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Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; Mandarin pronunciation: [ʂâŋ.xài] (About this soundlisten); Wu pronunciation: [zɑ̃.hɛ] (About this soundlisten)) is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the central government of China, the largest city in China by population, and the second most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million . It is a global financial centre and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the East China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea.

As a major administrative, shipping and trading city, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to trade and recognition of its favourable port location and economic potential. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade following the British victory over China in the First Opium War. The subsequent 1842 Treaty of Nanking and 1844 Treaty of Whampoa allowed the establishment of the Shanghai International Settlement and the French Concession. The city then flourished as a centre of commerce between China and other parts of the world (predominantly the Occident), and became the primary financial hub of the Asia-Pacific region in the 1930s. However, with the Communist Party takeover of the mainland in 1949, trade was limited to other socialist countries, and the city's global influence declined. In the 1990s, the economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense re-development of the city, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment to the city. It has since re-emerged as a hub for international trade and finance; it is the home of the Shanghai Stock Exchange, one of the world's largest by market capitalization.

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Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) (SSE: 600009) (simplified Chinese: 上海浦东国际机场; traditional Chinese: 上海浦東國際機場; pinyin: Shànghǎi Pǔdōng Guójì Jīchǎng) is a major aviation hub in Asia, particularly in the East Asian region, and is the primary international airport serving Shanghai of the People's Republic of China. Located about 30 kilometres (19 miles) east of the city centre, it occupies a 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) site adjacent to the coastline in the eastern edge of Pudong District within the boundaries of the Shanghai Municipality. Read more...

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Chen Liangyu (born October 1946 in Ningbo, Zhejiang) was a politician of the People's Republic of China from the ruling Communist Party, and the disgraced CPC Shanghai Committee Secretary, or the city's first-in-charge.

He has worked in Shanghai for his entire public life, serving as its Mayor from 2001–2003. Known to be a prominent member of the Shanghai clique, and a close ally of former president Jiang Zemin and a formidable rival to the Hu Jintao administration, Chen was dismissed in September 2006 for alleged corruption charges related to the misuse of money in Shanghai's social security fund. He was sentenced in Tianjin on April 11, 2008, to 18 years in prison on charges of financial fraud, abuse of power, and accepting bribery. Read more...

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