Portal:Sri Lanka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

ආයුබෝවන් / Welcome to the Sri Lanka Portal Flag of Sri Lanka - lion.png

Map of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (/sr ˈlɑːŋkə, -ˈlæŋkə/ or /ʃr-/ (About this sound listen); Sinhalese: ශ්‍රී ලංකා Śrī Laṃkā, Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai) is an island country located southeast of India and northeast of the Maldives. The island is home to many cultures, languages and races. The majority of the population is from the Sinhalese ethnicity, while a large minority of Tamils have also played an influential role in the island's history; Christians in both groups are recent converts who have kept the traditional culture. Moors, Burghers, Malays, Kaffirs, and the aboriginal Vedda are also established groups on the island.

Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. It has a rich cultural heritage and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BC. Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to the modern Maritime Silk Road.

Sri Lanka was known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon (/sɪˈlɒn, s-, s-/). Its recent history has been marred by a thirty-year civil war which decisively ended when the Sri Lankan military defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 2009.

The country has had a long history of international engagement, as a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), and a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the G77, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Along with the Maldives, Sri Lanka is one of only two South Asian countries rated "high" on the Human Development Index (HDI), with its HDI rating and per capita income the highest among South Asian nations.

The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.

Selected article

Muttiah Muralitharan

Muttiah Muralitharan (Tamil: முத்தையா முரளிதரன், born 17 April 1972 in Kandy, Sri Lanka), often referred to as Murali, is a Sri Lankan cricketer who was rated the greatest Test match bowler ever by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack in 2002.

Muralitharan is the highest wicket-taker in both Test cricket and in One Day Internationals (ODIs). He took the wicket of Gautham Gambhir on 5 February 2009 in Colombo, to surpass Wasim Akram's ODI record of 502 wickets. Muralitharan became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket when overtook the previous record-holder Shane Warne on 3 December 2007 in longer version of the game. Muralitharan had previously held the record when he surpassed Courtney Walsh's 519 wickets in 2004. But he suffered a shoulder injury later that year and was then overtaken by Warne.

Averaging over six wickets per Test, Muralitharan is one of the most successful bowlers in the game and the greatest player for Sri Lanka. He plays domestic cricket for the Tamil Union Cricket and Athletic Club, and county cricket for Lancashire as an overseas player.

Muralitharan's career has been beset with controversy; his bowling action called into question on a number of occasions by umpires and sections of the cricket community. After biomechanical analysis in non-match conditions, Muralitharan's action was cleared by the International Cricket Council, first in 1996 and again in 1999. The legality of his doosra was first called into question in 2004. This delivery was found to exceed the ICC elbow extension limit by nine degrees, five degrees being the limit for spinners at that time. Based on official studies into bowling actions, the International Cricket Council revised the elbow flexion limits applying to all bowlers in 2005. Muralitharan's doosra falls within the revised limits.

Muralitharan was left out of the one-day touring squad to West Indies in early 2008, leading to speculation that he may be focusing on Test cricket in the future whilst Sri Lanka built a younger squad for One Day Internationals.

Selected picture

Sri Lanka - 029 - Kandy Temple of the Tooth.jpg

Photo credit:McKay Savage, Uploaded by Ravi
Temple of the Tooth houses the tooth of Buddha.

Did you know...

Remains of a house near Telwatte

Selected biography

Sri Lankabhimanya Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (16 December 1917–19 March 2008) was a British science fiction author, inventor, and futurist, most famous for the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, written in collaboration with director Stanley Kubrick. This collaboration also produced the film of the same name. Clark also was a host and commentator in the British television series Mysterious World.

From 1941-1946 Clarke served in the Royal Air Force as a radar instructor and technician and proposed satellite communication systems in 1945 which won him the Franklin Institute Stuart Ballantine Gold Medal in 1963. From 1947-1950 and again in 1953, he was the chairman of the British Interplanetary Society. Later, he helped fight for the preservation of lowland gorillas. In 1961 he won the UNESCO-Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science.

Clarke emigrated to Sri Lanka in 1956 largely to pursue his interest in scuba diving, and lived there until his death. He was knighted by the United Kingdom in 1998, and was awarded Sri Lanka's highest civil honour, Sri Lankabhimanya, in 2005. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1994.

Sri Lanka news

Archives
Knewsticker.png Current events on Wikinews

Categories

Sri Lanka Topics

Related portals

Web resources

General Facts
  • Sri Lanka Tourism Board
  • Government of Sri Lanka
  • U.S. Department of State
  • BBC
  • infoplease.com
  • The World Bank
  • UNESCO
News
  • Daily Mirror
  • The Island
  • The Sunday Times
  • The Sunday Leader
  • Ceylon Daily News
Cricket
  • Cricinfo
Education
  • Lanka University News

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Wikispecies 
Species

Purge server cache

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Sri_Lanka&oldid=805072803"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Sri_Lanka
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Sri Lanka"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA