Portal:Tuvalu

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Introduction

Flag of Tuvalu.svg

Tuvalu (/tˈvɑːl/ (About this sound listen) too-VAH-loo or /ˈtvəl/ TOO-və-loo), formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, about midway between Hawaii and Australia, lying east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (belonging to the Solomons), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna and north of Fiji. It comprises three reef islands and six true atolls spread out between the latitude of to 10° south and longitude of 176° to 180°, west of the International Date Line. Tuvalu has a population of 10,640 (2012 census). Situated in Oceania, the total land area of the islands of Tuvalu is 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi).

The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians. The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from Samoa and Tonga into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping stone to migration into the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia and Micronesia.

Selected article

NASA orbital photo of Funafuti Atoll

The Funafuti Conservation Area is a marine conservation area created in 1999 that covers 33 square kilometers (12.74 square miles) of ocean, reef, lagoon and motu (islets) on the western side of Funafuti atoll, south of Tepuka islet (highlighted on photo).

The islets are nesting sites for the green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) and Fualopa islet hosts a breeding colony of black noddy (Anous minutus). The boundaries of the Funafuti Conservation Area encompass about 20 percent of the total coral reef area of Funafuti lagoon and 40% of the remaining native broadleaf forest. (More...)

Selected biography

Sir Iakoba Italeli, GCMG, was appointed the Governor-General of Tuvalu on 16 April 2010. From 2006 to 2010 he was Minister of Education, Sports and Health, in the government of the Prime Minister of Tuvalu, Apisai Ielemia.

Italeli was elected to represent Nui in the Parliament of Tuvalu on a non-partisan basis; this lack of alignment is not unusual in the politics of Tuvalu; unusually for Tuvalu, Italeli represented a constituency where trilingualism is a feature, since many inhabitants of Nui originate from Kiribati, and thus speak Gilbertese, in addition to Tuvaluan and English, the fluency of which varies among local people.

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Selected picture

A Tuvaluan meal

The cuisine of Tuvalu is based on the staple of coconut and the many species of fish found in the ocean and the lagoons of the atolls of Tuvalu. Pulaka, (Cyrtosperma merkusii), or swamp taro, is an important source of carbohydrates. Rice now forms an important part of the diet. Coconut is used in different forms with coconut water, coconut milk and the flesh of the coconut being used to flavour dishes. Various desserts made on the islands include coconut and coconut milk, instead of animal milk.

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  • A traditional sport played in Tuvalu is kilikiti, which is similar to cricket.

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