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Togo (officially the Togolese Republic) is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. It extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, on which the capital Lomé is located. Togo covers an area of approximately 57,000 square kilometres (22,000 sq mi) with a population of approximately 6.7 million.

Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan nation, highly dependent on agriculture, with a climate that provides good growing seasons. The official language is French; however, there are many other languages spoken in Togo. Approximately one half of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.

Togo gained its independence from France in 1960. In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup, after which he became president. At the time of his death in 2005, Eyadéma was the longest-serving leader in African history, after having been president for 38 years. In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé was elected president.

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Lomé, with an estimated population of 737,751, is the capital and largest city of Togo. Located on the Gulf of Guinea, Lomé is the country's administrative and industrial center and its chief port. The city exports coffee, cocoa, copra, and palm kernels. It also has an oil refinery.

The city was founded in the eighteenth century by the Ewe people. Its population grew rapidly in the second half of the twentieth century. With approximately 30,000 inhabitants in 1950, by 1960 (the year Togo gained its independence from France) the population had reached 80,000 and 200,000 by 1970. From 1975, investments were increasingly huge, but not always in areas which had been targeted for development, and Togo was a hub of trade between its more powerful neighbors.

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Transport in Togo.jpg
Credit: Ferdinand Reus

Transportation in Togo.

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In the news


Wikinews Togo portal
  • September 9: Vietnam's Le Van Cong wins gold in men's -49kg powerlifting at Rio Paralympics
  • March 7: Two candidates in Togo elections claim victory; votes counted
  • March 7: Polio vaccination campaign targets 85 million African children
  • January 11: Angolan police arrest two after attack on Togo football team
  • January 8: Togo footballers ambushed in Angola
  • July 22: Switzerland too much for Togo in Group G
  • July 22: France qualify with 2-0 win over Togo in Group G
  • June 24: Togo unanimously vote to abolish the death penalty
  • May 23: English football: Adebayor signs new Arsenal contract
  • June 13: Korea Republic win 2-1 against Togo in Group G



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Faure Gnassingbé 29112006.jpg

Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé (born June 6, 1966) has been the President of Togo since May 4, 2005. A son of President Gnassingbé Eyadéma, he was appointed to the government by his father, serving as Minister of Equipment, Mines, Posts, and Telecommunications from 2003 to 2005. When Eyadéma died on February 5, 2005, Gnassingbé was immediately installed as President with support from the army. Doubts regarding the constitutional legitimacy of the succession led to heavy regional pressure being placed on Gnassingbé, and he resigned on February 25. He then won a controversial presidential election on April 24 and was sworn in as President again. Gnassingbé is also the National President of the Rally of the Togolese People (RPT).

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