Portal:Punk rock

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Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk bands typically produced short or fast-paced songs, with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; many bands self-produce recordings and distribute them through independent record labels and other informal channels.

The term "punk rock" was first used by certain American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and subsequent acts then perceived as stylistic inheritors. Between 1974 and 1976 the movement now bearing the name "punk rock" emerged. It produced a new generation of bands such as the Ramones, Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, Richard Hell and the Voidoids in New York City, the Sex Pistols, the Clash, the Damned and, Buzzcocks in the UK, and the Saints in Brisbane—by late-1976 these acts were generally recognized as forming its vanguard. As 1977 approached, punk rock became a major and highly controversial cultural phenomenon in the United Kingdom. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion characterized by distinctive styles of clothing and adornment (ranging from deliberately offensive T-shirts, leather jackets, studded or spiked bands and jewelry, as well as bondage and S&M clothes) and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies that have since been associated with the form.

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Pop punk is a fusion genre combining the catchy attributes of some of the original punk rock groups with trends in contemporary pop music. Pop punk music is usually more melodic and cleaner-sounding than the original punk rock music of the late 1970s. It developed in several cities throughout the world in the 1980s and early 1990s, although it was largely California-based bands that achieved widespread popularity in the mid 1990s. The sound broke into the mainstream with the popularity of Green Day and The Offspring's respective albums, Dookie and Smash. Other pop punk bands who have achieved mainstream success include blink-182, Good Charlotte, Simple Plan, Sum 41, New Found Glory, Fall Out Boy, and original Panic! at the Disco.

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The Clash were an English rock group that existed from 1976 to 1986. One of the most successful and iconic bands from the original wave of punk rock in the late 1970s, they went on to incorporate punk with reggae, rockabilly, dance and eventually many other music styles into their repertoire. They were legendary for their uncommonly intense stage performances.

From their earliest days as a band, The Clash stood apart from their peers with their musicianship, as well as their lyrics; the passionate, left wing political idealism in the lyrics of frontmen Joe Strummer and Mick Jones contrasted with the anarchic nihilism of the Sex Pistols and the basic simplicity of The Ramones. Although they were a major success in the United Kingdom from the release of their first album in 1977, they did not become popular in the United States until 1980.

Their third album, the late 1979 release London Calling is considered by many critics one of the greatest albums in the entire history of rock music; it was then released in the U.S. in January, 1980 and a decade later Rolling Stone magazine declared it the best album of the 1980s.

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