Portal:Shia Islam

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Shia Islam

Shia (/ˈʃə/; Arabic: شيعةShīʿah, from Shīʿatu ʿAlī, "adherent of Ali"), also transliterated Shiah and Shiʿah, is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor and the Imam (leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm but was prevented caliphate as a result of Saqifah incident. This view primarily contrasts with that of Sunni Islam, whose adherents believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor and consider Abu Bakr who they claim was appointed Caliph through a Shura, i.e. community consensus in Saqifa, to be the first rightful Caliph after the Prophet.

Unlike the first three Rashidun caliphs, Ali was from the same clan as Muhammad, Banu Hashim.

Adherents of Shia Islam are called Shias of Ali, Shias or the Shi'a as a collective or Shi'i or Shi'ite individually. Shia Islam is the second largest branch of Islam: in 2009, Shia Muslims constituted 10-20% of the world's Muslim population. Twelver Shia (Ithnā'ashariyyah) is the largest branch of Shia Islam, with 2012 estimates saying that 85% of Shias were Twelvers.

Shia Islam is based on the Quran and the message of Muhammad attested in hadith, and on hadith taught by their Imams. Shia consider Ali to have been divinely appointed as the successor to Muhammad, and as the first Imam. The Shia also extend this Imammah doctrine to Muhammad's family, the Ahl al-Bayt ("the people/family of the House"), and some individuals among his descendants, known as Imams, who they believe possess special spiritual and political authority over the community, infallibility and other divinely ordained traits. Although there are many Shia subsects, modern Shia Islam has been divided into three main groupings: Twelvers, Ismailis and Zaidis, with Twelver Shia being the largest and most influential group among Shia.

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Mohammad, the prophet of Islam.
"A hopeful sinner is closer to the mercy of Allah than a hopeless worshipper."
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  • Mizan al-hikma, Volume 10, Page 504, Tradition 7109.

In the news

August-2018

24 - Aug: Shia Rights Watch sought international support to stop Saudi Arabian beheading of woman human right activist Israa al-Ghomgham as it can open the door to more executions for women particularly the women of religious minorities [1]& [2]. According to Amnesty International, the charges against al Ghomgham are political initiatives to silence conflict in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and her death sentence would send an open message to human rights activism.[3]

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Seyyed Ali Khamenei
Ali Hosseini Khamenei (Persian: علی حسینی خامنه‌ای‎; born 17 July 1939) is the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran and a Muslim cleric. Ali Khamenei succeeded Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the Iranian Revolution, after Khomeini's death, being elected as the new Supreme Leader by the Assembly of Experts on 4 June 1989. He had also served as the President of Iran from 1981 to 1989. In 2012, 2013, and 2014 Forbes selected him 21st, 23rd, and 19th respectively in the list of The World's Most Powerful People. Khamenei is head of state, and is considered the most powerful political authority in Iran.

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On this day: 8 Safar

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