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Tuvalu (/tˈvɑːl/ (About this sound listen) too-VAH-loo or /ˈtvəl/ TOO-və-loo), formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island country located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania, about midway between Hawaii and Australia. It lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (belonging to the Solomons), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna and north of Fiji. It comprises three reef islands and six true atolls spread out between the latitude of to 10° south and longitude of 176° to 180°, west of the International Date Line. Tuvalu has a population of 10,640 (2012 census). The total land area of the islands of Tuvalu is 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi).

The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians. The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from Samoa and Tonga into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping stone to migration into the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia and Micronesia.

Selected article

Enele Sopoaga, Prime Minister of Tuvalu from 2014.

Enele Sopoaga has been the Prime Minister of Tuvalu since 2013. Before entering parliament Sopoaga work in the Ministry of Social Services and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Sopoaga served as Tuvalu's High Commissioner to Fiji and as Tuvalu’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations. He has also served as the Vice-Chairman of the Alliance of Small Island States. He has been described as "Tuvalu's climate change negotiator", tasked with raising the profile of the dangers posed by climate change in Tuvalu and other small island nations. He served as the main spokesman for these nations at the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, and was one of the chief negotiators for global action on climate change, with Tuvalu receiving attention for its strong advocacy on the issue. Sopoaga was appointed the lead spokesperson for the Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) in Paris.

Sopoaga was elected to Parliament in the 2010 general election. He served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, the Environment and Labour in Prime Minister Maatia Toafa's short-lived government from September to December 2010. Following a change of government he became the leader of the opposition. In August 2013, the government of Willy Telavi ended following a motion of no confidence. Sopoaga was elected as prime minister and appointed his ministry. He remained as prime minister following the result of the Tuvaluan general election, 2015 (More...)

Selected biography

Sir Iakoba Italeli, GCMG, was appointed the Governor-General of Tuvalu on 16 April 2010. From 2006 to 2010 he was Minister of Education, Sports and Health, in the government of the Prime Minister of Tuvalu, Apisai Ielemia.

Italeli was elected to represent Nui in the Parliament of Tuvalu on a non-partisan basis; this lack of alignment is not unusual in the politics of Tuvalu; unusually for Tuvalu, Italeli represented a constituency where trilingualism is a feature, since many inhabitants of Nui originate from Kiribati, and thus speak Gilbertese, in addition to Tuvaluan and English, the fluency of which varies among local people.


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  • A traditional sport played in Tuvalu is kilikiti, which is similar to cricket.

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