Portal:Shia Islam

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Shia Islam

Shi'a Islam or Shi`ism (from the Arabic word شيعة, short for the historic phrase shi`at `Ali شيعة علي, meaning "the followers of Ali") is the second-largest Islamic denomination. The singular/adjective form of this name is Arabic shi`i شيعي. This is used to refer to a follower of the Ahlul Bayt, and in particular a follower of Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the Islamic prophet Muhammad's cousin, his son-in-law, and the father of Muhammad's only descendants. Ali was the male head of the Ahlul Bayt (Muhammad's household).

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The Fourteen Infallibles
The Fourteen Infallibles (Arabic: معصومونMa‘sūmūn) in Twelver Shia Islam are the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his daughter Fatima Zahra; and the Twelve Imams. All are considered to be infallible under the theological concept of Ismah. Accordingly, they have the power to commit sin but are able to avoid doing so by their nature, which is regarded as a miraculous gift from God. The Infallibles are believed to follow only God's desire in their actions, because of their supreme righteousness, consciousness, and love for God. They are also regarded as being immune to error: in practical matters, in calling people to religion, and in the perception of divine knowledge. Shias believe that the Fourteen Infallibles are superior to the rest of creation, as well as to the other major prophets.

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Fatimah al-Zahra, daughter of Muhammad
"First thy neighbour, and there after your own house."
Fatimah
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In the news

November-2017

  • 10-Nov: Arba'een of Imam Hussain and his diehard companions was observed on 10 November, 2017 (including Arba'een Walk in countries other than Iraq) throughout the world in countries having population of Shia Muslims. Arba'een Pilgrimage was held in Iraq. It was estimated that 25 million would participate in addition to Iranian pilgrims. Different news sources indicate that more than 20 million pilgrims have attended Arbaeen walk/pilgrimage in Iraq from Najaf to Karbala on road by foot. Considering unofficial entries and 1-3 months old entries to Iraq, social media has placed figures highs from 30 to 40 million. However, Western/European Media reports estimates vary of the total attending from highs of 15-17 million [1], (Dawn), (Tehran Times), [2] & [3]

October-2017

  • 1-Oct: On Ist October & 30th Sept-2017 approximately 6 million people across the globe gathered in Karbala for observing Ashura. Shia Muslims around the world observe Ashura with the aim to express deep sorrow over the martyrdom of Hussein Ibn Ali and the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala on 10 Muharram in the year 61 AH ( October 10, 680 CE). Ashura is not only observed in the Muslim world but also in Europe, Australia, America and Canada, etc. [4] [5] & [6]
Commemoration of Ashura is a national holiday in Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Lebanon and Bahrain. Also in India Ashura is a public holiday. [7] (ABNA)
This year in Nigeria Ashura mourning processions held in more than 60 towns and cities across the country organized by Islamic Movement in Nigeria.[8]
  • After 21 years, Dr Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin has held the Muharram Majlis series in Karachi, ended on 30 Sept-2017. In addition to local members of the community, these Majalis were attended by 40,000 Shia Muslim belonging to Dawoodi Bohras community from all over the world especially from India, Sri Lanka, Iraq, UAE, Far East, Malaysia, UK, Canada and USA.(Daily Dawn) (The New York Times)
  • 2-Oct: Malaysian Government has freed 200 Shia Iraqi nationals, mostly Masters and Postgraduate students and their family members who were arrested by Malaysian authority in September-2017 on account of their participation in recent Ashura mourning. A former Malaysian ambassador has condemned the arrest of Iraqi Shia Muslims, saying this could court condemnation from the United Nations Human Rights Commission.[9]& (ABNA)

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Calligraphy of Muhammad
Muhammad (Arabic: محمد‎; c. 570 – 8 June 632), is considered by Muslims and Bahá'ís to be a prophet and messenger of God. Muhammad is almost universally considered by Muslims as the last prophet sent by God to mankind. He is viewed as the first and best of the Fourteen Infallibles by Shias. Muslims consider him to have restored the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. The revelations, which Muhammad received until his death, form the verses of the Quran, regarded by Muslims as the "Word of God" and around which the religion is based. Besides the Quran, Muhammad's teachings and practices (sunnah), found in the Hadith and sira literature, are also upheld by Muslims and used as sources of Islamic law. Appraisals in modern history of Muhammad have been favorable, while some of the appraisals of Muhammad throughout history, such as those found in medieval China, have also been positive.

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Musa as-Sadr (Persian: امام موسى صدر‎, Arabic: السيد موسى الصدر‎, also Musā-ye Sader, Imam Moussa Sadr and Moussa Sadr; 4 June 1928 – disappeared in Libya on 31 August 1978) was an Iranian-Lebanese philosopher and Shi'a religious leader who went missing in Libya. Many theories exist around the circumstances of his disappearance, none of which have been proven. Due to the lasting influence of his political and religious leadership in Lebanon, he has been referred to by Fouad Ajami as a "towering figure in modern Shi'i political thought and praxis." He gave the Shia population of Lebanon "a sense of community". He was born in Iran and his seminar and university studies there. Then he made trips to Najaf in Iraq and Lebanon. He finally sttled in Lebanon and founded the Movement of the Disinherited (Arabic: حركة المحرومين‎) to press for better economic and social conditions for the Shia. He established a number of schools and medical clinics throughout southern Lebanon, many of which are still in operation today. Imam Musa aṣ-Ṣadr is still regarded as an important political and spiritual leader by the Shia Lebanese community. His status only grew after his disappearance in August 1978, and today his legacy is revered by both Amal and Hezbollah followers.

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On this day: 3 Sha'aban

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