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Vienna, capital of Austria.
Vienna, capital of Austria.
Vienna seal 1926.svg

Vienna (/viˈɛnə/ (About this sound listen); German: Wien, pronounced [viːn] (About this sound listen)) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.8 million (2.6 million within the metropolitan area, nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.

Apart from being regarded as the City of Music because of its musical legacy, Vienna is also said to be "The City of Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psychotherapist – Sigmund Freud. The city's roots lie in early Celtic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city, and then the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is well known for having played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, and the late-19th-century Ringstraße lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.

Vienna is known for its high quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver and San Francisco) for the world's most liveable cities. Between 2011 and 2015, Vienna was ranked second, behind Melbourne. For eight consecutive years (2009–2016), the human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Vienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey of hundreds of cities around the world, a title the city still held in 2016. Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within."

Selected location article

Burgtheater Weitwinkel.jpg

The Burgtheater (en: (Imperial) Court Theatre), originally known as K.K. Theater an der Burg, then until 1918 as the K.K. Hofburgtheater, is the Austrian National Theatre in Vienna and one of the most important German language theatres in the world.

The Burgtheater was created in 1741 and has become known as "die Burg" by the Viennese population; its theatre company of more or less regular members has created a traditional style and speech typical of Burgtheater performances. Read more...

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The districts of Vienna (German: Wiener Gemeindebezirke) are the 23 named city sections of Vienna, Austria, which are numbered for easy reference. They were created from 1850 onwards, when the city area was enlarged by the inclusion of surrounding communities. Although they fill a similar role, Vienna's municipal districts are not administrative districts (Bezirke) as defined by the constitution; Vienna is a statutory city and as such is a single administrative district in its entirety.

The seats of Bezirksvorsteher (political district head) and Bezirksvertretung (district assembly) are located in the respective districts, with the exception of the 14th district, whose political representatives reside in the 13th district (to which much of the 14th had belonged until 1938). The Magistratisches Bezirksamt (district office of the city administration, not headed by the political district head) in four locations combines services for two districts:

  • for the 1st and 8th district in the 1st,
  • for the 4th and 5th district in the 5th,
  • for the 6th and 7th district in the 7th,
  • for the 13th and 14th district in the 13th.

Hence Vienna has 19 district offices.

Selected environment article


The Vienna Woods (German: Wienerwald) are forested highlands that form the northeastern foothills of the Northern Limestone Alps in the states of Lower Austria and Vienna. The 45 kilometres (28 mi) long and 20–30 kilometres (12–19 mi) wide range of hills is heavily wooded and a popular recreation area with the Viennese. Read more...

Selected arts article

Millennium Tower Vienna seen from across the Danube 2006-11-02 099.jpg

The Millennium Tower is the second tallest building and fourth tallest structure in Austria at 171 metres (561 feet). The tower is located at Handelskai 94-96 in the Brigittenau 20th district in Vienna, Austria. An antenna mounted on top of the tower brings the total height to 202 metres (663 feet) but does not count towards the buildings architectural its height.

Millennium Tower was designed by the architects Gustav Peichl, Boris Podrecca and Rudolf Weber. The tower has 51 floors, serves both commercial and residential purposes, and is the focal point of a complex known as "Millennium City". It was completed in 1999 for the coming of the third millennium. The office tower has a gross floor area of 47,200 m2 (508,000 sq ft), of which 38,500 m2 (414,000 sq ft)is used as office space. The remaining area is to 2 levels are generally available and is used for a shopping center (Millennium City), restaurants and a multiplex cinema (UCI). The Millennium Tower was built in an extremely short construction time: Thanks to efficient organization of all work steps and modern building techniques have created an average of 2 ½ floors a week and the building completed in 1999. Read more...

Selected religion article

Joseph Othmar Rauscher.jpg

The Archbishop of Vienna is the prelate of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienna who is concurrently the metropolitan bishop of its ecclesiastical province which includes the dioceses of Eisenstadt, Linz and St. Pölten.

From 1469 to 1513, bishops from elsewhere were appointed as administrators. The first bishop residing in Vienna was Georg von Slatkonia. From 1861 to 1918, the archbishops, as members of the Herrenhaus, were represented in the Reichsrat of Cisleithania and bore the title of a Prince-Archbishop.

The following men were
bishops or archbishops of Vienna
Name from to
Leo von Spaur 1469 1479
Johann Beckensloer 1480 1482
Bernhard von Rohr 1482 1487
Urban Dóczi 1488 1490
Mathias Scheidt 1490 1493
Johann Vitéz 1493 1499
Bernhard von Pollheim 1500 1504
Franz Bakocz 1504 1509
Johannes Gosztónyi de Felsöszeleste 1509 1513
Georg von Slatkonia 1513 1522
Petrus Bonomo 1522 1523
Johann von Revellis 1523 1530
Johann Fabri 1530 1541
Frederic Nausea 1541 1552
Christoph Wertwein 1552 1553
Petrus Canisius (Administrator) 1554 1555
Anton Brus von Müglitz 1558 1563
Urban Sagstetter von Gurk (Administrator) 1563 1568
Johann Caspar Neubeck 1574 1594
Cardinal Melchior Klesl 1598 1630
Anton Wolfradt 1631 1639
Philipp Friedrich Graf Breuner 1639 1669
Wilderich Freiherr von Waldendorff 1669 1680
Emerich Sinelli 1680 1685
Ernest Graf von Trautson 1685 1702
Franz Anton Graf von Harrach 1702 1705
Franz Ferdinand Freiherr von Rummel 1706 1716
Cardinal Sigismund Graf von Kollonitz 1716 1751
Cardinal Johann Joseph Graf von Trautson 1751 1757
Cardinal Christoph Anton Graf Migazzi 1757 1803
Sigismund Anton Graf von Hohenwart 1803 1820
Leopold Maximilian Graf von Firmian 1822 1831
Vincenz Eduard Milde 1832 1853
Cardinal Joseph Othmar Ritter von Rauscher 1853 1875
Cardinal Johann Rudolf Kutschker 1876 1881
Cardinal Cölestin Joseph Ganglbauer 1881 1889
Cardinal Anton Joseph Gruscha 1890 1911
Cardinal Franz Nagl 1911 1913
Cardinal Friedrich Gustav Piffl 1913 1932
Cardinal Theodor Innitzer 1932 1955
Cardinal Franz König 1956 1986
Cardinal Hans Hermann Groër 1986 1995
Cardinal Christoph Graf von Schönborn 1995  

Selected sports article

FK Austria Wien logo.svg

Fußballklub Austria Wien (German pronunciation: [ˈaʊ̯stri̯aː ˈviːn]; known in English as Austria Vienna, and usually shortened to Austria in German-speaking countries), is an Austrian association football club from the capital city of Vienna. It has won the second-most Austrian Bundesliga titles, totalling 24 since the introduction of the Austrian league in 1911–12. Along with its cross-city rival Rapid Wien, it is one of the only sides that have never been relegated from the Austrian top flight. With 27 victories in the Austrian Cup and six in the Austrian Supercup, Austria Wien is also the most successful club in each of those tournaments, and has won the most national titles of any Austrian football club. The club reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final in 1978, and the semi-finals of the European Cup the season after. The club plays at the Franz Horr Stadium, known as the Generali Arena since a 2010 naming rights deal with an Italian insurance company. Read more...

Selected education article

TUWien in Snow.jpg

TU Wien (German: Technische Universität Wien; formerly: k.k. Polytechnisches Institut, Imperial and Royal Polytechnic Institute from 1815–1872; Technische Hochschule (TH Wien), College of Technology from 1872–1975; Vienna University of Technology from 1975–2014) is one of the major universities in Vienna, the capital of Austria.

The university finds high international and domestic recognition in teaching as well as in research, and it is a highly esteemed partner of innovation oriented enterprises. It currently has about 26,200 students (19% foreign students/30% women), eight faculties and about 4,000 staff members (1,800 academics). The university's teaching and research is focused on engineering and natural sciences. Read more...

Selected transportation article

DriveNow is a carsharing service wholly owned by the automotive manufacturer BMW. DriveNow service began in Munich, Germany in June 2011. As of October 2017, DriveNow operated over 6,000 vehicles in nine European countries. Apart from five cities in Germany - Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Düsseldorf, and Cologne - DriveNow is available in Vienna, London, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Brussels, Milan, Helsinki and Lisbon. In October 2017, the company reached the milestone of 1,000,000 customers. DriveNow operates a fleet comprising only vehicles manufactured by subsidiaries of BMW Group including various MINI models (convertible, clubman, countryman) as well as BMW X1, i3, 1 series, and 2 series.

Created as a joint venture between BMW Group and the car rental company Sixt SE holding 50% of shares each, DriveNow became a wholly owned subsidiary of BMW in March 2018. On January 29, 2018, BMW announced that Sixt SE had agreed to sell its 50% stake for c. €209 million. Read more...

Selected biography

Vanessa Brown 1951.JPG

Vanessa Brown (born Smylla Brind, March 24, 1928 – May 21, 1999) was an Austrian-born American actress who was successful in radio, film, theater, and television. Read more...

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