was the female form?
...that Wiccans observe eight seasonal Sabbats of the year and 12–13 Esbats each year?

WikiProjects

Project Neopaganism
Defining Neo/Paganism at WikiPedia
When should Wikipedia use the term "paganism" as opposed to "neopaganism"? Should these terms be capitalized? Discuss at the project NeoPaganism talk page.

Selected picture

A Neopagan Wicker Man.JPG
Credit: Midnightblueowl

A wicker man was a large wicker statue of a human used by the ancient Druids (priests of Celtic paganism) for human sacrifice by burning it in effigy, according to Julius Caesar in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico (Commentary on the Gallic War).

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Call upon the Goddess and God to protect you and teach you the secrets of magic. Ask stones and plants to reveal their powers - and listen.
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  1. ^ http://images.rca.org/docs/mission/country-profiles/Russia.pdf
  2. ^ Kavykin O.I. "Rodnovery". Samoidentifikatsiia neoiazychnikov v sovremennoi Rossii: Monografiia. Moskva IA RAN, 2007. ISBN 9785912980176
  3. ^ English form promulgated by the largest Russian organization is Rodnovery.com
  4. ^ Хто такі рідновіри?
  5. ^ Harle, Peter. Neo-Pagan Sacred Art and Altars: Making Things Whole, Journal of American Folklore - Volume 117, Number 463, Winter 2004, pp. 104-105
  6. ^ V.Shnirelman "Неоязычество и национализм", Восточноевропейский ареал // Исследования по прикладной и неотложной этнологии. № 114. ИЭА РАН, 1998 г.; Неоязычество на просторах Евразии. «Библейско-богословский институт св. апостола Андрея», Москва, 2001, pp. 68, 102, 177, 168.
  7. ^ M.Vasiliev, Review: Неоязычество на просторах Евразии. М., 2001 // Славяноведение. 2002. № 4. С. 102
  8. ^ The 2007 International Conference - Russian Rodnoverie (Aitamurto)
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