Portal:Presidency of the Philippines

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The Presidency of the Philippines Portal


The official title of the president is the "President of the Philippines," as specified in the present Constitution of the Philippines (1987). The honorific for the President of the Philippines is "Your Excellency" or "His/Her Excellency", adopted from the title of the Governor-General of the Philippines during Spanish and American occupation. The term "President of the Republic of the Philippines" is commonly, but erroneously, used, dating back to when President José P. Laurel wanted to express the difference between his government and the previous Commonwealth government (then in exile) under President Manuel L. Quezon. The restoration of the Commonwealth in 1945 and the subsequent independence of the Philippines led to the restoration of the constitutionally-sanctioned title "President of the Philippines" until President Ferdinand E. Marcos proclaimed martial law and once more wanted to differentiate his government from those that came before. It was then that "President of the Republic of the Philippines" was adopted and indeed, specified in the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines. However, that Constitution was superseded by a new one in 1987 which restored the more traditional "President of the Philippines."

Philippine Presidents in History


Election data for the month


Candidate Party Votes %
Manuel Luis Quezon Nacionalista Party 1,340,320 81.78%
Juan Sumulong Popular Front 298,608 18.22%

The second presidential election were held on November 11, 1941 in the Philippines. Incumbent President Manuel Luis Quezon won an unprecedented second partial term as President of the Philippines via a landslide. His running mate, Vice President Sergio Osmeña also won via landslide. The elected officials however, did not serve their terms from 1942 to 1945 due to World War II. In 1943, a Japanese-sponsored Republic was established and appointed José P. Laurel as president. From 1943 to 1945, the Philippines had two presidents. Quezon died in 1944 due to tuberculosis and was replaced by Sergio Osmeña.

Presidential picture of the week


LBJ meets with Ferdinand Marcos in Manila 1966-10-23.JPG
October 23, 1966: U.S. President Lyndon Johnson talks with Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, with Imelda Marcos looking on. LBJ and the leaders of South Vietnam, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and Thailand were in Manila for a summit meeting focusing mostly on the Vietnam War.
Photo credit: White House Photograph Office

Selected article for the month


The Philippines was under a state of emergency, announced by presidential spokesperson Ignacio Bunye on the morning of February 24, 2006, by the virtue of Proclamation No. 1017. This occurred after the government claimed that it foiled an alleged coup d'état attempt against the administration of Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo earlier that same day. The Philippine government security service also claimed that it had arrested a general who was involved in the coup attempt. The president lifted the state of emergency on March 3, 2006 by the virtue of Proclamation No. 1021. (more...)

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Ramos Pentagon.jpg

Presidential Quotes


  • My loyalty to my party ends where my loyalty to the country begins --- Manuel L. Quezon
  • I had a very difficult and complex relationship with my father, ... It was only when I was 15 years old that I was able to breathe a little and realize all that my father had done --- Ramon Magsaysay
  • These nuclear tests are serious blows to regional security and to the global non-proliferation regime and international nuclear disarmament efforts --- Fidel Ramos
  • The Philippines will yet emerge as a prosperous, modern nation within our lifetimes --- Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  • General Primo de Rivera paid the first installment of $400,000 while the two Generals were hold as hostages in Biak-na-bato --- Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Peace, ... is crucial, because my government aims to hasten Mindanao's development by transforming it into the country's food basket --- Joseph Estrada

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