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Portal:Star Trek

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Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment franchise created by Gene Roddenberry and currently under the ownership of CBS. The franchise began in 1966 with the television series Star Trek, later referred to as Star Trek: The Original Series. This series, its spin-off shows: Star Trek: The Animated Series, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager and Star Trek: Enterprise, as well as the film series make up the core of the franchise's mythos. While the critical response to much of the franchise varies, many individual Star Trek episodes and films have won awards and honors including Emmy Awards, Hugo Awards and an Academy Award.

Westerns such as Wagon Train, along with the Horatio Hornblower novels and Gulliver's Travels, inspired Roddenberry when he created the first Star Trek. It followed the interstellar adventures of James T. Kirk and the crew of an exploration vessel of a 23rd century galactic "United Federation of Planets" — the Starship Enterprise. This first series, now referred to as "The Original Series", debuted in 1966 and ran for three seasons on NBC. These adventures continued in the short-lived Star Trek: The Animated Series and six feature films. Four spin-off television series were eventually produced: Star Trek: The Next Generation, followed the crew of a new Starship Enterprise set a century after the original series; Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: Voyager, set contemporaneously with The Next Generation; and Star Trek: Enterprise, set before the original series, in the early days of human interstellar travel. Four additional The Next Generation feature films were produced. In 2009, the prequel of the original series (set in an alternate timeline) Star Trek featuring a new cast portraying younger versions of the crew from the original Enterprise appeared. A sequel to this film, Star Trek Into Darkness, premiered on May 16, 2013.

Star Trek has been a cult phenomenon since its beginning. Fans of the franchise are called Trekkies or Trekkers. The franchise spans a wide range of spin-offs including games, figurines, novels, toys, and comics. Star Trek had a themed attraction in Las Vegas which opened in 1998 and closed in September 2008. At least two museum exhibits of props travel the world. The series even has its own full-fledged constructed language, Klingon. Several parodies have been made of Star Trek and its fans, despite the end of Star Trek episodes on TV, and several fan productions have been produced in that void.

Star Trek is noted for its influence on the world outside of science fiction. It has been cited as an inspiration for several technological inventions such as the cell phone. Moreover, the show is noted for its progressive civil rights stances. The original series included one of television's first multiracial casts, and the first inter-racial kiss in a drama series on American television. Star Trek references can be found throughout popular culture from movies such as the submarine thriller Crimson Tide to the cartoon series South Park.

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William Shatner as Captain James T. Kirk
"Where No Man Has Gone Before" is the second pilot episode of the television series Star Trek. It was produced in 1965 after the first pilot, "The Cage," had been rejected by NBC. Reportedly, Lucille Ball, who owned Desilu Studios (where the pilot was produced), persuaded NBC management to consider a second pilot, thereby exercising a special option agreement it had with Desilu, because she liked Roddenberry and believed in the project. The episode was eventually broadcast third in sequence on September 22, 1966, and re-aired on April 20, 1967. On July 12, 1969 it was the first episode to be shown in the UK by the BBC. "Where No Man Has Gone Before" was written by Samuel A. Peeples, directed by James Goldstone, and filmed in July 1965. It was the first episode of Star Trek to feature William Shatner as Captain James Kirk, James Doohan as Chief Engineer Montgomery Scott (later called "Scotty"), and George Takei as Lt. Sulu (the ship's physicist, which character became helmsman in subsequent episodes). An original cut was thought lost, but has been recovered and placed onto home media releases. The episode title was adopted as the final phrase in the opening voice-over which famously characterizes the series and has since entered popular culture.

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Credit: NBC Television

Captain James T. Kirk (William Shatner) and Miramanee (Sabrina Scharf) from the Star Trek: The Original Series episode "The Paradise Syndrome".

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Director Leonard Nimoy, in 2011
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home is a 1986 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. It is the fourth feature film based in the Star Trek franchise and completes the story arc begun two films earlier. The former crew of the USS Enterprise finds Earth in grave danger from an alien probe attempting to contact humpback whales. After directing The Search for Spock, cast member Leonard Nimoy was asked to direct, and given greater freedom regarding content. Nimoy and Harve Bennett conceived a story with an environmental message and no clear-cut villain. Dissatisfied with the first screenplay, Paramount hired The Wrath of Khan writer and director Nicholas Meyer. The Voyage Home was shot extensively on location; many real settings and buildings were used as stand-ins for scenes set around and in the city of San Francisco. Special effects firm Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) assisted in postproduction and the film's special effects. The Voyage Home premiered on November 26, 1986, becoming the top-grossing film in the weekend box office. The film's humor and unconventional story were well received and it was financially successful, earning $133 million worldwide. The film earned several awards and four Academy Award nominations for its cinematography and audio.

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Grace Lee Whitney as Janice Rand

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Zachary Quinto
Zachary Quinto, actor, portrayed Science Officer Spock in Star Trek and Star Trek Into Darkness
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Star Trek
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Television series: The Original Series (episodes) • The Animated Series (episodes) • The Next Generation (episodes) • Deep Space Nine (episodes) • Voyager (episodes) • Enterprise (episodes)

Feature films: The Motion PictureThe Wrath of KhanThe Search for SpockThe Voyage HomeThe Final FrontierThe Undiscovered CountryGenerationsFirst ContactInsurrectionNemesisStar TrekInto DarknessBeyond

Fictional elements: Alien racesCharactersDeep Space NinePrime DirectiveStardatesStarfleetTimelineStarship EnterpriseUnited Federation of PlanetsUSS DefiantUSS VoyagerWeapons

Other topics: CanonComicsCultural influenceFan productionsFandomGamesMemory AlphaNovelsPhysicsReference booksSexualityStar Trek: The ExperienceStar Trek: Phase II

Production staff: J. J. AbramsIra Steven BehrRick BermanBrannon BragaManny CotoDamon LindelofRonald D. MooreMichael OkudaMichael PillerGene RoddenberryJeri Taylor

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