Portal:Spirituality

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Spirituality

The meaning of spirituality has developed and expanded over time, and various connotations can be found alongside each other.

Traditionally, spirituality referred to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man", oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world. The term was used within early Christianity to refer to a life oriented toward the Holy Spirit. and broadened during late medieval times to include mental aspects of life.

In modern times the term both spread to other religious traditions and broadened to refer to a wider range of experience, including a range of esoteric traditions and religious traditions. Modern usages tend to refer to a subjective experience of a sacred dimension and the "deepest values and meanings by which people live", often in a context separate from organized religious institutions, such as a belief in a supernatural (beyond the known and observable) realm, personal growth, a quest for an ultimate or sacred meaning, religious experience, or an encounter with one's own "inner dimension".

Selected article

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Mysticism is the pursuit of communion with, identity with, or conscious awareness of an ultimate reality, divinity, spiritual truth, or God through direct experience, intuition, instinct or insight. Mysticism usually centers on practices intended to nurture those experiences. Mysticism may be dualistic, maintaining a distinction between the self and the divine, or may be nondualistic.

Such pursuit has long been an integral part of the religious life of humanity. Within established religion it has been explicitly expressed within monasticism, where rules governing the everyday life of monks and nuns provide a framework conducive to the cultivation of mystical states of consciousness.

In the contemporary usage "mysticism" has become an umbrella term, conflated with spirituality and esotericism.

Practices associated with mysticism include meditation and contemplative prayer. Mysticism can be distinguished from ordinary religious belief by its emphasis on the direct personal experience of unique states of consciousness, particularly those of a transcendentally blissful character.

Glossary

  • Bhakti: Devotion towards Supreme Personality of Godhead (Krishna, Chaitanya and other Vishnu avataras) by Spiritual and Religious Practices
  • Revivalism: A revival is the apparent restoration of a living creature from a dead state to a living state. In a New Testament story, Lazarus was revived by divine intervention. In religious terms, Revival is the substitution of religious fervor in life and worship, for an intellectualized, pragmatic approach to everyday conduct (often stigmatized by revivalists as 'pride').
  • Spirit: The English word spirit comes from the Latin spiritus, meaning breath...
  • Yoga: (Sanskrit योग, "union" of soul with SuperSoul, God) is any of authentic practices of a family of spiritual practices that originated in India, which includes meditation (dhyana), which is seen primarily as a means to enlightenment, samadhi (or bodhi)...
  • Channelling: The act of having spirits enter or possess one's body in order to speak and act through one as practised in many cultures and religions.

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A portrayal of Vyasa, who classified the Vedas in to four parts, and author of the Mahabharata, which includes the widely read Bhagavad Gita.

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  • In Hinduism and its spiritual systems of yoga and in some related eastern cultures, as well as in some segments of the New Age Movement – and to some degree the distinctly different New Thought movement – a chakra is thought to be an energy node ("wheel") in the etheric body or energy duplicate of the human physical body.

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