Portal:Seventh-day Adventist Church

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Seventh-day Adventist Church

James and Ellen G. White, founders of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

The Seventh-day Adventist Church (abbreviated "Adventist") is a Protestant Christian denomination which is distinguished mainly by its observance of the period between Friday sunset and Saturday sunset, the "seventh day" of the week, as the Sabbath; along with the soon Second Coming of Jesus Christ. The denomination grew out of the Millerite movement in the United States during the middle part of the 19th century and was formally established in 1863. Among its founders was Ellen G. White, whom Adventists consider a prophet, and whose numerous writings are still held in high regard by the church.

Most of the theology of the contemporary Seventh-day Adventist Church corresponds to key evangelical teachings, such as the Trinity and the infallibility of Scripture. Distinctive doctrines include its Great Controversy theme, the idea of the unconscious state of the dead, and the teaching of an investigative judgment that began in 1844. The church is also known for its emphasis on diet and health, its promotion of religious liberty, and its culturally conservative principles.

The world church is governed by a General Conference, with smaller regions administered by divisions, union conferences, and local conferences. It currently has an ethnically and culturally diverse worldwide membership of over 18 million people and maintains a missionary presence in over 200 countries. The church operates numerous schools, hospitals, and publishing houses worldwide, as well as a prominent humanitarian aid organization known as the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA).

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St. Irenaeus (c. 130202), an early Christian Premillennialist.

Premillennialism in Christian eschatology is the belief that Christ will literally reign on the earth for 1,000 years at his second coming. The doctrine is called premillennialism because it views the current age as prior to Christ’s kingdom. It is distinct from the other forms of Christian eschatology such as amillennialism or postmillennialism, which view the millennial rule as either figurative and non-temporal, or as occurring prior to the second coming. Premillennialism is largely based upon a literal interpretation of Revelation 20:1-6 in the New Testament which describes Christ’s coming to the earth and subsequent reign at the end of an apocalyptic period of tribulation. It views this future age as a time of fulfillment for the prophetic hope of God’s people as given in the Old Testament.

Historically Christian premillennialism has also been referred to as "chiliasm" or "millenarianism". The theological term "premillennialism" did not come into general use until the mid-nineteenth century, the modern period in which premillennialism was revived. Coining the word was "almost entirely the work of British and American Protestants and was prompted by their belief that the French and American Revolution (the French, especially) realized prophecies made in the books of Daniel and Revelation."

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John Nevins Andrews.jpg

John Nevins Andrews, Seventh-day Adventist Church co-founder, minister, missionary, writer, editor, and scholar.

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photo of Richard Wright by Carl Van Vechten

Richard Nathaniel Wright (September 4, 1908 – November 28, 1960) was an American author of powerful, sometimes controversial novels, short stories and non-fiction, informed by his status as a gifted but often discriminated against African-American.

Wright, the grandson of slaves, was born on a plantation in Roxie, Mississippi, a tiny town located about 22 miles east of Natchez, in Franklin County.

Wright's family soon moved to Memphis, Tennessee. While there, his father, a former sharecropper, abandoned them. Wright, his brother, and mother soon moved to Jackson, Mississippi, to live with relatives, who were Seventh-day Adventist. He later reported feeling stifled by the religious environment. In Jackson, Wright attended public high school.

At the age of 15, Wright penned his first story, 'The Voodoo of Hell's Half-Acre', published in Southern Register, a black newspaper. Here, he formed some lasting impressions of American racism before moving back to Memphis in 1927.

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