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Location of Romania within Europe

Romania (dated: Rumania, Roumania; Romanian: România, [ro.mɨˈni.a]) is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe. It shares a border with Hungary to the north-west, Serbia to the south-west, Ukraine to the north and a small portion in the central-east border, Republic of Moldova to the north-east, and Bulgaria to the south. Romania has a stretch of sea coast along the Black Sea in the south-east. It is located roughly in the lower basin of the Danube and almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory.

Romania is a semi-presidential unitary state. As a nation-state, the country was formed by the merging of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859 and it gained recognition of its independence in 1878. Later, in 1918, they were joined by Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. At the end of World War II, parts of its territories (roughly the present day Moldova) were occupied by USSR and Romania became a member of Warsaw Pact. With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Romania started a series of political and economic reforms that enabled Romania to join the European Union on 1 January 2007.

Picture of the Month

Article of the Month

Căile Ferate Române (Romanian Railways, abbreviated as CFR) is the official designation of the state railway carrier of Romania. CFR manages the fourth-largest railway network in Europe, in terms of volume of passengers and freight. The network is significantly interconnected with other European railway networks, providing pan-European passenger and freight services. CFR as an entity has been operating since 1880, even though the first railway on current Romanian territory was opened in 1854.

Technically, CFR is divided into four autonomous companies: CFR Călători, which is responsible for passenger services; CFR Marfă, responsible for freight transport; CFR Infrastructură, which manages the infrastructure on the Romanian railway network; and Societatea Feroviară de Turism, or SFT, which manages scenic and tourist railways.

Place of the week

Timișoara About this sound listen  (Hungarian: Temesvár, German: Temeswar / Temeschburg, Serbian: Temišvar, Turkish: Tamışvar) is a city in the Banat region of western Romania. With a population of 305,977 in 2004 (329,554 in 2000), it is the capital of Timiș County. It is frequently known in English simply as Timisoara.

All of the variants of its name derive from the Timiș River, known in Roman Antiquity as river Tibisis or Tibiscus. Timișoara is a multicultural city with influential minorities, primarily Germans, Magyars, and Serbs, as well as Italians, and Greeks. It was the birthplace of Johnny Weissmuller (an Olympic swimmer, best known for his role as Tarzan). Gustave Eiffel, the creator of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, built Timișoara's footbridge over the Bega. An industrial city with extensive services, it was the first European city to be lit by electric street lamps (the city was part of Austria-Hungary then). Romania is a very interesting place to visit!

Recent events in Romania

More news from: Wikinews - Google -Rompres -Meteo -Mediafax

Did you know ...

...that the Danube Delta in Romania is Europe's second largest and best preserved delta?
...that the Romanian language is the only Romance language where definite articles are enclitic?
...that, with an area of 238,391 km², Romania is the largest country in Southeastern Europe?
...that Romania's Palace of Parliament, despite the building process not being completely finished, is the biggest building in Europe and the second-largest building in the world?
...that Romania renominated its currency, the leu, in July 2005, so that 10,000 old lei equal 1 new leu?
...that Timișoara, a city in western Romania, was the first European city to have electric streetlights (that time part of Austria-Hungary)?
...that Bucharest's RATB mass transit network is the fourth largest in Europe?
...that Romania joined the EU on 1 January 2007?
...that Romania has the highest Internet speed in Europe?

Things you can do


This is just the start of the Romanian Wikiportal. Much needs to be done. So please, help out.

You can now locate any important place in Bucharest (as soon as possible will be ready for all Romanian cities) using a special map: [1] www.bucuresti.com.ro, with a special 3D view.


Other Wikimedia and Wikiportals

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources

Travel guides




Parent portals: Europe | European Union

Related portals: Bucharest

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