Portal:Sierra Leone

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Sierra Leone (/siˌɛrə liˈn(i)/, UK also /siˌɛərə -, ˌsɪərə -/), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. Sierra Leone has a dominant unitary central government. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Kenema (pop,200,354) located 185 miles from Freetown, is the country's second most populous city. Other major cities with a population above one hundred thousand are Bo, Koidu Town and Makeni. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts..

Sierra Leone was a British colony from 1808 to 1961. In 1898, the native protectorate chiefs in the colony, mostly from the north and led by a powerful Temne chief Bai Bureh, launched a major armed rebellion on the British Colonial Government due to over taxations of the native people and to establish Independent rule. The war later became known as the Hut Tax War of 1898. The British Colonial Government established a compromise that gave more powers to the tribal chiefs in the Sierra Leone Protectorate, to prevent further rebellion. In November 1951, Sir Milton Margai, the leader of the protectorate Sierra Leone People's Party oversaw the drafting of a new constitution, which united the separate Colonial and Protectorate legislatures and most importantly provided a framework for decolonization. Sierra Leone became independent from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, led by Sir Milton Margai, who became the country's first prime minister. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general elections as an independent nation. Main opposition leader Siaka Stevens' All People's Congress (APC) defeated the ruling SLPP under Sir Albert Margai's leadership in the closely contested 1967 Sierra Leone parliamentary election. Stevens ruled Sierra Leone from 1968 to 1985. In 1971, Stevens abolished Sierra Leone's parliamentary government system and declared Sierra Leone a presidential republic. Sierra Leone was a one-party state from 1978 to 1985, in which Stevens' APC was the only legal political party in the country. The current constitution of Sierra Leone, that includes multi party democracy was adopted in 1991 by the government of President Joseph Saidu Momoh, Stevens' hand-picked successor. In 1991, a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front led by former Sierra Leone army Corporal Foday Sankoh launched a brutal civil war in the country.

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Radio listener in rural Kailahun
Media in Sierra Leone began with the introduction of the first modern printing press in Africa at the start of the nineteenth century. In the 1860s the country became a journalist hub for Africa with professional travelling to the country from across the continent. At the end of the nineteenth century the industry went into decline and when radio was introduced in the 1930s this became the primary communication media in the country. Print media is not widely read in Sierra Leone, especially outside Freetown, partially due to the low levels of literacy in the country. Among newspaper readership young people are likely to read newspapers weekly and older people daily.

Radio is the most popular and most trusted media in Sierra Leone, with 85% of people having access to a radio and 72% of people in the country listening to the radio daily. Stations mainly consist of local commercial stations with a limited broadcast range combined with a few stations with national coverage. There are two national free terrestrial television stations in Sierra Leone but outside the capital Freetown television is not watched by a great many people. Internet access in Sierra Leone has been low but is on the increase, especially since the introduction of wireless services across the country. (read more . . . )

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Class at a secondary school in Pendembu, Sierra Leone




Provinces: Eastern ProvinceNorthern ProvinceSouthern ProvinceWestern Area

History: Sierra Leone Colony and ProtectorateKingdom of KoyaBritish West AfricaSierra Leone Liberated AfricansSierra Leone Creole SettlersSierra Leone Civil WarUnited Nations Mission in Sierra Leone

Law: Sierra Leone PoliceSpecial Court for Sierra LeoneTruth and Reconciliation CommissionPrisons in Sierra Leone

Politics: List of PresidentsPolitical PartiesParliamentForeign relationsElectionsMilitary of Sierra Leone

Geography: ProtectedSierra Leone RiverWestern Guinean lowland forestsOutamba-Kilimi National ParkTransport

Economy: Bank of Sierra LeoneTourism in Sierra Leone

Society: SportDemographicsEducationCuisineMediaMusic

Symbols: FlagCoat of armsNational anthem (High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free)

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