Portal:St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

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St. John's

St. John's /ˌsntˈɒnz/ is the capital and largest city in Newfoundland and Labrador, and is the oldest English-founded city in North America. It is located on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland. With a population of 196,966 as of 2011, the St. John's Metropolitan Area is the second largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Atlantic Canada after Halifax and the 20th largest metropolitan area in Canada. The name is believed to commemorate John Cabot, the first European to sail into the harbour, on June 24, 1497 — the feast day of Saint John the Baptist. A series of expeditions to St. John's by the Portuguese in the Azores followed in the early 16th century, and by 1540 French, Spanish and Portuguese ships crossed the Atlantic Ocean annually to fish the waters off the Avalon Peninsula. In the Basque Country, it is a common belief that the name of St. John's was given by Basque fishermen because the bay of St. John's is very similar to the Bay of Pasaia in the Basque Country, where one of the fishing towns is also called St. John (in Spanish, San Juan).

In 1583, it was claimed as an English colony of Elizabeth I, temporarily captured once by the Dutch, in 1665; and attacked three times by the French, who captured and destroyed it in 1689 and 1707. St John's was retaken each time and re-fortified, the first plans being prepared in 1689. It remained fortified for much of the 18th and 19th centuries. The British making use of it during the Seven Years' War in North America; and as a naval base during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic wireless signal in St. John's on December 1901 from Poldhu, Cornwall. In June 1919, St. John's was the starting point for the first non-stop transatlantic aircraft flight, by Alcock and Brown in a modified Vickers Vimy IV bomber, to Connemara, Ireland. During the Second World War, the harbour supported Royal Navy and Royal Canadian Navy ships engaged in anti-submarine warfare; and it was also the site of an American Army Air Force base, Fort Pepperrell.

St. John's, and the province as a whole, was gravely affected in the 1990s by the collapse of the Northern cod fishery, which had been the driving force of the provincial economy for hundreds of years. After a decade of high unemployment rates and depopulation the city's proximity to the Hibernia, Terra Nova and White Rose oil fields has led to an economic boom that has spurred population growth and commercial development. As a result, the St. John's area now accounts for about half of the province's economic output.

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The St. John's IceCaps are an American Hockey League (AHL) team based in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The team is the top affiliate of the Winnipeg Jets of the NHL and is a member of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference. From 1996 to 2011, the team was known as the Manitoba Moose and played out of in Winnipeg, Manitoba. With the recent purchase and relocation of a National Hockey League team to Winnipeg by parent company True North Sports and Entertainment, the team has been leased to Danny Williams and relocated to St. John's, returning the AHL to Atlantic Canada after a six-year absence.


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Edward "Teddy" Purcell (born September 8, 1985) is a Canadian professional ice hockey player from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Purcell plays right wing for the Tampa Bay Lightning of the National Hockey League (NHL).

In 2007–08, his first professional season, Purcell played most of the year with the Monarchs but also spent 10 games in the NHL with the Los Angeles Kings. In the AHL, he was named to the 2008 AHL All-Star Classic and became the first rookie to score an All-Star Classic hat trick. Finishing his rookie AHL season with 83 points in 67 games, Purcell won the Dudley "Red" Garrett Memorial Award as the league's top rookie. In 2008–09, Purcell split the season between the Monarchs and Kings, playing 40 games in the NHL while scoring 4 goals and 12 assists for a total of 16 points.

In 2010, Purcell was traded with a third-round draft pick to the Tampa Bay Lightning in exchange for forward Jeff Halpern.Purcell finished the 2009-10 season with 15 points and 10 PIM. On July 6, 2010, new Tampa Bay Lightning GM Steve Yzerman re-signed Purcell along with former Maine Hockey player Mike Lundin for one-year contracts. Purcell finished with 51 points in the regular season, and 17 points in 18 games during the post-season. On July 20, 2011, Purcell signed a $4.75 million contract for two years with the Tampa Bay Lightning just hours before his arbitration meeting.



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