Portal:Punjab

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The Punjab (/pʌnˈɑːb/ (About this sound listen), /-ˈæb/, /ˈpʌnɑːb/, /-æb/), also spelled Panjab, panj-āb, land of "five rivers" (Punjabi: پنجاب (Shahmukhi); ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi)), is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India. Not being a political unit, the boundaries of the region are ill-defined and focus on historical accounts.

The Punjab region has been inhabited by Indus Valley Civilisation, Indo-Aryan peoples, Indo-Scythians and has seen numerous invasions by the Persians, Greeks, Kushans, Ghaznavids, Timurids, Mughals, Afghans, British and others. The foreign invaders mainly targeted the most productive central region of the Punjab known as the Majha region, which is also the bedrock of Panjabi culture and traditions. The people of the Punjab today are called Punjabis and their principal language is called Punjabi. The main religions of the Punjab region are Islam, Sikhism and Hinduism. Other religious groups are Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism.

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Punjabi language in the Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi scripts.
Punjabi (Shahmukhi: پنجابی; Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), is an Indo-Iranian language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 10th most widely spoken language in the world. It is the native language of the Punjabi people who inhabit the historical Punjab region.

Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the 11th most widely spoken in India and the third-most spoken native language in South Asia. Punjabi is the fourth-most spoken language in the United Kingdom and third-most spoken native language (after English and French) in Canada. The language also has a significant presence in the United Arab Emirates, United States, Saudi Arabia, and Australia. The Punjabi language is written in the Shahmukhi and Gurumukhi scripts, making it one of the relatively few languages written in more than one script.

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portrait of Harjit Sajjan
Jagmeet Singh (born January 2, 1979), is a Canadian politician. He has represented the riding of Bramalea—Gore—Malton in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario since 2011 and served as deputy leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party from 2015 to 2017. He is the first turban-wearing Sikh to sit as a provincial legislator in Ontario, as well as the first to hold a deputy leader position in Canada. Before entering politics, Singh was a trial lawyer. Singh announced his intention to run for the leadership of the federal NDP on May 15, 2017.

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Coin of Maues.jpg


Coin of the Scythian king Maus, about 80 BC.

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There is a Shahmukhi پنجابی‬ version of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

There is a Gurmukhi ਪੰਜਾਬੀ version of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


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