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The Texas Portal

Flag of Texas

Texas (Spanish: Texas or Tejas [ˈtexas]) is the second most populous and second largest state by area of the 50 states in the United States of America. Geographically located in the south central part of the country, Texas shares borders with the other U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and an international border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León and Tamaulipas to the southwest, along with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States, while San Antonio is the second largest in the state and seventh largest in the United States. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest United States metropolitan statistical areas, respectively. Other major cities include Austin (the state capital) and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed the Lone Star State to signify Texas as a former independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state flag and on the Texan state seal. The origin of the state name, Texas, is from the word, "Tejas", which means 'friends' in the Caddo language.

Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes that resemble both the American South and Southwest. Although popularly associated with the Southwestern deserts, less than 10 percent of Texas' land area is desert. Most of the population centers are located in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend.

Selected article

The Tower, University of Texas at Austin (ca 1980).jpg

The University of Texas at Austin, often called UT or Texas, is the flagship institution for the State Of Texas. The main campus is located less than a mile from the Texas State Capitol in Austin. Founded in 1883, the university is considered to be a "Public Ivy," and was the fifth largest single-campus in the nation by enrollment in the fall of 2005, with upwards of 50,000 students and 20,000 faculty and staff.

The university also operates various auxiliary facilities located away from the main campus, most notably the J.J. Pickle Research Campus. Texas is a major center for academic research, annually exceeding $380 million in funding. In addition, the University's athletic programs are notable, as demonstrated by Texas's recognition as "America's Best Sports College" in a 2002 analysis performed by Sports Illustrated. In January 2006, Texas won the Division I-A national football championship by beating the USC Trojans in the Rose Bowl. The University of Texas at Austin has a network of over 450,000 living alumni, one of the largest of any American university.

Selected biography

David koresh.jpg

David Koresh was born Vernon Wayne Howell (August 17, 1959 – April 19, 1993). He was the self-proclaimed head of the Branch Davidians from 1988 until a 1993 raid by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms and subsequent siege by the Federal Bureau of Investigation ended with the burning of Branch Davidian ranch, the Mount Carmel Center.

David Koresh was born in Houston, Texas to a 15-year-old single mother. He never knew his father and was raised by his grandparents. Koresh described his early childhood as lonely, saying that the other kids teased him and called him "Vernie". As a young boy, he was abused by his stepfather. A poor student because of dyslexia, Koresh dropped out of high school.

Texas news

Wikinews Texas portal
  • October 24: Five United States ex-presidents raise relief funds at hurricane event
  • August 28: Many in Texas still reeling following hurricane Harvey
  • August 7: Former Governor of Texas Mark White dies aged 77
  • June 17: to acquire Whole Foods at US$42 per share

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Selected picture

Old Main, Baylor University.jpg
Credit: User:Aboxorocks
Old Main and Burelson, Baylor University.

Spotlight city

US Highway 83 in McAllen, Texas.jpg

McAllen is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas. It is located at the very southern tip of Texas in an area known as the Rio Grande Valley. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 106,414. Its southern boundary is located about five miles from the United States-Mexico border, the Rio Grande River.

McAllen is known as the “City of Palms” for the thousands of palm trees that dot the local landscape. A center for international commerce and trade, McAllen is a major gateway to Mexico and the countries of Central America. The city’s population nearly doubled from October through March, as retirees descend upon the area. These “Winter Texans” come to enjoy the tropical climate, Mexican culture, square dancing, golf courses and other unique recreational outdoor opportunities.

State symbols


Flag of Texas.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Texas, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Texas.




Federally protected areas
San Jacinto Monument seen from the USS Texas
Alamo Mission in San Antonio
Fort Sam Houston
King Ranch
San Jacinto Monument
Texas State Capitol
USS Texas (BB-35)
Presidential libraries
George Bush Presidential Library
George W. Bush Presidential Library
Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum
Battle of Palo Alto historical marker
Historic places
Adolphus Hotel
Barton Springs
Hotel Paso del Norte
Caverns of Sonora
Dealey Plaza
Eisenhower Birthplace Historic Site
El Camino Real de los Tejas Historic Trail
Fair Park
Fort Concho
Fort Davis Historic Site
Lyndon B. Johnson Historical Park
Mission San Juan Capistrano
Natural Bridge Caverns
Palo Alto Battlefield Historic Site
Plaza Hotel (El Paso, Texas)
San Antonio Missions Historical Park
Strand Historic Landmark District

Eagle Point, Caprock Canyons State Park

Texas topics

Statistics: Population

Related pages


Texas on Wikinews
Texas on Wikiquote
Texas on Commons
Texas on Wikisource
Texas on Wikibooks
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