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Portal:Star Trek

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Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment franchise created by Gene Roddenberry and currently under the ownership of CBS. The franchise began in 1966 with the television series Star Trek, later referred to as Star Trek: The Original Series. This series, its spin-off shows: Star Trek: The Animated Series, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager, Star Trek: Enterprise, and Star Trek: Discovery, as well as the film series make up the core of the franchise's mythos. While the critical response to much of the franchise varies, many individual Star Trek episodes and films have won awards and honors including Emmy Awards, Hugo Awards and an Academy Award.

Westerns such as Wagon Train, along with the Horatio Hornblower novels and Gulliver's Travels, inspired Roddenberry when he created the first Star Trek. It followed the interstellar adventures of James T. Kirk and the crew of an exploration vessel of a 23rd century galactic "United Federation of Planets" — the Starship Enterprise. This first series, now referred to as "The Original Series", debuted in 1966 and ran for three seasons on NBC. These adventures continued in the short-lived Star Trek: The Animated Series and six feature films. Five spin-off television series were eventually produced: Star Trek: The Next Generation, followed the crew of a new Starship Enterprise set a century after the original series; Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: Voyager, set contemporaneously with The Next Generation; and Star Trek: Enterprise and Star Trek: Discovery set before the original series, in the early days of human interstellar travel. Four additional The Next Generation feature films were produced. In 2009, the prequel of the original series (set in an alternate timeline) Star Trek featuring a new cast portraying younger versions of the crew from the original Enterprise appeared. A sequel to this film, Star Trek Into Darkness, premiered on May 16, 2013.

Star Trek has been a cult phenomenon since its beginning. Fans of the franchise are called Trekkies or Trekkers. The franchise spans a wide range of spin-offs including games, figurines, novels, toys, and comics. Star Trek had a themed attraction in Las Vegas which opened in 1998 and closed in September 2008. At least two museum exhibits of props travel the world. The series even has its own full-fledged constructed language, Klingon. Several parodies have been made of Star Trek and its fans, despite the end of Star Trek episodes on TV, and several fan productions have been produced in that void.

Star Trek is noted for its influence on the world outside of science fiction. It has been cited as an inspiration for several technological inventions such as the cell phone. Moreover, the show is noted for its progressive civil rights stances. The original series included one of television's first multiracial casts, and the first inter-racial kiss in a drama series on American television. Star Trek references can be found throughout popular culture from movies such as the submarine thriller Crimson Tide to the cartoon series South Park.

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Denise Crosby in 2003
"Skin of Evil" is the 23rd episode of the first season of the science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation, and originally aired on April 25, 1988 in broadcast syndication. The story premise was written by Joseph Stefano, and the screenplay was re-written by Hannah Louise Shearer. The episode was directed by Joseph L. Scanlan. In this episode, the Enterprise races to rescue Deanna Troi (Marina Sirtis) from a crashed shuttle, which is being held captive by an alien life form called Armus (Mart McChesney, voiced by Ron Gans). In investigating the crash, Lieutenant Tasha Yar (Denise Crosby) is killed by Armus, and Troi is eventually rescued after Captain Picard (Patrick Stewart) distracts the alien. Yar's death in the episode was the result of Crosby asking to be released from her contract, although her last filmed episode was actually "Symbiosis" as it was filmed subsequent to "Skin of Evil". The manner of her death was intended to be typical of the threat posed to a security officer, and was what the show's creator Gene Roddenberry had intended. The reception of the episode has been poor overall from critics who have reviewed the episode following the end of the series, especially the manner of Yar's death and the Armus creature in general.

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US Navy aircraft carrier Enterprise crew members alongside Starfleet Enterprise crew members
Credit: Chief Journalist Mark O. Piggott

Crew members from the United States aircraft carrier Enterprise chosen as the sailors of the year, pose with Scott Bakula and Connor Trinneer on set for the Star Trek: Enterprise episode "Desert Crossing".

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Director Leonard Nimoy, in 2011
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home is a 1986 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. It is the fourth feature film based in the Star Trek franchise and completes the story arc begun two films earlier. The former crew of the USS Enterprise finds Earth in grave danger from an alien probe attempting to contact humpback whales. After directing The Search for Spock, cast member Leonard Nimoy was asked to direct, and given greater freedom regarding content. Nimoy and Harve Bennett conceived a story with an environmental message and no clear-cut villain. Dissatisfied with the first screenplay, Paramount hired The Wrath of Khan writer and director Nicholas Meyer. The Voyage Home was shot extensively on location; many real settings and buildings were used as stand-ins for scenes set around and in the city of San Francisco. Special effects firm Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) assisted in postproduction and the film's special effects. The Voyage Home premiered on November 26, 1986, becoming the top-grossing film in the weekend box office. The film's humor and unconventional story were well received and it was financially successful, earning $133 million worldwide. The film earned several awards and four Academy Award nominations for its cinematography and audio.

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USS Enterprise (CVN-65)

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Jeffrey Hunter
Jeffrey Hunter, actor, portrayed Christopher Pike in the original pilot for Star Trek, "The Cage".
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Star Trek
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Television series: The Original Series (episodes) • The Animated Series (episodes) • The Next Generation (episodes) • Deep Space Nine (episodes) • Voyager (episodes) • Enterprise (episodes) • Star Trek: Discovery

Feature films: The Motion PictureThe Wrath of KhanThe Search for SpockThe Voyage HomeThe Final FrontierThe Undiscovered CountryGenerationsFirst ContactInsurrectionNemesisStar TrekInto DarknessBeyond

Fictional elements: Alien racesCharactersDeep Space NinePrime DirectiveStardatesStarfleetTimelineStarship EnterpriseUnited Federation of PlanetsUSS DefiantUSS VoyagerWeapons

Other topics: CanonComicsCultural influenceFan productionsFandomGamesMemory AlphaNovelsPhysicsReference booksSexualityStar Trek: The ExperienceStar Trek: Phase II

Production staff: J. J. AbramsIra Steven BehrRick BermanBrannon BragaManny CotoDamon LindelofRonald D. MooreMichael OkudaMichael PillerGene RoddenberryJeri Taylor

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