Portal:Serbia

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Panoramic view of Belgrade and the confluence of the Sava River and the Danube


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Open-air fire, built with conically arranged long pieces of wood, blazes in the night. Orthodox priest places a long oak sapling with brown leaves on the fire. The priest and the fire are surrounded by a ring of people watching them. In the background, walls of a great church are visible.
Orthodox priest places the badnjak on the fire during Christmas Eve celebration at the Cathedral of Saint Sava in Belgrade.

The badnjak (Cyrillic: бадњак, Serbian pronunciation: [ˈbǎdɲaːk]), also called veseljak (весељак, [ʋɛˈsɛ̌ʎaːk], literally "jovial one" in Serbian), is represented by three types of objects in Serbian Christmas celebrations. The oldest type is a log brought into the house and placed on the fire on the evening of Christmas Eve, much like a yule log in other European traditions. The tree from which the log is cut, preferably a young and straight oak, is ceremonially felled early on the morning of Christmas Eve. The felling, preparation, bringing in, and laying on the fire, are surrounded by elaborate rituals, with many regional variations. The burning of the log is accompanied by prayers that the coming year brings food, happiness, love, luck, and riches. The log burns on throughout Christmas Day, when the first visitor strikes it with a poker or a branch to make sparks fly, requesting that the family's happiness and prosperity be as abundant as the sparks. Another type of the badnjak that has developed among the Serbs has mostly replaced the traditional log, whose burning is usually unfeasible in modern homes. It is a cluster of oak twigs with brown leaves attached, with which the home is decorated on the Eve.


Serbia news

Wikinews Serbia portal
  • July 15: Djokovic withdraws from Wimbledon Championships
  • June 7: Djokovic wins French Open, completes his career Grand Slam
  • January 31: Djokovic beats Murray for fourth time, wins Aus Open 2016
  • January 28: 6-1, 6-2, 3-6 and 6-3: Djokovic beats Federer and advances to Aus Open 2016 Final
  • August 27: Austrian police find dozens dead inside lorry



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Did you know

... that Lazar, a Serbian monk, built the first mechanical clock in Russia in 1404, one of the first in Europe, at the request of Vasily I of Moscow?

... that Jadarite, a new mineral discovered in Jadar in 2006, has almost the exact same chemical formula as Kryptonite?

... that a one-armed Russian military officer became a monk in Praskvica Monastery and built a 3-kilometre (1.9 mi) stone road from Sveti Stefan to the monastery?

... that, based on the research of historian Momčilo Spremić, it is possible that Vuk Branković really betrayed his Serbian allies during the Battle of Kosovo in 1389?

... that the medieval Church of the Holy Mother of God in Donja Kamenica, Serbia, features unusual towers on either side of the entrance?

... that Dragan Velić is the current President of the Union of Serbian Districts and District Units of Kosovo and Metohija of North Kosovo?


Web resources

Tourism

  • National Tourism Organisation of Serbia

Government

  • Government of Serbia
  • National Assembly of Serbia
  • The EU integration Office
  • People's Office of the President
  • National Bank of Serbia
  • Republic of Serbia Statistical Office

Business

  • Doing Business in Serbia
  • Serbian Chamber of Commerce
  • Serbia Investment and Export Promotion Agency

Energy

  • Serbia Energy Business

Other

  • Project Rastko
  • Serbian Heraldry Society
  • Serbian Genealogy Society
  • RTS - Radio Television of Serbia


WikiProjects


Demographics

Population statistics of Serbia (2011 census)
  • Serbia 7,186,862
    • Belgrade region 1,659,440
    • Vojvodina region 1,931,809
    • Šumadija and West Serbia region 2,031,697
    • South and East Serbia region 1,563,916
    • Kosovo and Metohija n/a


Things you can do

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  • undertaking project maintenance – help adding project templates to article and category talk pages – see templates page
    • identifying relevant articles and add {{WikiProject Serbia}} to their talk page.
    • assessing articles for quality and assessment standards – see the assessment page.
    • assessing and recommending resources (online and print) – see the resources page.
  • contributing to the Serbia portal – see the Serbia portal
  • communicating with project members – at the project talk page
  • add missing images – see also Category:Wikipedia requested photographs in Serbia
  • inviting potential members – add {{WPSRB Invite}} to their talk pages.


Selected biography

Petar I Karađorđević

Peter I (Serbian: Petar I Karađorđević, Петар I Карађорђевић) (29 June 1844 – 16 August 1921), was King of Serbia from 1903 to 1918, and subsequently the ruler of Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later 1929 Kingdom of Yugoslavia). He was member of the Royal House of Karađorđević. As the leader of victorious Serbian army in World War I, he also received the nickname "Liberator" (Oslobodilac) after the war. The Western-educated King attempted to liberalise Serbia with the goal of creating a Western-style constitutional monarchy, even translating John Stuart Mill's "On Liberty" into Serbian. Peter chose to "retire" due to ill health following the Balkan Wars which, from a Serb perspective, were a great success. Executive power passed to his son Alexander. The King was relatively inactive during the First World War, although he did occasionally visit trenches to check up on his troops. One memorable visit in 1915 involved Peter, by then 71, picking up a rifle and shooting at enemy soldiers. Following Serbia's military defeat to the forces of Austro-Hungary Peter led the army and civilian refugees through the mountains to the sea on a 'Calvary known to few peoples'. The King had on 24 June 1914 reassigned his royal prerogatives to the Heir apparent Crown Prince Alexander. His last public appearance was on 1 December 1918, when he was proclaimed King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. King Peter I died in Belgrade in 1921 at the age of 77.


Serbian people

Politicians

Category:Serbian politicians

Saints

Category:Serbian saints

Scientists & Inventors

Category:Serbian scientists

Athletes

Category:Serbian sportspeople

Artists

Connected to Serbs or Serbia


Serbian Cities


Largest cities of Serbia (2011 census)

Belgrade - 1,731,425
Novi Sad - 335,701
Niš - 257,867
Priština- 198,000
Prizren - 178,000
Kragujevac - 177,468
Leskovac - 143,962
Subotica - 140,358
Kruševac - 127,429
Kraljevo - 124,554
Zrenjanin - 122,714
Pančevo - 122,252
Šabac - 115,347
Čačak - 114,809
Uroševac - 108,000
Smederevo - 107,528
Sombor - 97,263
Valjevo - 95,631
Peć -95,000


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