Portal:Shia Islam

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Shia Islam

Shi'a Islam or Shi`ism (from the Arabic word شيعة, short for the historic phrase shi`at `Ali شيعة علي, meaning "the followers of Ali") is the second-largest Islamic denomination. The singular/adjective form of this name is Arabic shi`i شيعي. This is used to refer to a follower of the Ahlul Bayt, and in particular a follower of Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the Islamic prophet Muhammad's cousin, his son-in-law, and the father of Muhammad's only descendants. Ali was the male head of the Ahlul Bayt (Muhammad's household).

Selected article

The Sahifah of al-Ridha (Arabic: الصحیفة الرضا‎‎, al-Sahīfa al-Riḍā, lit. "The Pages of al-Ridha"), also known as the Sahifat of al-Reza (Persianal-Ṣaḥīfat al-Reżā) and the Musnad al-Imam al-Ridha ("The Book of Imam al-Ridha"), is a collection of 240 hadiths attributed to Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha, the eighth Shiite Imam. The Sahifah is one of the major sources of Shia belief and has attracted the attention of Shia and Sunni scholars such as Ibn Babawayh, Sheikh Tabarsi, and Abu Hanifa. It contains hadiths on various topics including the invocation of Allah; the importance of praying five times a day and of saying the prayer for the dead; the excellence of the household of Muhammad, of the believer, of good manners, of the names Muhammad and Ahmad, of various foods, fruits, and ointments, of obeying parents, of strengthening the bonds of kinship, and of jihad; a warning against cheating, backbiting, or tattling; and other miscellaneous traditions. The section on Muhammad's household discusses each of its fourteen members separately.

Selected picture

A calligraphy of prophet Muahmmad's hadith regarding helping the poor
Credit: Ali Ra'if Efendi

A calligraphy of prophet Muahmmad's hadith regarding helping the poor.

Selected quote

Hassan ibn Ali, the second Imam of Shia.
"Thought, meditation and pondering is the life of clear sighted people."
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Source

  • Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol.72, p. 115.

In the news

January-2017

  • 24-January:Foundation stone of Karbala International Airport being constructed by Copperchase Ltd., UK has been laid by Sheikh Abdel Mahdi al-Karbalai, a representative of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and Chief Cleric of Imam Hussein Holy Shrine. It will operate for the sole purpose of serving the pilgrims of Imam Hussein and al-Abbas. (The News) & [1]
  • 20-Jan:Amnesty International has already demanded the Nigerian authorities to release Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky and his wife in compliance with Court Order. The IMN has also demanded the Government to obey the court ruling. (Amnesty International) + (Today, Nigeria)
  • Nigerian Government has not obeyed release order issued by Abuja Federal High Court in December-2016. Sources also reveal that wife of Sheikh Zakzaky is not under detention. (Daily Trust, Nigeria) & (The Nation, Nigeria)
  • Jan-19:Within next 2 years Karbala International Airport will be operational. It will include a 4.5 km length runway, the longest runway of all airports in Iraq. At present nearest Airport to Karbala is Baghdad International Airport.(International Media – Imam Hussain Holy Shrine)
  • Jan-10:Iran confirms that Saudi Arabia has invited Tehran like other Islamic countries to discuss arrangements for Hajj-2017. The Iranian delegation is expected to travel to Saudi Arabia on 23rd February this year to discuss the next pilgrimage.(The Washington Post) + (The News)
  • Reportedly, Saudi Minister for Pilgrims has scheduled to discuss with more than 80 countries including Iran for Iranian participation in this year’s Hajj rituals. However, senior Iranian official rebukes such an invitation to work out the details of the 2017 hajj.(The Express Tribune), (Al Manar tv)+(Press tv)

December-2016

  • Dec-31: At least 28 people were killed in a bomb explosion at a busy market in Iraq’s capital Baghdad. Local sources from Iraq also reported for several mortar attacks surrounding Najaf Province.(Tasnim News Agency)
  • 24-Dec:Karbala Center for Researches and Studies states that prior to final decision UNESCO has preliminarily accorded approval to their request for registering the Arba'een Pilgrimage in the UNESCO list as the world’s largest peaceful human gathering. (International Media – Imam Hussain Holy Shrine)
  • 3-Dec-2016: Nigerian Court orders for release of Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky, head of the IMN after being held along-with his Mrs. without charge for nearly a year by the country's security agency and directs the Nigerian Department of State Services (DSS) to pay a sum of 50 million naira to Zakzaky and his wife as compensation. (Reuters)

Chosen holy figures

Calligraphy of Ali
Ali ibn Abi Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب‎, translit. ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib‎; 13th Rajab, 22 or 16 BH – 21st Ramaḍān, 40 AH; September 20, 601 or July 17, 607 or 600 – January 27, 661) was the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, ruling over the Islamic Caliphate from 656 to 661. A son of Abu Talib, Ali was also the first young male who accepted Islam. Sunnis consider Ali the fourth and final of the Rashidun (rightly guided Caliphs), while Shias regard Ali as the first Imam after Muhammad, and consider him and his descendants the rightful successors to Muhammad, all of whom are members of the Ahl al-Bayt, the household of Muhammad. This disagreement split the Ummah (Muslim community) into the Sunni and Shi`i branches. Many sources, especially Shia ones, record that Ali was the only person born in the sacred sanctuary of the Kaaba in Mecca, the holiest place in Islam. His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle and Ali's father. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first male to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.

Selected biography

Ali Husayni Sistani (Arabic: علي الحسيني السيستاني‎‎), born August 4, 1930, is an Iraqi Usuli marja in Iraq and the head of many of the seminaries (Hawzahs) in Najaf. Sistani was born in 1930 to a family of religious clerics, his father was Muhammad Baqir al-Sistani. Sistani himself claims to have been born in Mashhad, Iran, then moved to Mashhad as a child due to Iran not issuing birth certificates in its eastern provinces until decades later. After doing studies in Mashhad and Qom, In 1951, He traveled to Iraq to study in Najaf under Grand Ayatollah Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei. Sistani rose to the Usooli clerical rank of 'mujtahid' in 1960. When Grand Ayatollah Khoei died in 1992, Sistani ascended to the rank of Grand Ayatollah through traditional peer recognition of his scholarship. His role as successor to Khoei was symbolically cemented when he led funeral prayers for Khoei; he also inherited Khoei's network and following.

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Categories

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Detailed information about the Shi'a Islam can be found under these sub-categories:

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