Portal:Serer religion

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Welcome to the Serer religion portal!

Ndalin poortal a ƭat Roog (O ngim no Seereer)

Bienvenue sur le portail religion sérère

The star Yoonir, symbol of the Universe in Serer cosmology. Commonly known as Sirius.

The Serer religion, a ƭat Roog (the way of the Divine or path of God) is the original religious beliefs, practices and teachings of the Serer people. The Serers believe in a universal Supreme Deity called Roog. Serer religious beliefs encompasses ancient chants and poems; veneration and offerings to the Serer Gods, Goddesses, Serer Saints and ancestral spirits (Pangool), astronomy, initiation rites, medicine, cosmology and history of the Serer people. Roog is both everywhere and nowhere. That is why there is no "House of Roog". The Serers pray to Roog through intercessors, but do not make direct animal sacrifices to Roog.

There is no heaven or hell in Serer religion. The immortality of the soul and reincarnation (ciiɗ in Serer Sine) is a strongly held belief in Serer religion. The Pangool - ancestral spirits of those who lived pure lives after they have passed on to the spirit world (Jaaniiw) are canonised as Holy Saints, and will be called upon and venerated, and have the power to intercede between the living and the Divine. Acceptance by the ancestors who have long departed and the ability to intercede with the Divine is as close to heaven after one passes over. Rejection by the ancestors and becoming a lost and wondering soul is as close to hell in Serer religion.

Selected article

The Pangool (singular: Fangool) are the ancient saints and ancestral spirits of the Serer people. The Pangool play a crucial role in Serer religion and history. In a religious sense, they act as interceders between the living world and the supreme being Roog (or Koox among the Saafi). In a historical sense, the ancient Serer village and town founders called Lamanes were believed to be accompanied by a group of Pangool as they traveled in search of land to exploit. These Lamanes became guardians of Serer religion and created shrines in honour of the Pangool, thus becoming the custodians of the Pangool cult.

There are several Pangool in Serer religion and each one is associated with a specific attribute, have their own sacred place of worship, means of worship, etc. The symbol of the Pangool is the serpent, represented by two coiled snakes.

More about Pangool...

Selected picture

Serer cosmogony - representation of the universe.jpg
Credit: Henry Gravrand - "La civilisation sereer - Pangool".

Serer representation of the universe. The three worlds : the invisible world, the terrestrial world and the nocturnal world.

Festivals & Events

There are several Serer religious festivals some of which are listed below :

' Daqaar mboob - Diouck - Gamo - Jobai - Khanghere - Mindisse - Mbosseh - Mboudaye - Randou Rande - Raan (held at Tukar, see also Saltigue) - Sam Southieh - The consultation at Ngalagne - The massacre of Cadde - The royal struggle - The session struggle at Ndiaye-Ndiaye - The session struggle Jiloor (Jijaak) - Tobaski - Tourou Peithie - Xoy (main Xoy held at Fatick)

More about religious festivals...

Selected quote

King of Sine Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof's letter to the Muslim marabout Maba Diakhou Bâ following the Surprise attack of Mbin o Ngor - the precursor to the Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune (18 July 1867).

For more about this, see: Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof and the Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune


Selected biography

Maad Semou Njekeh Joof was a member of the Joof paternal dynasty of Sine now part of independent Senegal. He was the founder of the Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof, founded in the early eighteenth century. His royal house was the third and last royal house founded by the Joof family of Sine and Saloum. Since its foundation, at least seven kings of Sine from his royal house had succeeded to the throne including his son Maad a Sinig Boukar Tjilas Sanghaie Joof.

In the Serer religion, Semou Njekeh Joof is immortalized in the cult of Tagdiam. The principle shrine of Tagdiam is named after him. It was in Tagdiam where he lived.

More about Maad Semou Njekeh Joof...

Did you know...

  • ...that the Serer creator god (Roog) created the universe and everything in it using his feminine principles according to the Serer creation narrative, and the first human couple were called YAAB and YOP (female and male respectively)?
  • ...that Tiurakh is the god of wealth and success and is normally worshiped and invoked for materialistic reasons?
  • ...that The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune is the proper name for "The Battle of Somb", and although the battle was mainly religious, it also had a political and economic dimension?
The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune
a 19th century Royal War
19th century junjung of Sine
Date 18 July 1867
Location Kingdom of Sine, now part of independent Senegal
14°40′N 17°25′WSenegal
Result Serer victory
Muslim Marabout Serer people
Commanders and leaders
Maba Diakhou Bâ
(Almamy in rebellion)

Damel-Teigne Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr Diop
(King of Cayor and Baol)
Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
(King of Sine"Maad a Sinig")

Maad Amad Ngoneh Joof
(King of Thiouthioune and uncle of Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof)
Units involved

Maba Diakhou Bâ :

Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof :

  • Buumi - Somb
  • The Great Jaraff
  • Maad Patar (King of Patar)
  • The Sandigue Ndiob
  • Maad Amad Ngoneh Joof (King of Thiouthioune)
  • Maad Semou Gallo Joof
  • Mbagne Somb Faye
  • Makhoureja Ngoneh Joof
  • Army of Sine
The Muslim Marabouts prevailed in the early hours of the battle, but the Serer army held firm. In the latter part of the battle the Marabouts were defeated. Maba Diakhou was killed and his body decapitated. Damel-Teigne Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr and Bourba Jolof Alboury Sainabou Njie fled. Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak was injured. Mama Gaolo Nyang was held prisoner.



For more Serer related topics, see Category:Serer people.

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