Portal:United States Marine Corps

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The United States Marine Corps portal

Emblem of the United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines or U.S. Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations with the United States Navy as well as the Army and Air Force. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the four armed service branches in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

The Marine Corps has been a component of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834, working closely with naval forces. The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers.

The history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting both at sea and on shore. In the Pacific theater of World War II the Corps took the lead in a massive campaign of amphibious warfare, advancing from island to island. As of 2017, the USMC has around 186,000 active duty members and some 38,500 personnel in reserve. It is the smallest U.S. military service within the DoD.

This month in USMC history

Did you know...?

  • ... on June 6, 1918 at the Battle of Belleau Wood in World War I, more Marines were killed in action on that single day (31 officers and 1,056 Marines) than the combined total of the entire history of Marine Corps.
  • ... During World War I, the Marine Corps grew to 75,000, more than seven times it's pre-war size.
  • ... Phil and Don Everly of the music duet The Everly Brothers both served in the Marines.
  • ... Sergeant Faustin E. Wirkus was crowned king of La Gonâve, an Island in Haiti, in 1926 and ruled until his detachment returned home in 1929. As king, Faustin made many reforms on the island and his rule was noted as a "peaceful and flourishing time."
  • ... the term "Leatherneck" for a Marine came from 1798, when the Marine Corps began issuing "one stock of black leather and clasp" to Marines. The band of leather was used to protect the neck when fighting with swords.
  • ... Archibald Henderson, the Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps, established the idea of the Marines as “ready to fight”, however, in his time, fighting units were formed by gathering up Marines from Navy ships and shore stations.
  • ... Until 1900, the size of the Corps had never exceeded 3,000 Marines and had been armed almost entirely with rifles.
  • ... before "Semper Fidelis" became the Marine Corps official motto in 1883, there were three unofficial mottos: "By Sea and by Land," "Fortitudine," and "To the shores of Tripoli."
  • ... Marine Corps pilots are now flying more flight hours per pilot than the U.S. Air Force Pilots. See Marine Corps Times Feb 15, 2018
  • ... Overcoming nerve damage to his hand from the Battle of Iwo Jima, in 1992, Colonel Charles Waterhouse became the only Marine to receive the title "USMC Artist-in-Residence".

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Selected biography


Kyle Carpenter 140618-M-LI307-0155.jpg

Cpl William Kyle Carpenter (USMC retired) is the youngest living Medal of Honor recipient. On November 21, 2010, in Marjah, Helmand province, Afghanistan, then LCpl. Carpenter was serving the squad automatic rifleman for his fire team in Company F, 2nd Battalion, 9th Marine Regiment.[1] Carpenter, along with his team, were fighting off a Taliban attack in a small village. He and fellow Marine, LCpl. Eufrazio were holding a rooftop security position when a hand grenade was thrown their way. Without hesitation, Carpenter reacted, rushing toward the grenade shielding Eufrazio from the blast, and saving his life. The grenade detonated with Carpenter's body taking the majority of the blast.

On June 19, 2014, in recognition of Carpenter's heroic actions in Afghanistan, he was awarded the Medal of Honor by President Barack Obama.

References

  1. ^ "White House Announces Marine to Receive Medal of Honor". Marine Corps Connection. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2015-12-23.

Selected quote

"[The Marine Corps] must be the most ready when the nation is generally least ready … to provide a balanced force in readiness for a naval campaign and, at the same time, a ground and air striking force ready to suppress or contain international disturbances short of large-scale war."

—Congressional Mandate, 82nd Congress, 1952

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