Portal:Sasanian Empire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

PortalsHistorySasanian Empire

The Sasanian Empire Portal

SassanianEmpireHistoryofIran.png

The Sasanian Empire (/səˈsɑːnɪən/ or /səˈsnɪən/; also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, or Sassanid) or Neo-Persian Empire, known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān in Middle Persian and resulting in the New Persian terms Iranshahr and Iran, was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 CE to 651 CE. The Sassanid Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognized as one of the main powers in the world, alongside the neighboring Roman–Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.

The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Arsacid Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sassanid Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Israel), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Abkhazia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), the Persian Gulf countries, Yemen, Oman and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sassanid Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani. It was also hypothesized that the transition toward the Sassanid Empire represents the end of struggle of ethnic proto-Persians with their close migrant ethnic relatives, the Parthians, whose original homeland was in modern-day Central Asia.

The Sasanian empire, during Late Antiquity, is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods, and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sassanid period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. Persia influenced Roman civilisation considerably during the Sassanid period. The Sassanids' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in architecture, poetry and other subject matter was transferred from the Sassanids throughout the Muslim world. Even after the fall of the Sasanian empire it remained the ideal model of organization, splendor, and justice in Perso-Arab tradition; and its bureaucracy and royal ideology were imitated by successor states, especially the Abbasid, Ottoman, and Safavid empires.

Selected biography

KhosrauIIDinarHistoryofIran.jpg

Khosrau II (Khosrow II, Chosroes II, or Xosrov II in classical sources, entitled "Aparvez" (later garbled into Parviz), "The Undefeatable" – (Persian: خسرو پرویز , Khosrow Parviz ), was the twenty-second Sassanid King of Iran and the last great king of the Sasanian Empire, reigning from 590 to 628. He was the son of Hormizd IV (reigned 579–590) and the grandson of Khosrau I (reigned 531–579). He was the last king of Persia to have a lengthy reign before the Muslim conquest of Iran, which began five years after his death by assassination. He lost his throne, then recovered it with Roman help, and, a decade later, went on to emulate the feats of the Achaemenids, conquering the rich Roman provinces of the Middle East, much of his reign was taken spent in wars with the Byzantine Empire.

In works of Persian literature such as the Shahnameh and Khosrow and Shirin (Persian: خسرو و شیرین‎‎), a famous tragic romance by Nizami Ganjavi (1141−1209), a highly elaborated fictional version of Khosrau's life made him one of the greatest heroes of the culture, as much as a lover as a king. Khosrow and Shirin tells the story of his love for the Aramean princess Shirin, who becomes his queen after a lengthy courtship strewn with mishaps and difficulties.

New articles

Things to do

Selected picture

Head horse Kerman Louvre MAO132.jpg

Photo credit: Jastrow

Horse head, gilded silver, 4th century, Sassanid art.

Recognised content

Categories

no subcategories

Sassanid Rulers

Related portals

Related WikiProjects

Wikimedia

Sasanian Empire on  Wikinews  Sasanian Empire on  Wikiquote  Sasanian Empire on  Wikibooks  Sasanian Empire on  Wikisource  Sasanian Empire on  Wiktionary  Sasanian Empire on Wikimedia Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Texts Definitions Images & Media
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Sasanian_Empire&oldid=722918615"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Sasanian_Empire
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Sasanian Empire"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA