Portal:Shia Islam

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Shia Islam

Shi'a Islam or Shi`ism (from the Arabic word شيعة, short for the historic phrase shi`at `Ali شيعة علي, meaning "the followers of Ali") is the second-largest Islamic denomination. The singular/adjective form of this name is Arabic shi`i شيعي. This is used to refer to a follower of the Ahlul Bayt, and in particular a follower of Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the Islamic prophet Muhammad's cousin, his son-in-law, and the father of Muhammad's only descendants. Ali was the male head of the Ahlul Bayt (Muhammad's household).

Selected article

The Sahifah of al-Ridha (Arabic: الصحیفة الرضا‎‎, al-Sahīfa al-Riḍā, lit. "The Pages of al-Ridha"), also known as the Sahifat of al-Reza (Persianal-Ṣaḥīfat al-Reżā) and the Musnad al-Imam al-Ridha ("The Book of Imam al-Ridha"), is a collection of 240 hadiths attributed to Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha, the eighth Shiite Imam. The Sahifah is one of the major sources of Shia belief and has attracted the attention of Shia and Sunni scholars such as Ibn Babawayh, Sheikh Tabarsi, and Abu Hanifa. It contains hadiths on various topics including the invocation of Allah; the importance of praying five times a day and of saying the prayer for the dead; the excellence of the household of Muhammad, of the believer, of good manners, of the names Muhammad and Ahmad, of various foods, fruits, and ointments, of obeying parents, of strengthening the bonds of kinship, and of jihad; a warning against cheating, backbiting, or tattling; and other miscellaneous traditions. The section on Muhammad's household discusses each of its fourteen members separately.

Selected picture

Assassination of Ali
Credit: Yousef Abdinejad

Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth (last) Sunni Rashidun caliph and first Shia Imam, was assassinated by a Kharijite called Ibn Muljam on 26 January 661 at the Great Mosque of Kufa, in present-day Iraq.

Selected quote

Ali ibn Abitalib, the first imam of Shia
"Books are the gardens of the scholars."
More...

Source

  • Ghorar al-hikam va Doraro al-kilam

In the news

January-2017

  • 24-January:Foundation stone of Karbala International Airport being constructed by Copperchase Ltd., UK has been laid by Sheikh Abdel Mahdi al-Karbalai, a representative of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and Chief Cleric of Imam Hussein Holy Shrine. It will operate for the sole purpose of serving the pilgrims of Imam Hussein and al-Abbas. (The News) & [1]
  • 20-Jan:Amnesty International has already demanded the Nigerian authorities to release Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky and his wife in compliance with Court Order. The IMN has also demanded the Government to obey the court ruling. (Amnesty International) + (Today, Nigeria)
  • Nigerian Government has not obeyed release order issued by Abuja Federal High Court in December-2016. Sources also reveal that wife of Sheikh Zakzaky is not under detention. (Daily Trust, Nigeria) & (The Nation, Nigeria)
  • Jan-19:Within next 2 years Karbala International Airport will be operational. It will include a 4.5 km length runway, the longest runway of all airports in Iraq. At present nearest Airport to Karbala is Baghdad International Airport.(International Media – Imam Hussain Holy Shrine)
  • Jan-10:Iran confirms that Saudi Arabia has invited Tehran like other Islamic countries to discuss arrangements for Hajj-2017. The Iranian delegation is expected to travel to Saudi Arabia on 23rd February this year to discuss the next pilgrimage.(The Washington Post) + (The News)
  • Reportedly, Saudi Minister for Pilgrims has scheduled to discuss with more than 80 countries including Iran for Iranian participation in this year’s Hajj rituals. However, senior Iranian official rebukes such an invitation to work out the details of the 2017 hajj.(The Express Tribune), (Al Manar tv)+(Press tv)

December-2016

  • Dec-31: At least 28 people were killed in a bomb explosion at a busy market in Iraq’s capital Baghdad. Local sources from Iraq also reported for several mortar attacks surrounding Najaf Province.(Tasnim News Agency)
  • 24-Dec:Karbala Center for Researches and Studies states that prior to final decision UNESCO has preliminarily accorded approval to their request for registering the Arba'een Pilgrimage in the UNESCO list as the world’s largest peaceful human gathering. (International Media – Imam Hussain Holy Shrine)
  • 3-Dec-2016: Nigerian Court orders for release of Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky, head of the IMN after being held along-with his Mrs. without charge for nearly a year by the country's security agency and directs the Nigerian Department of State Services (DSS) to pay a sum of 50 million naira to Zakzaky and his wife as compensation. (Reuters)

Chosen holy figures

Calligraphy of Fatimah
Fatimah bint Muhammad (/ˈfætəmə, ˈfɑːtˌmɑː/; Arabic: فاطمة‎‎ Fāṭimah, born c. 605 or 615;– died 28 August 632) is the youngest daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah, wife of Ali and mother of Hasan and Hussein, and one of the members of Ahl al-Bayt."Fatimah", Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill Online. She is the object of great veneration, love, and respect by all Muslims as she lived closest to her father (prophet Muhammad) and supported him in his difficulties, is the supporter and loving caretaker of her husband and children, and is the only member of Muhammad's family that gave him descendants, numerously spread through the Islamic world and known as Sayyids. For Muslims, Fatimah is an inspiring example and Fatimah is one of the most popular girl's names throughout the Muslim world. She is a vital character in the religion of Islam and is considered a role model for all Muslim women. Fatimah's burial place is a disputed issue among Muslims from different sects. It is said that Ali ibn Abi Taleb buried his wife in an unknown location, because it was Fatimah's decision.

Selected biography

Musa as-Sadr (Persian: امام موسى صدر‎‎, Arabic: السيد موسى الصدر‎‎, also Musā-ye Sader, Imam Moussa Sadr and Moussa Sadr; 4 June 1928 – disappeared in Libya on 31 August 1978) was an Iranian-Lebanese philosopher and Shi'a religious leader who went missing in Libya. Many theories exist around the circumstances of his disappearance, none of which have been proven. Due to the lasting influence of his political and religious leadership in Lebanon, he has been referred to by Fouad Ajami as a "towering figure in modern Shi'i political thought and praxis." He gave the Shia population of Lebanon "a sense of community". He was born in Iran and his seminar and university studies there. Then he made trips to Najaf in Iraq and Lebanon. He finally sttled in Lebanon and founded the Movement of the Disinherited (Arabic: حركة المحرومين‎‎) to press for better economic and social conditions for the Shia. He established a number of schools and medical clinics throughout southern Lebanon, many of which are still in operation today. Imam Musa aṣ-Ṣadr is still regarded as an important political and spiritual leader by the Shia Lebanese community. His status only grew after his disappearance in August 1978, and today his legacy is revered by both Amal and Hezbollah followers.

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Categories

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Detailed information about the Shi'a Islam can be found under these sub-categories:

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