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Tennis is a sport played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players each (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a ball, a hollow rubber sphere covered in felt, over a net into the opponent's court. Tennis used to be called lawn tennis to distinguish it from its predecessor real tennis (also known as royal tennis, court tennis or jeu de paume), a form of the game played indoors on a different kind of a court. Originating in England in the late 19th century, the game spread first throughout the English-speaking world, particularly among the upper classes. Tennis is played in the Summer Olympic Games and at all levels of society, by individuals of all ages many countries around the world. Its rules have remained largely unchanged since the 1890s. Along with its millions of players, tennis claims millions of people who follow the sport as spectators, being particularly interested in the four Grand Slam tournaments.

Upcoming tournaments in November

Week Month Tour Points Tournament Surface Town Country
45 November ATP 500 Swiss Indoors Hard (i) Basel Switzerland
45 November ATP 1000 Paris Masters Hard (i) Paris France
47 November ATP 1500 ATP World Tour Finals Hard (i) London United Kingdom

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Official Australian Open logo
The Australian Open is one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments to be held each year. It is held each January at Melbourne Park. The tournament was held for the first time in 1905. Like the other three Grand Slam events, it was contested by top-ranked amateur players and known as the Australasian Championships until 1926 then the Australian Championships until the advent of open era in 1968. Originally based at the grass courts at Kooyong in the city of Melbourne's inner south-east, the tournament was in danger of fading into irrelevance before being revived in 1988 with a shift to Melbourne Park (then called Flinders Park), a new (Rebound Ace) hardcourt venue next to the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the southern fringe of the central business district. Mats Wilander was the only player to win the tournament both on grass and on Rebound Ace. However, in 2008, the Rebound Ace surface, which had by then been in place for 20 years, was replaced by a cushioned acrylic surface known as Plexicushion.

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Australian tennis player Lewis Hoad.jpg
Lew Hoad (23 November 1934 – 3 July 1994) was an Australian former World No. 1 tennis player.

In his 1979 autobiography, Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, ranked Hoad as one of the 21 best players of all time. For five straight years, beginning in 1952, he was ranked in the world top 10 for amateurs, reaching the World No. 1 spot in 1956. Hoad was a member of the Australian team that between 1952 and 1956 won the Davis Cup four times. He turned professional in July 1957.

Hoad won four majors as an amateur, and won the 1959 Tournament of Champions as a professional. Rod Laver, writing for the Herald-Sun newspaper in 2012, ranked Lew as the greatest player of the 'Past Champions' era of tennis. Laver described his strengths of "power, volleying and explosiveness" as justification of his accolade. Serious back problems plagued Hoad throughout his career, particularly after he turned professional, and led to his effective retirement from tennis in 1967 although he made sporadic comebacks enticed by the advent of the open era in 1968.

Following his retirement Hoad and his wife Jenny operated a tennis resort, Lew Hoad's Campo de Tenis in Fuengirola, Spain, near Málaga. Hoad died of leukemia on 3 July 1994.

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Li na 2007 sydney medibank international.jpg Li Na at the 2007 Medibank International in Sydney, Australia.


  • 5 June 2016 – Novak Djokovic wins the 12th Grand Slam title of his career and achieves a Career Grand slam by defeating world No. 2 Andy Murray in the 2016 French Open in four sets, 3–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–4. Djokovic became the 8th player in history and 4th player in open era (since 1968) to complete a Career Grand Slam, and the second player in the open era to hold all four Grand Slam titles at the same time.

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