Portal:Victoria

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The VICTORIA PORTAL

Introduction

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Victoria is a state located in the south-eastern corner of Australia. It is the smallest mainland state in area, but the most densely populated and urbanised. Victoria shares borders with New South Wales to the north, South Australia to the west, over the Tasman Sea towards the east, New Zealand, and across Bass Strait to the south, Tasmania

Victoria began in the 1830s as a farming community when the Hentys settled at Portland, Melbourne being founded soon after. With the discovery of gold in 1851 and Victorian independence from New South Wales, it was transformed into a leading industrial and commercial centre of the nation. In 1901, it became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia. Melbourne became the economic centre of both Australia and neighbour New Zealand at the time.

The Victorian economy is the second largest in Australia, accounting for a quarter of the nation's gross domestic product. The total gross state product at current prices for Victoria was at just over A$222 billion, with a GSP per capita of A$44,443. The economy grew by 3.4% in 2004, less than the Australian average of 5.2%. Finance, insurance and property services form Victoria's largest income producing sector, while the community, social and personal services sector is the state's biggest employer. Despite the shift towards service industries, the troubled manufacturing sector remains Victoria's single largest employer and income producer.

Selected article

Shrine of Rememberence, Melbourne
The Shrine of Remembrance, located in Kings Domain on St Kilda Road, Melbourne, was built as a memorial to the men and women of Victoria who served in World War I and is now a memorial to all Australians who have served in war. It is a site of annual observances of ANZAC Day (25 April) and Remembrance Day (11 November) and is one of the largest war memorials in Australia.

Designed by architects Phillip Hudson and James Wardrop who were both World War I veterans, the Shrine is in a classical style, being based on the Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus and the Parthenon in Athens. Built from Tynong granite, the Shrine originally consisted only of the central sanctuary surrounded by the ambulatory. The sanctuary contains the marble Stone of Remembrance, upon which is engraved the words "Greater love hath no man". Once a year, on 11 November at 11 a.m. (Remembrance Day), a ray of sunlight shines through an aperture in the roof to light up the word "Love" in the inscription. Beneath the sanctuary lies the crypt, which contains a bronze statue of a soldier father and son, and panels listing every unit of the First Australian Imperial Force.

In 2002-2003 a Visitor Centre was built within the foundations of the Shrine. The visitor centre designed by Ashton Raggatt McDougall incorporates an education centre, an audio-visual centre, gallery space, a retail shop and an administration office, as well the Hall of Columns, Gallery of Medals, entry courtyard and Remembrance Garden. The walls of both the entry courtyard and Remembrance Garden have been built to complement the Ray of Light ceremony that takes place on 11 November of every year.

Selected picture

Lakes Entrance, Victoria, Australia
Credit: Fir0002

Lakes Entrance is a tourist resort and fishing port in eastern Victoria, Australia. It is situated 320 kilometres east of Melbourne near a managed, naturally occurring channel connecting the Gippsland Lakes to the Bass Strait. At the 2006 census, Lakes Entrance had a population of 4093. Lakes Entrance, which lies almost at sea level, can be accessed from Melbourne via Bairnsdale and the town of Kalimna to the north west by a stretch of the Princes Highway, which snakes down and around a point protruding into the Gippsland Lakes known as "Jemmy's Point".

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In the news

  • August 12: Australia: Victorian government to trial driverless vehicles on public roads
  • May 25: Victorian premier apologises for history of criminalisation of homosexuality
  • June 11: 16-year-old girl charged with attempted murder in Melbourne, Australia
  • April 14: Australian charged with murder of two after 24 years
  • December 20: Australian rules football: 2010 Gippsland Football League round 15 - Leongatha v Traralgon
Victoria on Wikinews
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Selected biography

Bill Johnston
William Arras Johnston (26 February 1922–24 May 2007) was an Australian cricketer who played in forty Test matches from 1947 to 1955. A left arm pace bowler, as well as a left arm orthodox spinner, Johnston was best known as a spearhead of Don Bradman's undefeated 1948 touring team, well known as "The Invincibles". Johnston headed the wicket-taking lists in both Test and first-class matches on the tour, and was the last Australian to take over 100 wickets on a tour of England. In recognition of his performances, he was named by Wisden as one of its Cricketers of the Year in 1949. The publication stated that "no Australian made a greater personal contribution to the playing success of the 1948 side".

Regarded by Bradman as Australia's greatest-ever left-arm bowler, Johnston was noted for his endurance in bowling pace with the new ball and spin when the ball had worn. He became the fastest bowler to reach 100 Test wickets in 1951–52, at the time averaging less than nineteen with the ball.

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Frank Beaurepaire

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