Portal:Ravidassia

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The Ravidassia religion, or Ravidassia Dharam, is a Dharmic religion, founded in the 21st century out of Sikhism, and is based on the teachings of the 14th century Indian guru Ravidas, revered as a satguru.

Historically, Ravidassia represented a range of beliefs in South Asia, with some devotees of Ravidass counting themselves as Ravidassia Sikhs, but there is evidence that Ravidassia Dera first formed in the early 20th-century in colonial British India. The Ravidassia community began to take on more cohesion following 1947, and the establishment of successful Ravidassia communities in the diaspora.

Ravidassias, states Ronki Ram, accept present sants of Ravidass Deras as Guru whereas the Sikhs do not. A new Ravidassia religion was launched following the murder of their cleric Ramanand Dass in Vienna in 2009 by some radical, where the movement declared itself to be a religion fully separated from Sikhism.

Prior to their break from Sikhism, the Dera Bhallan revered and recited the Guru Granth Sahib of Sikhism in Dera Bhallan. However, following their split from mainstream Sikhism, the Dera Bhallan compiled their own holy book based exclusively on Ravidas's teachings, the Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji, and these Dera Bhallan Ravidassia temples now use this book in place of the Guru Granth Sahib.

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Begumpura is a term coined by Shri Guru Ravidass Ji, in the 15th Century, Banaras, India; “Begampura”, Be-gam-pura, or the land without sorrow. The spirit of the verse is this: Begampura is the name of the city where there is no suffering or anxiety, no fear or downfall/ Begampura is the city where there is sovereignty of god/ Where there is lasting peace and safety for all/ All are equal, no one is second or third[6]. In the end, Guru Ravidas' bhajans reflect both a sense of poverty and caste humiliation and a desire to find a utopia without suffering, taxes or property; one that is, in the hymn “Begumpura” Guru Ravidass Ji postulates the world of his dreams. There will be no distress, no tax, no restriction from going and coming, no fear in the world. It will be an ideal place to live in. The preamble of the The Human Rights Charter of the United Nations has been prepared inconformity with theme of this hymn of Sri Guru Ravidass Ji. above all, a Begumpura or 'Queen City' of companionship:

The regal realm with the sorrowless name they call it Begumpura, a place with no pain, no taxes or cares, none owns property there, no wrongdoing, worry, terror, or torture. Oh my brother, I've come to take it as my own, my distant home, where everything is right... They do this or that, they walk where they wish, they stroll through fabled palaces unchallenged. Oh, says Ravidas, a tanner now set free, those who walk beside me are my friends

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The details of Guru Ravidas' life are controversial. According to some he was born in 1376/7 or else 1399 CE but many scholars offer later dates. Schaller estimates his lifespan as 1450-1520[3] while the Encyclopædia Britannica contents itself with a floreat of 15th-16th century CE.[4] Partly this is due to traditions that make him, on one hand, like his contemporary Kabir the disciple of Ramananda (he is mentioned as such c.1600 CE in Nabhadas' Bhaktamal) but also, on the other, the guru of Meera (according to a song attributed to her:[5] "guru miliyaa raidasjee"). However, as Schaller points out, the importance of such claims lies in their establishing the authority of a lineage of gurus (parampara). One may count oneself a disciple of a master without having actually met him.

His origin and parents are also given differently. According to history he was born in a village named Seer Govardhanpur, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India: his father Baba Santokh Das was a leather merchant (chamar) and Mata Kalsa Devi was his mother. His father got him married to Mata Lona Devi at early age and according to the Ravidas Purana he had a son named Vijaydas. A region between Ahmednagar and Benares is named after him.

The queen of Chittorgarh is said to have been a disciple (this may be connected with Meera, who was married to the ruler of Chittorgarh). It is said that the conservative Brahmins of Kashi could not stand the popularity of this "untouchable saint". A complaint was made to the king that he was working against age-old norms of social order (varnashrama dharma) - a cobbler was not supposed to talk of God or do work of advising or teaching. The ruler arranged for an assembly of learned men. Ravidas was also invited and was felicitated publicly. A procession was arranged (shobha yatra) and the king himself participated.

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Harr Nishaan, a symbol of Ravidassia religion in Hindi

Harr Nishaan, a symbol of Ravidassia religion in Hindi

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DYK question mark
  • Ravi means Sun and Dass means Servant
  • Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji is the holy book of Ravidassia Religion
  • Harr Nishaan is the religious symbol of Ravidassia Religion
  • Sri Guru Ravidass Janamsthan, Varanasi is the ultimate place for pilgrimage for Ravidassias

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  • Add {{Portal|Ravidassia}} to the See also section of Ravidassia-related articles.
  • Tag the talk pages of Ravidassia-related articles with {{WikiProject Ravidassia}}
  • Join WikiProject Ravidassia and list yourself as a Participant in the project.
  • Add all new articles within the scope of the project to the list at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ravidassia/Articles
  • Suggest new feature articles and pictures.
  • Looking for timeliness of Ravidassia history, starting from first Bhakti Movement till date. Diagram would be easy to understand and references of other religions in India on same chart would be a great help.

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Books
Ravidassia (book)

Outline of Ravidassia

History of Ravidassia: Timeline Miracles Guru Ravidass as a Promising Student Brings a Dead Son Alive Rescues Brahman Boy Floating Pathri in River Ganga Janjus of Four Yugs Bhallanath Killing against Guru Ravidass Disgrace Military History

Major Figures: Guru RavidassDisciples Raja Pipa Raja Nagar Mal Rani Jhalan Bai Meera Bai Bibi Bhanmati Karma BaiSant Kabir Tarlochan Sain Dhanna Sant Ramanand

Ravidassia Leaders Sants: Ravidassia Sants Sant Ramanand Ravidassia Sant Samaj

Guru Ravidass Udasis: Udasi-1 Udasi-2 Udasi-3

Dharma or Concepts: Ravidassia MythsReligious Terminology

Texts: Religious Holy BookAmritbani Guru Ravidass Ji

Symbols: Religious SymbolHarr NishaanSaunh

Festivals: Religious FestivalsRavidassia ArtiGuru Ravidass Jayanti

Ultimate Pilgrimage/Bhawans/Mandirs/Gurudwaras (Temples): Religious PlacesShri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthan Mandir • BegumpuraRavidassia DerasList of Ravidassias Religious Places

Belief and Practices: RavidassiaMeditation in the Ravidasi FaithRavidassia ArtiRavidassia Tenets

Famous Ravidassias: RavidassiaList of Famous Ravidassias

Countries and Regions Guru Ravidass Jayanti Religious Social Organisation:Dera BallanShri Guru Ravidas Mission London

Movements: Religious MovementsBhakti MovementsRavidassia Movements • Panjab Ad-Dharmi Movement • Uttar Pradesh Jatav Movement • Madhya Pradesh Ahirwar Movement • Chhattisgarh Satnami Movement • Andhra & Karnatka Madiga Movement

Terminologies: Religious TerminologyNaamDaanSewadarsSmagamShobha Yatra

Conflicts: Religious ConflictsVienna Attack

Newspapers: Religious NewspaperBegumpura Shaher

Castes and Gotras:List of Ravidassias Gotras

Politics: Begumpura Lok PartyPolitical view of Ravidassias

Literature:List of Books on Ravidassias

Contributions:Ravidassia Relationship with SikhismRavidassia Relationship with HinduismRavidassia Relationship with MuslimsRavidassia Relationship with Christianity

Related topics: CriticismComparative StudiesCultural elements

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