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Sydney from Darling Harbour
Coat of arms of Sydney
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Sydney Portal
Coat of arms of Sydney
Welcome to the
Sydney Portal


Flag of the City of Sydney
Satellite image of Sydney
Map of Greater Sydney
Map of New South Wales showing location of Greater Sydney
Map showing location of New South Wales in Australia

Sydney (English: /ˈsɪdˈn/) is the state capital of New South Wales. With a population of over 4 million people, it is the most populous city in Australia. Sydney is located on the east coast of Australia.

The traditional custodians of the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians. Radiocarbon dating suggests that they have occupied the area in and around Sydney for at least 30,000 years. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans. The area was established by Europeans in 1788 when Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove and claimed Australia for the British. Built around Sydney Harbour, Sydney is known in Australia as the "Harbour City", and structures on the Harbour such as the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge are globally recognised icons of the city.

Sydney has one of the world’s most recognizable skylines, thanks to various iconic landmarks. Its famous harbour is commonly referred to as the most beautiful natural harbour in the world, it is also one of the largest. Sydney is also one of the 10 Beta global cities (along with San Francisco, Toronto and Zurich) exerting significant regional, national, and international influence and notable for its climate, sandy beaches, culture, world class hotels and renowned landmarks. Sydney is also a major domestic and international tourist destination. It is one of the busiest trading and financial centres in the Asia Pacific region. Sydney significantly raised its global profile in recent years as the host city of the 2000 Olympics.

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Ko-hyoteki Sydney.jpg
The World War II Attack on Sydney Harbour occurred in late May and early June 1942, when submarines belonging to the Imperial Japanese Navy made a series of attacks on the cities of Sydney and Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia. On the night of 31 May – 1 June, three Ko-hyoteki class midget submarines, each with a two-member crew, entered Sydney Harbour, avoided the partially constructed Sydney Harbour anti-submarine boom net, and attempted to sink Allied warships. After being detected and attacked, the crews of two of the midget submarines scuttled their boats and committed suicide without engaging Allied vessels. The third attempted to torpedo the heavy cruiser USS Chicago but instead sank the converted ferry HMAS Kuttabul, killing 21 sailors.

Immediately following the raid the five Japanese fleet submarines that carried the midget submarines to Australia embarked on a campaign to disrupt merchant shipping in eastern Australian waters. Over the next month the submarines attacked at least seven merchant vessels, sinking three. As part of this campaign, during the early morning of 8 June two of the submarines bombarded the ports of Sydney and Newcastle.

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Flying Duck Orchid, a flower that resembles a duck in flight

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