Portal:St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

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St John's Newfoundland Collage.jpg

St. John's is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the large Canadian island, Newfoundland. The city spans 446.04 square kilometres (172.22 sq mi) and is North America's easternmost city.

Its name has been attributed to the Nativity of John the Baptist, when John Cabot was believed to have sailed into the harbour in 1497 and to a Basque fishing town with the same name. Existing on maps as early as 1519, it is the oldest city in North America. It was officially incorporated as a city in 1888. With a metropolitan population of approximately 219,207 (as of July 1, 2017), the St. John's Metropolitan Area is Canada's 20th largest metropolitan area and the second largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Atlantic Canada, after Halifax.

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The Rooms is a cultural facility in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The facility opened in 2005 and houses the Art Gallery of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador and the Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador. Its name, as well as its architecture, is a reference to the simple gable-roofed sheds, called "fishing rooms", that were once so common at the waterline in Newfoundland fishing villages.

The Rooms is located on the former site of Fort Townsend, an 18th-century military fort, on a hill overlooking downtown St. John's. Since its construction it has competed with its neighbour, Basilica of St. John the Baptist, for the dominance of the St. John's skyline.


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George Edward Shea (1851 - 1932), is a Canadian politician who served as the first mayor of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

In 1870 George joined his family's business as a clerk. Shea and Company were shipping agents for Royal Mail Steamships, the Allan Line and the Ross Steamship Line. In 1887, when his uncle Ambrose Shea was appointed governor of the Bahamas, George succeeded him as managing partner in the firm.

Shea's political career began in 1885 when he was elected as a Liberal in Ferryland, a district his father, Edward D. Shea, had also represented. He was re-elected as an independent in 1889, but was defeated by Liberal candidates Michael Cashin and Daniel Greene in 1893. Again elected Member of the House of Assembly for Ferryland in 1897, Shea served for two years as minister without portfolio in the government of Sir James Spearman Winter. In 1902 Shea was elected as the first mayor of St. John's. During his term he implemented improvements to the water system and brought the city's finances under control. He continued as mayor until 1906, having meanwhile re-entered the House of Assembly in 1904 as the Liberal representative for the district of St. John's East.



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