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Portal:Ukraine

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Welcome to the Ukraine Portal

Flag of Ukraine
The small coat of arms of Ukraine, the Tryzub
Location of Ukraine on the map of Europe

Ukraine (/juːˈkrn/ (About this sound listen) yew-KRAYN; Ukrainian: Україна; transliterated: 'Ukrayina'; [ukrɑˈjinɑ]) is a country in Central and Eastern Europe. Ukraine borders the Russian Federation to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after the Russian Federation.

From at least the ninth century, the territory of Ukraine was a centre of medieval East Slavic civilization that formed the state that became known as Kievan Rus' and for the following several centuries the territory was divided between a number of regional powers. After a brief period of independence (1917-1921) following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Ukraine became one of the founding Soviet Republics in 1922. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic's territory was enlarged westward after the Second World War and finally in 1954 with the Crimea transfer. Ukraine became independent again when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991.

Ukraine is a unitary state composed of 27 regions: 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic (Crimea), and two cities with special status: Kiev, its capital and largest city, and Sevastopol, which, along with Crimea, is disputed between Ukraine and Russia. Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine continues to maintain the second largest military in Europe, after that of Russia. The country is home to 46 million people, 77.8 percent of whom are ethnic Ukrainians, with sizable minorities of Russians (17%), Belarusians and Romanians. The Ukrainian language is the official language in Ukraine. Russian is also widely spoken. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has heavily influenced Ukrainian architecture, literature and music.

Featured article

The reconstructed St. Michael's Golden-Domed Cathedral with its belltower as seen in 2005.

St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery (Ukrainian: Михайлівський золотоверхий монастир; translit.: 'Mykhaylivs’kyi zolotoverkhyi monastyr') is a functioning monastery in Kiev, Ukraine. The monastery is located on the Western side of the Dnieper River on the edge of a bluff northeast of the St. Sophia Cathedral. The site is located in the historic and administrative Uppertown and overlooks the city's historical commercial and merchant quarter, the Podil neighbourhood.

Originally built in the Middle Ages by Sviatopolk II Iziaslavych, the monastery comprises the Cathedral itself, the refectory of St. John the Divine, built in 1713, the Economic Gates, constructed in 1760 and the monastery's bell tower, which was added circa 1716–1719. The exterior of the structure was rebuilt in the Ukrainian Baroque style in the 18th century while the interior remained in its original Byzantine style. The cathedral was demolished by the Soviet authorities in the 1930s, but was recently reconstructed after Ukraine gained its independence.

Selected picture

Zbarazh Castle.

Zbarazh (Ukrainian: Збараж, Polish: Zbaraż, Yiddish: Zbarj) is a small city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Zbarazh Raion (district), and is located in the historic region of Galicia. The major attraction of the city is the Zbarazh Castle that played a key role during the Khmelnytsky Uprising, the heroic defense of which eventually led to change of momentum and extinguishing the Cossack revolt.


Photo credit: plf16

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Mykola Leontovych
Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle

Selected painting

Konstiantyn Trutovsky.  By the water well.

By the water well Konstiantyn Trutovsky

Konstiantyn Trutovsky was a Ukrainian realist painter and graphic artist. His artistic heritage includes numerous genre screens on Ukrainian themes. Trutovsky was interested in ethnography and depicted colorful Ukrainian folk customs, not shying away from "a dash of good humour".

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  1. Tetyana Yablonska photograph or painting?
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  3. A picture of the ministry of defense building.

Selected anniversaries for November

  • November 11—November 12, 1918 — Battle of Przemyśl was fought between Polish and Ukrainian forces.
  • November 24, 2007 - the official day of remembrance for people who died as a result of Holodomor and political repression.

Main topics

History List of Ukrainian rulersEarly East SlavsKievan Rus'Mongol invasionHalych-VolyniaGrand Duchy of LithuaniaPolish-Lithuanian CommonwealthCossack eraImperial RussiaAustrian GaliciaUkrainian People's RepublicWestern Ukrainian RepublicUkrainian SSRIndependent Ukraine ...
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Central Election CommissionElectionsReferendumsGovernmentVerkhovna RadaPolitical partiesPresidentCabinet of MinistersPrime MinisterForeign relations... ...

Religion History of ChristianityUkrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)Ukrainian Greek Catholic ChurchRoman Catholicism in UkraineUkrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev PatriarchateUkrainian Autocephalous Orthodox ChurchIslam in UkraineJudaism in Ukraine ...
Law ConstitutionJudicial systemConstitutional CourtSupreme CourtProsecutor General
Armed forces Chief directorate of intelligence of the Ministry of DefenceForeign Intelligence ServiceSecurity ServiceMinistry of Internal AffairsBerkutState Border Guard ServiceUkrainian Air ForceUkrainian NavySea Guard ...
Administrative divisions Historical regionsList of Ukrainian territories: by area · by populationList of raionsLists of cities: by population · by subdivisionList of urban-type settlementsList of villages ...
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Culture

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Ukraine on Wikinews     Ukraine on Wikiquote     Ukraine on Wikibooks     Ukraine on Wikisource     Ukraine on Wikicommons
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