Portal:Sherlock Holmes

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Sherlock Holmes

Holmes reichenbach.jpg

Hello, and welcome to the Sherlock Holmes portal. Here, there is information about the world's greatest "consulting detective", created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Holmes is famous for his astute logical reasoning, his ability to adopt almost any disguise, and his use of forensic science skills to solve difficult cases.

Holmes first appeared in publication in 1887, and was eventually featured in four novels and 56 short stories. The first novel, A Study in Scarlet, appeared in Beeton's Christmas Annual in 1887 and the second, The Sign of the Four, in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in 1890. The character grew tremendously in popularity with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891; further series of short stories and two novels published in serial form appeared between then and 1927. The stories cover a period from around 1880 up to 1914.

All but four stories are narrated by Holmes's friend and biographer, Dr. John H. Watson; two are narrated by Holmes himself ("The Blanched Soldier" and "The Lion's Mane") and two others are written in the third person ("The Mazarin Stone" and "His Last Bow"). In two stories ("The Musgrave Ritual" and "The Gloria Scott"), Holmes tells Watson the main story from his memories, while Watson becomes the narrator of the frame story. The first and fourth novels, A Study in Scarlet and The Valley of Fear, each include a long interval of omniscient narration recounting events unknown to either Holmes or Watson.

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Martin Freeman + Benedict Cumberbatch.JPG

Sherlock is a British television crime drama that presents a contemporary adaptation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes detective stories. Created by Steven Moffat and Mark Gatiss, it stars Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock Holmes and Martin Freeman as Doctor John Watson. Nine episodes have been produced, the first three of which aired in 2010. Series two aired in 2012, and a third series aired in the first quarter of 2014. The third series has become the UK's most watched drama series since 2001.

Sherlock depicts "consulting detective" Holmes, assisted by his flatmate, Dr John Watson who has returned from military service in Afghanistan, helping the Metropolitan Police Service, primarily Detective Inspector Greg Lestrade (Rupert Graves), in solving various crimes. Although the series depicts a variety of crimes and perpetrators, Holmes' conflict with his archnemesis Jim Moriarty (Andrew Scott) is a recurring feature. Sue Vertue and Elaine Cameron of Hartswood Films produced the series for the BBC and co-produced it with WGBH Boston for its Masterpiece anthology series on PBS. The series is primarily filmed in Cardiff, Wales. North Gower Street in London is used for exterior shots of Holmes and Watson's 221B Baker Street residence. In January 2014, Moffat has announced that a fourth series has been commissioned, with scripts being planned.

Critical reception was extremely positive, with many reviews commending the quality of the writing, performances and direction. Sherlock has been nominated for numerous awards including: BAFTAs, Emmys and Golden Globe, and winning several awards across a variety of categories. Sherlock has been sold to over 200 territories.

Selected character

A woman and a man getting married

Irene Adler (Adler's wedding which Holmes attended pictured, illustrated in The Strand Magazine in 1891), also known as the woman, is a fictional character in the Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Adler is introduced as the protagonist in "A Scandal in Bohemia". In her fictional chronology, she is an opera singer who performs contralto; she is from New Jersey. Adler becomes romantically involved with the King of Bohemia. Some years later, the King goes to Holmes and asks him to retrieve a compromising photograph, but Holmes has one of his career's rare failures. There is speculation about who Adler was based on, and although some believe that Lillie Langtry, the "Jersey Lily", is the model, it has also been speculated that Lola Montez, a lover of Ludwig I of Bavaria, who influenced his politics, and Ludmilla Stubel, the lover and wife of Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria, have both been suggested. Although Adler only has a major appearance in one short story, she is regarded as one of the most important characters in the Sherlock Holmes series. In derivative works, she is often used as a romantic interest, often for Holmes.

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The Reichenbach falls in Switzerland, the scene where Moriaty died

Photo credit: Paul Barlow

Reichenbach Falls is one of the most famous Sherlock Holmes locations: where Holmes and Moriaty had a deadly duel which resulted in Moriaty's death and Holmes's faked death. Shown here is Turner's 1804 painting, which featured in the Sherlock episode The Reichenbach Fall.

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