Portal:West Virginia

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Seal of West Virginia.
Location of West Virginia within the United States.
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West Virginia /ˌwɛst vərˈɪnjə/ (About this sound listen) is a state in the Appalachian, Southern, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, bordered by Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Ohio to the northwest, and Pennsylvania and Maryland to the northeast. The capital and largest city is Charleston.

West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions, breaking away from Virginia during the American Civil War. The new state was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863, and was a key Civil War border state. West Virginia was the only state to form by seceding from a Confederate state, and was one of only two states formed during the American Civil War (the other one being Nevada, which separated from Utah Territory).

The Census Bureau considers West Virginia part of the South, as most of the state is south of the Mason–Dixon line. The northern panhandle extends adjacent to Pennsylvania and Ohio with the West Virginia cities of Wheeling and Weirton being just across the border from the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, while Bluefield is less than 70 miles (110 km) from North Carolina and Harpers Ferry is considered to be a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The unique position of West Virginia means that it is often included in a wide variety of geographical regions, including the Upland South, the Southeastern United States and often the Northeastern United States. Notably, it is the only state which entirely lies within the area served by the Appalachian Regional Commission, which is a common definition of "Appalachia".[1] For these reasons, West Virginia is often considered simultaneously the northernmost Southeastern state, the southernmost Northeastern state, the westernmost Mid-Atlantic state and the easternmost Midwestern state. The state is noted for its mountains and diverse topography, its historically significant logging and coal mining industries, and its political and labor history. It is one of the most densely karstic areas in the world, making it a choice area for recreational caving and scientific research. The karst lands contribute to much of the state's cool trout waters. It is also known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities, including skiing, whitewater rafting, fishing, hiking, mountain biking and hunting.

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I-68 at the West Virginia – Maryland state line
Interstate 68 (I-68) is a 112.6-mile (181.2 km) Interstate highway in the U.S. states of West Virginia and Maryland, connecting Interstate 79 in Morgantown to Interstate 70 in Hancock. I-68 is also Corridor E of the Appalachian Development Highway System. From 1965 until the freeway's construction was completed in 1991, it was designated as U.S. Route 48 (US 48). In Maryland, the highway is known as the National Freeway, an homage to the historic National Road, which I-68 parallels between Keysers Ridge and Hancock. The freeway mainly spans rural areas, and crosses numerous mountain ridges along its route. A road cut at Sideling Hill exposed geological features of the mountain and has become a tourist attraction. The construction of I-68 began in 1965 and continued for over 25 years, with completion on August 2, 1991. While the road was under construction, it was predicted that economic conditions would improve along the corridor. The two largest cities connected by the highway are Morgantown and Cumberland, both with permanent populations of fewer than 30,000 people. Despite the fact that the freeway serves major metropolitan areas, I-68 provides a major transportation route in western Maryland and northern West Virginia and also provides an alternative to the Pennsylvania Turnpike for westbound traffic from Washington, D.C. and Baltimore.

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Glade Creek Grist Mill at Babcock State Park
Credit: UED77

The Glade Creek Grist Mill is a replica of the original Cooper's Mill that was located nearby. The current grist mill, completed in 1976, was assembled from parts of three other West Virginia mills. The park's web site describes the Glade Creek Grist Mill as a living, working monument to the more than 500 mills that used to set throughout the state.

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Hanging Rocks viewed from across the river in the 1890s

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John Beilein in 2008
John Beilein (pronounced bee-line; born February 5, 1953) is an American college basketball coach and current men's basketball head coach at the University of Michigan. He is the 16th head coach of the Michigan Wolverines. The 2010–11 season was his fourth at Michigan, with whom he has a six-year contract. Following the 2010-11 season, Beilein has won 543 career games (including games that were not at the Division I level, but excluding junior college games). He has previously coached the West Virginia Mountaineers (2002–2007), Richmond Spiders (1997–2002), Canisius College Golden Griffins (1992–1997) in Division I as well as Le Moyne College (1983–1992), Nazareth College (1982–1983) and Erie Community College (1978–1982). Beilein is the only active collegiate coach to have achieved 20-win seasons at four different levels—junior college, NAIA, NCAA Division II and NCAA Division I. He has been recognized as Coach of the Year four times: in 1981 at Erie Community College, in 1988 at LeMoyne, in 1994 at Canisius, and in 1998 at Richmond. In addition, Beilein was the seventh of only eight coaches in history (along with Lefty Driesell, Jim Harrick, Lon Kruger, Rick Pitino, Tubby Smith, Eddie Sutton and later Tom Penders) to have taken four different schools to the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship Tournament. Beilein's first Division I head coaching position was at Canisius, a hometown school of which he had been a fan. He turned around the school's losing program and helped it earn two National Invitation Tournament (NIT) and one NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship Tournament invitation in five years. Then at Richmond he reached the NIT twice in five years. In five years at West Virginia, his teams twice advanced several rounds in the NCAA tournament and twice went to the NIT, including one championship. At Michigan, the school reached the NCAA tournament for the first time in over a decade. He has a 13–6 record in the NIT and an 8–6 record in the NCAA tournament.

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Economy: West Virginia State LotteryWest Virginia locations by per capita incomeOhio Valley

Law and government of West Virginia: List of West Virginia state agenciesWest Virginia Attorney GeneralEducation in West VirginiaWest Virginia LegislatureWest Virginia Parkways, Economic Development and Tourism AuthorityWest Virginia Division of HighwaysList of Presidents of the West Virginia SenateList of Speakers of the West Virginia House of DelegatesPolitical party strength in West VirginiaPotomac Highlands Airport AuthorityWest Virginia State Police AcademyWest Virginia Governor's MansionWest Virginia State CapitolWest Virginia State LotteryWest Virginia State PoliceList of Governors of West VirginiaChesapeake Bay ProgramSupreme Court of Appeals of West VirginiaCourts of West VirginiaCharleston Police Department (West Virginia)List of law enforcement agencies in West VirginiaWest Virginia Division of CorrectionsWest Virginia Division of Natural ResourcesWest Virginia Department of TransportationWest Virginia Department of CommerceWest Virginia Division of ForestryWest Virginia State Rail AuthorityWest Virginia House of DelegatesWest Virginia SenateSecretary of State of West VirginiaWest Virginia Alcohol Beverage Control Administration

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  1. ^ "Appalachian Region: Counties in Appalachia". Appalachian Regional Commission. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
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