Portal:Sony PlayStation

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Sony PlayStation Portal

The PlayStation family is the world's highest-selling group of video game systems. Sony Computer Entertainment released the PlayStation in 1994, followed by the PlayStation 2 in 2000, PlayStation Portable in 2004, PlayStation 3 in 2006, PlayStation Vita in 2011 and PlayStation 4 in 2013.

Sony's first foray into the video game market, the PlayStation (codenamed PSX during development, now known as PSone), was initially designed as an add-on for Nintendo's Super Nintendo Entertainment System (Super Famicom) video game console as an answer to Sega's Sega CD. When the prospect of releasing the system as an add-on dissolved, Sony transformed it into the standalone PlayStation video game console.

Sony's follow-up console, the PlayStation 2 (PS2), currently the world's best-selling console in history, was released in Japan on March 4, 2000 and in North America on October 26, 2000.

The PSP or PlayStation Portable is a handheld game console made by Sony Computer Entertainment; a first foray into the handheld gaming market which was previously dominated by Nintendo. Though it has not had as much as of an impact as the PlayStation home consoles, the PSP is noted as being the most successful competitor to Nintendo's handheld range yet.

November 2006 saw the launch of the PlayStation 3 (PS3), Sony's seventh generation game console. It uses a unique processing architecture called the Cell microprocessor, a technology jointly developed by Sony, Toshiba, and IBM. The graphics processing unit, the RSX 'Reality Synthesizer', was co-developed by NVIDIA and Sony – its main competitors were the Xbox 360 and the Wii.

The newest console in the PlayStation series is Sony's entry in the eighth generation of consoles, the PlayStation 4 (PS4), which launched in November 2013.

Selected article

The XrossMediaBar is an award-winning graphical user interface developed by Sony. The interface features icons that are spread horizontally across the screen. Navigation moves the icons, instead of a cursor. These icons are used as categories to organize the options available to the user. When an icon is selected on the horizontal bar, several more appear vertically, above and below it (selectable by the up and down directions on a directional pad). Originally used on the PSX, the XrossMediaBar is used as the default interface on both the PlayStation Portable and the PlayStation 3. Since 2006, it has also been used in high-end WEGA TVs, the BRAVIA starting with the 3000 (only in S-series and above), and the high-end STR-DA 5200ES AV receiver. The Sony Ericsson K850's and W910's media menu is also a version of XMB, indicating that the next implementation of XMB is in Sony Ericsson mobile phones. Q-Games Ltd, a small development company based in Kyoto, Japan, developed the graphics technology behind the XMB, its stylized background, and the built-in music visualizers. The PlayStation 3 web browser was created by internally by Sony. It is the same browser used in the PlayStation Portable (Sony-branded NetFront 2.81) with the same interface, menus and virtual keyboard. Sony has also collaborated with Stanford University to bring the [email protected] project to the PS3. Once downloaded, the program can be configured to run when the system is idle or executed manually from the XMB.

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PS3 at CES 2006
Credit: AZAdam

The PlayStation 3 is the third home video game console released by Sony.

Main topics

Selected Game

LocoRoco (ロコロコ, Rokoroko) is a Japanese video game released in 2006 for the PlayStation Portable (PSP) handheld game console, and developed and published by Sony Computer Entertainment. In the game, the player must tilt the environment by using the left or right shoulder buttons in order to maneuver a variety of coloured jelly-like characters through each level via gravity. This game was created by producer Kazuhito Miyaki and game designer Tsutomu Kouno.

The player controls the planet the LocoRoco inhabit to move the LocoRoco around. The player can also split larger LocoRoco into individual LocoRoco, and then recombine them. Splitting is required into order to fit through tight spaces and also solve many puzzles. (For example, smaller LocoRoco start singing when left idle for a while, which is required at the end of the levels.) There are 5 worlds to clear, each consisting of 8 levels.

The object of each level is to find and eat as many "berries" as possible to increase the size of the LocoRoco, to a maximum of 20. There are also "Pickories" and "Mui Mui" to find. The "Pickories" are used as currency for playing the minigames Mui Mui Crane and Chuppa Chuppa, while the "Mui Mui" unlock more minigames and music for the Loco House. The player must also be careful to avoid enemies, mainly "Burrs" (spiky obstacles) and "Moja", which can cause them to lose LocoRoco or even die if the last LocoRoco is lost.

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Did you know...

  • ...that Warhawk's single-player mode was scrapped because the game's developers decided it was vastly inferior to the multi-player mode?
  • ...that the PSX, a media center that is based on the PS2, was only released in Japan?
  • ...that the PlayStation 2 had the biggest launch in Japanese history, selling more than 980,000 units in four hours?
  • ...that the PlayStation might have never been made if Nintendo had not offered to partner with Sony on a video game console?
  • ...that the PlayStation was rejected because Nintendo refused to partner with Sony as it could not decide on how to share its revenues?
  • ...that the PlayStation 3 has sold 200,000 more units worldwide than its competitor Xbox 360?

Recent news


At a presentation in New York, Sony announced the PlayStation 4 console. It was released at the end of 2013. A look inside the PlayStation 4 can be viewed here: http://us.playstation.com/ps4/



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