Portal:Republic of the Congo

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Republic of the Congo

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Location in Africa

The Republic of the Congo (French: République du Congo; Kongo: 'Repubilika ya Kongo'; Lingala: Republiki ya Kongó), also known as Congo-Brazzaville, Little Congo, or simply the Congo, is a state in Central Africa. It is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly known as Zaire), the Angolan exclave province of Cabinda, and the Gulf of Guinea.

The region was dominated by Bantu tribes, who built trade links leading into the Congo River basin. The republic is a former French colony.[1] Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. The People's Republic of the Congo was a Marxist-Leninist single-party state from 1970 to 1991. Multiparty elections have been held since 1992, although a democratically elected government was ousted in the 1997 Republic of the Congo Civil War.


  1. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook – Congo, Republic of the". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 

Selected article

Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg

The flag of the Republic of the Congo was originally adopted on August 18, 1958. It was abandoned in 1970, at the beginning of the socialist period of the "People's Republic of Congo," but then readopted on June 10, 1991. The colors are the traditional Pan-African colors, and stem from the colors of the flag of Ethiopia. The distinctive diagonal pattern sets it apart from other Pan-African flags.

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Selected biography

Jacques Joachim Yhombi Opango (born 12 January 1939[1]) is a Congolese politician. He was an army officer who became Congo-Brazzaville's first general and served as Head of State of Congo-Brazzaville from 1977 to 1979. He is currently the President of the Rally for Democracy and Development (RDD), a political party, and served as Prime Minister from 1993 to 1996. He was in exile from 1997 to 2007.

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  1. ^ Willy Mbossa, "Cinquantenaire de l'indépendance : aperçu biographique de Joachim Yhombi-Opango", Les Dépêches de Brazzaville, 14 August 2010 (in French).

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