Portal:Saudi Arabia

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Saudi Arabia (/ˌsɔːdi əˈrbiə/ (About this soundlisten), /ˌs-/ (About this soundlisten); Arabic: السعوديةas-Saʿūdīyah), officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA; Arabic: المملكة العربية السعوديةal-Mamlakah ʿArabīyah as-Saʿūdīyah, About this soundpronunciation ), is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is the largest sovereign state in the Middle East, geographically the fifth-largest in Asia, second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria and 12th-largest in the world. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south. It is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. Saudi Arabia is the largest economy in the Middle East as of October 2018 and the 18th largest in the world.

The territory that now constitutes Saudi Arabia was the site of several ancient cultures and civilizations. The prehistory of Saudi Arabia shows some of the earliest traces of human activity in the world. The world's second-largest religion, Islam, emerged in modern-day Saudi Arabia. In the early 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad united the population of Arabia and created a single Islamic religious polity. Following his death in 632, his followers rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Arabia, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory (from the Iberian Peninsula in the West to modern day Pakistan in the East) in a matter of decades. Arab dynasties originating from modern-day Saudi Arabia founded the Rashidun (632–661), Umayyad (661–750), Abbasid (750–1517) and the Fatimid (909–1171) caliphates as well as numerous other dynasties in Asia, Africa and Europe.

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A group of statutes of old ruins in Mada'in Saleh

Mada'in Saleh It is an archaeological site located in the northwest of Saudi Arabia, the site is distinguished because it is the most important city of the Nabataeans after Petra morndern day Jordan, it contains the largest southern settlement of the Nabataean Kingdom after Petra, which is separated by a distance of 500 km, the most prominent cultural role to the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD. During the period of prosperity of the Nabataean state and before its fall by the Roman Empire in 106 AD and believed that civilization continued in its civilizations until the 4th century AD, and was the capital of the Kingdom of Lehan, including Madain Saleh.

The Thamudites were the first to inhabit the area for many years and the first to carve the houses on the rock followed by the Nabataeans as mentioned in the Quran in more than one part and it is said that the Thamudites are strong and were taken from the mountains accommodation through the sculpture has been mentioned also in the Quran that they passed the Valley And God sent them to Saleh where he invited them to worship God and leave idols, and God sent them to his Prophet Saleh, where he called them to worship God and left the worship of idols but they did not believe him, and continued to call them, they asked him to come out of them a camel from a big rock they have, He did this, and he called on Allah to bring out the camel of god responded to him.

Monuments of Madain Saleh contains 53 carved rock facades and a number of ancient monuments in a number of possible places. In 2008, the UNESCO has listed the site as World Heritage Site.

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Abraj Al Bait, in Mecca, is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. With a height of 601m, it is considered the 2nd tallest building in the world.

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Kaaba, Al-Masjid Haram
Photo credit: Bluemangoa2z

The Kaaba or Ka'aba also referred as Kaaba Muazzama (Grand Kaaba), is a building at the center of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

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Skyline of Al-Balad (Jeddah Downtown)

Jeddah is one of the governorates of Makkah Region and is located in the west of Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea coast. The province is located 949 km from the capital Riyadh, and is 79 km from Mecca, 420 km away from Medinah, the economic and tourist capital of Saudi Arabia, and is considered the first destination in the Kingdom for tourists both inside and outside the Kingdom, and is the first in terms of projects towers and skyscrapers. With a population of 3,456,259, Jeddah is the second largest city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia after the capital Riyadh, the largest city in Makkah. Makkah is the largest seaport on the Red Sea. It is a financial and business center in Saudi Arabia and a major export port. Non-oil goods and the import of local needs. There are 135 skyscrapers under construction in Jeddah, and there are offices of international banks.

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King Abdullah in Washington D.C. 2005

Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1 August 192423 January 2015) was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to his death in 2015. He ascended to the throne on 1 August 2005 upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd.

Abdullah, like Fahd, was one of the many sons of Ibn Saud, the founder of modern Saudi Arabia. Abdullah held important political posts throughout most of his adult life. In 1961 he became mayor of Mecca, his first public office. The following year, he was appointed commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a post he was still when he became king. He also served as deputy defense minister and was named crown prince when Fahd took the throne in 1982. After King Fahd suffered a serious stroke in 1995, Abdullah became the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia until ascending the throne a decade later.

The king curtailed his activities after June 2010 with no clear explanation. From 2010 to 2012 he underwent several operations and suffered from cartilage slide. King Abdullah left Saudi Arabia on a "special trip" on 27 August 2012. He underwent surgery at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York on or before September 4, 2012, following a heart attack. However, there was no official report on the process. Instead, it was officially announced that the king went on a private trip to Morocco, which he was known to visit frequently. He returned to Saudi Arabia on September 24, 2012.

The Royal Court of Saudi Arabia announced the death of King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud in an official statement on January 23, 2015. He was buried in the Oud cemetery after he prayed at Imam Turki bin Abdullah mosque after the Asr prayer on Friday, January 23, His successor was Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.

He was considered one of the richest people in the world, Forbes Magazine reported in its bulletin on the richest kings in the world published in 2010 that the value of his wealth is estimated at $18 billion.



  • July 1: FIFA World Cup 2018 day 12, 13, 14, 15: Iran, Nigeria, Germany, Senegal out of the tournament
  • June 21: FIFA World Cup 2018 day seven: Portugal, Uruguay, Spain win 1-0
  • June 14: Football: Russia beats Saudi Arabia 5-0 in FIFA World Cup opener
  • May 15: German beer company Eichbaum issues public apology for printing Saudi Arabian flag on beer bottle caps
  • January 8: Saudi Arabia: Princes arrested after protesting austerity
  • December 27: Israeli chess players barred at chess tournament in Saudi Arabia
  • September 28: Saudi Arabia to allow women to drive
  • September 21: Al Jazeera says Snapchat's act a 'clear attack on the rights of journalists' as Snapchat blocks Qatar-based news network's channel in Saudi Arabia
  • July 5: Suicide bomber attacks Medina Mosque before Eid al-Fitr
  • June 29: Suicide bombers attack Istanbul's Ataturk airport
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