Portal:University of Cambridge

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The University of Cambridge portal

University of Cambridge coat of arms official version.svg

The University of Cambridge (formally The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge) is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, England. Founded in 1209 and granted a Royal Charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university. The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople. The two medieval universities share many common features and are often referred to jointly as "Oxbridge". The history and influence of the University of Cambridge has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Cambridge is formed from a variety of institutions which include 31 constituent Colleges and over 100 academic departments organised into six schools. Cambridge University Press, a department of the university, is the world's oldest publishing house and the second-largest university press in the world. The university also operates eight cultural and scientific museums, including the Fitzwilliam Museum, as well as a botanic garden. Cambridge's libraries hold a total of around 15 million books, eight million of which are in Cambridge University Library, a legal deposit library.

In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2017, the university had a total income of £1.71 billion, of which £458 million was from research grants and contracts. The central university and colleges have a combined endowment of around £4.9 billion, the second largest of any university in the UK. As of May 28 2018 the University's Endowment plus Assets were valued at 4.9 billion pounds. College Endowments plus Net Assets came to 6.9 billion, Guardian Newspaper, "Oxford and Cambridge have 21 billion pounds in assets." The university is closely linked with the development of the high-tech business cluster known as "Silicon Fen". It is a member of numerous associations and forms part of the "golden triangle" of leading English universities and Cambridge University Health Partners, an academic health science centre.

As of September 2017, Cambridge is ranked the world's second best university by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and is ranked 3rd worldwide by Academic Ranking of World Universities, 6th by QS, and 7th by US News. According to the Times Higher Education ranking, no other institution in the world ranks in the top 10 for as many subjects. The university has educated many notable alumni, including eminent mathematicians, scientists, politicians, lawyers, philosophers, writers, actors and foreign Heads of State. As of October 2018, 118 Nobel Laureates, 11 Fields Medalists, 6 Turing Award winners and 15 British Prime Ministers have been affiliated with Cambridge as students, alumni, faculty or research staff.

Selected article

An MA hood
In the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin, the degree of Master of Arts or "Master in Arts" ("MA") is awarded to Bachelors of Arts of those universities on application after six or seven years' seniority as members of the university (including years as an undergraduate). There is no examination or study required for the degree beyond those required for the BA. This practice differs from that in most other universities worldwide, for whom the degree reflects further postgraduate study or achievement, and these degrees thus are frequently referred to as the "Oxbridge MA" and "Dublin" or "Trinity MA" to differentiate them. The Oxbridge MA is based on a system of academic rank rather than academic qualifications. Once one has been incepted/promoted to MA, they technically are no longer a BA and cannot say that they are both at the same time nor wear the academicals pertaining to the BA degree. All three universities have other masters' degrees that require further study and examination, but these have other titles, e.g. Master of Letters (MLitt), Master of Philosophy (MPhil), Master of Science (MSc) etc. (more...)

Selected biography

James Chadwick

James Chadwick (1891–1974) was an English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of the neutron, and who led the British team that worked on the Manhattan Project during the Second World War to produce atomic bombs. He studied under Ernest Rutherford in Manchester and Hans Geiger in Berlin, where he demonstrated that beta radiation produced a continuous spectrum, not discrete lines as had been thought. He later became Rutherford's assistant director of research at the Cavendish Laboratory of the University of Cambridge. Chadwick's research led to his discovery of the neutron in 1932; he later measured its mass. In 1935 he became a professor at the University of Liverpool, which he made an important centre for the study of nuclear physics. During the Second World War, Chadwick carried out research as part of the Tube Alloys project to build an atomic bomb, and wrote the final draft of the MAUD Report, which inspired the U.S. government to begin serious atomic bomb research efforts. He later served as the British scientific advisor to the U.N. Atomic Energy Commission and as Master of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. (Full article...)

Selected image

The main entrance to the Fitzwilliam Museum, the art and antiquities museum of the University of Cambridge.
Credit: Andrew Dunn
The main entrance to the Fitzwilliam Museum, the art and antiquities museum of the University of Cambridge.

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The King to Oxford sent a troop of horse,
For Tories own no argument but force:
With equal skill to Cambridge books he sent,
For Whigs admit no force but argument.

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The Great Court of King's College, Cambridge
Credit: Mark Williamson
The Great Court of King's College, Cambridge

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  • Adjust Cambridge College information Boxes to include the same information as Oxford College Information Boxes
  • Tag all relevant articles
  • Assess all tagged articles
  • Create list of tagged articles
  • Improve Portal:University of Cambridge
  • Push University of Cambridge to FA status
  • Start to convert our many stub class articles to something a bit more concrete
  • A barnstar to recognise contributions would be good. Something like: Template:University Barnstar

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