Portal:Shia Islam

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Shia Islam

Shi'a Islam or Shi`ism (from the Arabic word شيعة, short for the historic phrase shi`at `Ali شيعة علي, meaning "the followers of Ali") is the second-largest Islamic denomination. The singular/adjective form of this name is Arabic shi`i شيعي. This is used to refer to a follower of the Ahlul Bayt, and in particular a follower of Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the Islamic prophet Muhammad's cousin, his son-in-law, and the father of Muhammad's only descendants. Ali was the male head of the Ahlul Bayt (Muhammad's household).

Selected article

Name of Twelve Imams
The Twelve Imams are the spiritual and political successors to the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the Twelver or Athnā‘ashariyyah branch of Shia Islam and in Alevi Islam.

According to the theology of Twelvers, the Twelve Imams are exemplary human individuals who not only rule over the community with justice, but also are able to keep and interpret sharia and the esoteric meaning of the Quran. Muhammad and Imams' words and deeds are a guide and model for the community to follow; as a result, they must be free from error and sin, known as Ismah or infallibility and must be chosen by divine decree, or nass, through the Prophet.

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A calligraphy of prophet Muahmmad's hadith regarding helping the poor
Credit: Ali Ra'if Efendi

A calligraphy of prophet Muahmmad's hadith regarding helping the poor.

Selected quote

Hhussain ibn ali.jpg
"If you neither believe in religion nor fear the hereafter, then at least be free from tyranny and arrogance"
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Source

  • Biharul Anwar, Vol. 45, P. 51

In the news

November-2017

  • 10-Nov: Arba'een of Imam Hussain and his diehard companions was observed on 10 November, 2017 (including Arba'een Walk in countries other than Iraq) throughout the world in countries having population of Shia Muslims. Arba'een Pilgrimage was held in Iraq. It was estimated that 25 million would participate in addition to Iranian pilgrims. Different news sources indicate that more than 20 million pilgrims have attended Arbaeen walk/pilgrimage in Iraq from Najaf to Karbala on road by foot. Considering unofficial entries and 1-3 months old entries to Iraq, social media has placed figures highs from 30 to 40 million. However, Western/European Media reports estimates vary of the total attending from highs of 15-17 million [1], (Dawn), (Tehran Times), [2] & [3]

October-2017

  • 1-Oct: On Ist October & 30th Sept-2017 approximately 6 million people across the globe gathered in Karbala for observing Ashura. Shia Muslims around the world observe Ashura with the aim to express deep sorrow over the martyrdom of Hussein Ibn Ali and the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala on 10 Muharram in the year 61 AH ( October 10, 680 CE). Ashura is not only observed in the Muslim world but also in Europe, Australia, America and Canada, etc. [4] [5] & [6]
Commemoration of Ashura is a national holiday in Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Lebanon and Bahrain. Also in India Ashura is a public holiday. [7] (ABNA)
This year in Nigeria Ashura mourning processions held in more than 60 towns and cities across the country organized by Islamic Movement in Nigeria.[8]
  • After 21 years, Dr Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin has held the Muharram Majlis series in Karachi, ended on 30 Sept-2017. In addition to local members of the community, these Majalis were attended by 40,000 Shia Muslim belonging to Dawoodi Bohras community from all over the world especially from India, Sri Lanka, Iraq, UAE, Far East, Malaysia, UK, Canada and USA.(Daily Dawn) (The New York Times)
  • 2-Oct: Malaysian Government has freed 200 Shia Iraqi nationals, mostly Masters and Postgraduate students and their family members who were arrested by Malaysian authority in September-2017 on account of their participation in recent Ashura mourning. A former Malaysian ambassador has condemned the arrest of Iraqi Shia Muslims, saying this could court condemnation from the United Nations Human Rights Commission.[9]& (ABNA)

Chosen holy figures

The shrine of Husayn, as seen from the shrine of Abbas in Karbala, Karbala Governorate, Iraq
Husayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب‎‎; 08 January 626 AD – 10 October 680 AD) (3rd / 4th Sha'aban 4 AH – 10th Muharram 61 AH), sometimes spelled Hussein, was the son of Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib (fourth Rashidun Caliph of Sunni Islam, and first Imam of Shia Islam) and Fatimah Zahra (daughter of Muhammad) and the younger brother of Hasan ibn Ali. Husayn is an important figure in Islam, as he is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (the household of Muhammad) and Ahl al-Kisa, as well as being the third Shia Imam.Husayn is highly regarded by Shiite Muslims because he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid I, the Umayyad caliph because he considered the rule of the Umayyads unjust. As a consequence, he left Medina, his home town, and traveled to Mecca. At Karbala his caravan was intercepted by Yazid I's army. He was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala in 680 (61 AH) by Shimr Ibn Thil-Jawshan, along with most of his family and companions. The annual memorial for him, his family, his children and his companions is called Ashura (tenth day of Muharram) and is a day of mourning for Shiite Muslims. The killings at Karbala fueled the later Shiite movements. Anger at Husayn's death was turned into a rallying cry that helped undermine and ultimately overthrow the Umayyad Caliphate.

Selected biography

Kazem Khorasani.jpg
Mohammad Kazem Khorasani or Akhund-e Khorasani (Persian: محمد کاظم خراسانی‎‎, (1839-1911)) was Twelver Shi'a Marja, politician, philosopher, reformer born in Mashhad. He's regarded as one of the most important Shia Mujtahid at the time. He was a lecturer at Najaf seminary for years and significant number of students from "different regions of the Muslim world" used to participate his lectures. His most famous work is The Sufficiency (Arabic: کفایه‎) where he gathered the jurispurdential ideas such as `continuity` and "presented them in a yet more rigorous fashion as a unified theory of jurisprudence." He is known for using his position as a marja for political use in the Persian Constitutional Revolution (1905-1911) where he was one of the main clerical supporters of the revolution. He believed that "constitutional form of government" would be the best possible choice in the absence of Imam and regarded the "Persian revolution" a Jihad ("holy war") in which all Muslims had to participate. He died "suddenly" and "mysteriously", when he aimed to leave Iraq for Iran in order against support constitutionalists' resistance to the Anglo-Russian invasion in 1911.

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