Portal:Serer religion

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Introduction

The star Yoonir, symbol of the Universe.

The Serer religion, or a ƭat Roog ("the way of the Divine"), is the original religious beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal in West Africa. The Serer religion believes in a universal supreme deity called Roog (or Rog). In the Cangin languages, Roog is referred to as Koox (or Kooh), Kopé Tiatie Cac, Kokh Kox, etc.

The Serer people are found throughout the Senegambia region. In the 20th century, around 85% of the Serer converted to Islam (Sufism), but some are Christians or follow their traditional religion. Traditional Serer religious practices encompass ancient chants and poems, veneration of and offerings to deities as well as spirits (pangool), astronomy, initiation rites, medicine, cosmology and Serer history.

Selected article

Roog (or Rog) is the Supreme God and Creator in Serer religion. In Serer Sine, roog means sky or the heavens. Roog is sometimes referred to as Roog Sene which means Roog the Immensity, or by extension, the merciful god.

More about Roog...

Selected images

Festivals & Events

There are several Serer religious festivals some of which are listed below :

' Daqaar mboob - Diouck - Gamo - Jobai - Khanghere - Mindisse - Mbosseh - Mboudaye - Randou Rande - Raan (held at Tukar, see also Saltigue) - Sam Southieh - The consultation at Ngalagne - The massacre of Cadde - The royal struggle - The session struggle at Ndiaye-Ndiaye - The session struggle Jiloor (Jijaak) - Tobaski - Tourou Peithie - Xoy (main Xoy held at Fatick)

More about religious festivals...

Selected quote

King of Sine Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof's letter to the Muslim marabout Maba Diakhou Bâ following the Surprise attack of Mbin o Ngor - the precursor to the Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune (18 July 1867).

For more about this, see: Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof and the Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune

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Selected biography

Lamane Jegan Joof was a Serer lamane who according to Serer tradition founded the Serer village of Tukar now part of present-day Senegal. The Raan Festival, a major event in the Serer religious calendar takes place each year at Tukar, two weeks after the appearance of the new moon in April. He is reported to have been accompanied by a group of Pangool when he migrated from Lambaye with his brother Ndik following a disagreement with his relative the king of Lambaye. In his epic and the epic of Tukar, he is reported to have canonised the pangool Lunguñ Joof (Serer proper : Lunguñ Juuf).

More about Lamane Jegan Joof...

Did you know...

  • ...that the Serer creator god (Roog) created the universe and everything in it using his feminine principles according to the Serer creation narrative, and the first human couple were called YAAB and YOP (female and male respectively)?
  • ...that Tiurakh is the god of wealth and success and is normally worshiped and invoked for materialistic reasons?
  • ...that The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune is the proper name for "The Battle of Somb", and although the battle was mainly religious, it also had a political and economic dimension?
The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune
a 19th century Royal War
19th century junjung of Sine
Date 18 July 1867
Location Kingdom of Sine, now part of independent Senegal
14°40′N 17°25′WSenegal
Result Serer victory
Belligerents
Muslim Marabout Serer people
Commanders and leaders
Maba Diakhou Bâ
(Almamy in rebellion)

Damel-Teigne Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr Diop
(King of Cayor and Baol)
Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
(King of Sine"Maad a Sinig")

Maad Amad Ngoneh Joof
(King of Thiouthioune and uncle of Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof)
--->
Units involved

Maba Diakhou Bâ :

Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof :

  • Buumi - Somb
  • The Great Jaraff
  • Maad Patar (King of Patar)
  • The Sandigue Ndiob
  • Maad Amad Ngoneh Joof (King of Thiouthioune)
  • Maad Semou Gallo Joof
  • Mbagne Somb Faye
  • Makhoureja Ngoneh Joof
  • Army of Sine
The Muslim Marabouts prevailed in the early hours of the battle, but the Serer army held firm. In the latter part of the battle the Marabouts were defeated. Maba Diakhou was killed and his body decapitated. Damel-Teigne Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr and Bourba Jolof Alboury Sainabou Njie fled. Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak was injured. Mama Gaolo Nyang was held prisoner.

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