Portal:Weimar Republic

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WEIMAR REPUBLIC


Wappen Deutsches Reich (Weimarer Republik).svg
The Weimar Republic (German: Weimarer Republik [ˈvaɪmaʁɐ ʁepuˈbliːk] (About this soundlisten)) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933. The name derives from the city of Weimar, where its constitutional assembly first took place. The official name of the state remained Deutsches Reich (English: German Realm), unchanged since 1871. In English, the country was usually known simply as Germany.

A national assembly was convened in Weimar, where a new constitution for the Deutsches Reich was written and adopted on 11 August 1919. In its fourteen years, the Weimar Republic faced numerous problems, including hyperinflation, political extremism (with paramilitaries—both left- and right-wing) as well as contentious relationships with the victors of the First World War.

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Beer Hall Putsch

The Marienplatz in Munich during the Beer Hall Putsch.

The Beer Hall Putsch, also known as the Munich Putsch, and, in German, as the Hitlerputsch or Hitler-Ludendorff-Putsch, was a failed coup attempt by the Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler — along with Generalquartiermeister Erich Ludendorff and other Kampfbund leaders — to seize power in Munich, Bavaria, during 8–9 November 1923. About two thousand Nazis marched to the centre of Munich, where they confronted the police, which resulted in the death of 16 Nazis and four police officers. Hitler himself was not wounded during the clash, although he locked his left arm with the right arm of Max Erwin von Scheubner-Richter who, when he was shot and killed, pulled Hitler to the pavement with him. Hitler escaped immediate arrest and was spirited off to safety in the countryside. After two days, Hitler was arrested and charged with treason. (more...)

SELECTED PICTURE

Poster for the nationalist "Black–White–Red" coalition of Alfred Hugenberg (DNVP leader), Franz von Papen and Franz Seldte.
Poster for the nationalist "Black–White–Red" coalition of Alfred Hugenberg (DNVP leader), Franz von Papen and Franz Seldte.

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SELECTED BIOGRAPHY

Friedrich Ebert

Friedrich Ebert

Friedrich Ebert (/ˈbərt/; 4 February 1871 – 28 February 1925) was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the first President of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925.

Ebert was elected leader of the SPD on the death in 1913 of August Bebel. In 1914, shortly after he assumed leadership, the party became deeply divided over Ebert's support of war loans to finance the German war effort in World War I. A moderate social democrat, Ebert was in favour of the Burgfrieden, a political policy that sought to suppress squabbles over domestic issues among political parties during wartime in order to concentrate all forces in society on the successful conclusion of the war effort. He tried to isolate those in the party opposed to the war, but could not prevent a split. (more...)

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Wilhelm II
The war has ended, quite differently indeed from how we expected. Our politicians have failed us miserably.
Wilhelm II, September 1918

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TOPICS

Chronologie of the Weimar Republic
Genesis (1918-1919) :
Formation (1919-1920) :
Normalization :

500,000,000 marks, Dresden, 1923

Demise (1933) :
Armed Forces

War Ensign of the Reichswehr

Politics
Weimar National Assembly • (Weimar Constitution) • Reichstag (Reichstag building), Reichsrat • President of Germany
  • Political parties
Communists : KPD (Young Communist League of Germany, Die Rote Fahne) • KAPD • KPO
Social democratic : USPD • SPD • SAPD
Political Catholic : BVP • Zentrum
Liberal : DDP • DVP • DFP • FVP • NLP
Conservative : DNVP
Right-wing : DFVP
Far-right : DAP • NSDAP
Weimar Coalition
Arts and Culture

1927's Metropolis by Fritz Lang was the first feature length science fiction film in history. It was produced at Studio Babelsberg, Germany.

Scientists (Nobel Prize)

Albert Einstein, official 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics photograph.

Physics : Johannes Stark (1919) • Albert Einstein (1921) • James Franck (1925) • Gustav Hertz (1925) • Werner Karl Heisenberg (1932)
Chemistry : Walther Hermann Nernst (1920)  • Heinrich Otto Wieland (1927) • Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus (1928) • Hans Fischer (1930) • Carl Bosch (1931)  • Friedrich Bergius (1931)
Medicine : Otto Fritz Meyerhof (1922) • Otto Heinrich Warburg (1931)
Economy
Reichsmark • Papiermark • Rentenmark • Hyperinflation
Reichsbank
Symbols
Flag of the Weimar Republic • Das Lied der Deutschen

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