Portal:Prague

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Introduction

Bridges across the Vltava, in Prague, Czech Republic.
Bridges across the Vltava, in Prague, Czech Republic.
Flag of Prague.svg

Prague (/prɑːɡ/; Czech: Praha [ˈpraɦa] (About this sound listen), German: Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of 2.6 million. The city has a temperate climate, with warm summers and chilly winters.

Prague has been a political, cultural and economic centre of central Europe complete with a rich history. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque eras, Prague was the capital of the kingdom of Bohemia and the main residence of several Holy Roman Emperors, most notably of Charles IV (r. 1346–1378). It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War and in 20th-century history as the capital of Czechoslovakia, during both World Wars and the post-war Communist era.

Prague is home to a number of famous cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe. Main attractions include the Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

Selected location article

Celetná ulice.JPG

Celetná (Zeltnergasse) is a street in the Old Town, Prague, connecting the Old Town Square with the Powder Gate. It is one of the oldest streets in Prague and is part of the Royal Route. Read more...

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Selected area article

Prague 07-2016 Mezibranska.jpg

The New Town (Czech: Nové Město) is a quarter in the city of Prague in the Czech Republic. New Town is the youngest and largest of the five independent (from the Middle Ages until 1784) towns that today comprise the historic center of modern Prague. New Town was founded in 1348 by Charles IV just outside the city walls to the east and south of the Old Town and encompassed an area of 7.5 km²; about three times the size of the Old Town. The population of Prague in 1378 was well over 40,000, perhaps as much as twice that, making it the 4th most populated city north of the Alps and, by area, the 3rd largest city in Europe. Although New Town can trace its current layout to its construction in the 14th century, only few churches and administrative buildings from this time survive. There are many secular and educational buildings in New Town, but also especially magnificent gothic and baroque churches. These nevertheless are not the main drawing points for tourists. New Town's most famous landmark is Wenceslas Square, which was originally built as a horsemarket and now functions as a center of commerce and tourism. In the 15th century, the Novoměstská radnice, or New Town Hall, was the site of the first of the three defenestrations of Prague. Read more...

Selected environment article

Prague SPOT 1030.jpg

Prague has an Oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb). The winters are relatively cold with average temperatures at about freezing point, and with very little sunshine. Snow cover can be common between mid-November and late March although snow accumulations of more than 20 cm (8 in) are infrequent. There are also a few periods of mild temperatures in winter. Summers usually bring plenty of sunshine and the average high temperature of 24 °C (75 °F). Nights can be quite cool even in summer, though. Precipitation in Prague (and most of the Bohemian lowland) is rather low (just over 500 mm [20 in] per year) since it is located in the rain shadow of the Sudetes and other mountain ranges. The driest season is usually winter while late spring and summer can bring quite heavy rain, especially in form of thundershowers. Temperature inversions are relatively common between mid-October and mid-March bringing foggy, cold days and sometimes moderate air pollution. Prague is also a windy city with common sustained western winds and an average wind speed of 16 km/h (9.9 mph) that often help break temperature inversions and clear the air in cold months.

Climate data for Prague (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
28.8
(83.8)
32.5
(90.5)
37.2
(99)
37.8
(100)
37.4
(99.3)
33.1
(91.6)
27.0
(80.6)
19.5
(67.1)
17.4
(63.3)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
3.2
(37.8)
8.2
(46.8)
14.5
(58.1)
19.5
(67.1)
22.0
(71.6)
24.7
(76.5)
24.0
(75.2)
18.9
(66)
13.2
(55.8)
6.2
(43.2)
2.1
(35.8)
13.2
(55.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.7
(38.7)
8.6
(47.5)
13.7
(56.7)
16.5
(61.7)
18.5
(65.3)
18.0
(64.4)
13.5
(56.3)
8.7
(47.7)
3.4
(38.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.6
(47.5)
Average low °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.1
(32.2)
3.1
(37.6)
8.5
(47.3)
11.0
(51.8)
12.9
(55.2)
12.7
(54.9)
8.8
(47.8)
4.9
(40.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F) −27.5
(−17.5)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−8
(18)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.9
(35.4)
6.7
(44.1)
6.4
(43.5)
0.7
(33.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
−16.9
(1.6)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−27.6
(−17.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23.5
(0.925)
22.6
(0.89)
28.1
(1.106)
38.2
(1.504)
77.2
(3.039)
72.7
(2.862)
66.2
(2.606)
69.6
(2.74)
40.0
(1.575)
30.5
(1.201)
31.9
(1.256)
25.3
(0.996)
525.8
(20.701)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 17.9
(7.05)
15.9
(6.26)
10.3
(4.06)
2.9
(1.14)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
8.4
(3.31)
15.9
(6.26)
71.4
(28.11)
Average precipitation days 6.8 5.6 6.2 7.3 9.8 10.3 9.1 8.8 7.0 5.5 7.0 6.8 90.2
Average relative humidity (%) 86 83 77 69 70 71 70 71 76 81 87 88 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 50.0 72.4 124.7 167.6 214.0 218.3 226.2 212.3 161.0 120.8 53.9 46.7 1,667.9
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net
Source #2: NOAA
Read more...

Selected arts article

Notre Dame de Paris DSC 0846w.jpg

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. The style evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. It originated in 12th-century France and lasted into the 16th century.

Its most prominent features included the use of the rib vault and the flying buttress, which allowed the weight of the roof to be supported and counterbalanced by buttresses outside the nave, allowing greater height and more space for windows. Another important feature was the extensive use of stained glass, and the rose window, to bring light and color to the interior. Another feature was the use of realistic statuary on the exterior, particularly over the portals, to illustrate biblical stories for the largely illiterate parishioners.These technologies had all existed in Romanesque architecture, but they were used in more innovative ways and more extensively in Gothic architecture to make buildings taller, lighter and stronger. Read more...

Selected religion article

Hradschin-fullview.jpg
The following is a list of bishops and archbishops of Prague. The bishopric of Prague was established in 973, and elevated to an archbishopric on 30 April 1344. The current Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Prague is the continual successor of the bishopric established in 973 (with a 140-year sede vacante in the Hussite era). In addition, the city also has an Orthodox archeparchy (archbishopric), Greek Catholic exarchate and the Prague diocese and patriarchate of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church seat in Prague. Read more...

Selected sports article

Athletic Club Sparta Praha (Czech pronunciation: [ˈaː ˈt͡sɛː ˈsparta ˈpraɦa]), commonly known as Sparta Prague, is a Czech football club based in Prague.

It is the most successful club in the Czech Republic and one of the most successful in central Europe, winning the central European Cup (also known as the Mitropa Cup) three times as well as having reached the semi-finals of the European Cup (now the UEFA Champions League) in 1992 and the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1973. Sparta have also been successful on the international stage, winning the Small Club World Cup, the predecessor to the FIFA Club World Cup, in 1969. Read more...

Selected education article

Charles University, known also as Charles University in Prague (Czech: Univerzita Karlova; Latin: Universitas Carolina; German: Karls-Universität) or historically as the University of Prague (Latin: Universitas Pragensis), is the oldest and largest university in the Czech Republic. Founded in 1348, it was the first university in Central Europe. It is one of the oldest universities in Europe in continuous operation and ranks in the upper 1.5 percent of the world’s best universities.

Its seal shows its protector Emperor Charles IV, with his coats of arms as King of the Romans and King of Bohemia, kneeling in front of St. Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia. It is surrounded by the inscription, Sigillum Universitatis Scolarium Studii Pragensis (English: Seal of the Prague academia). Read more...

Selected transportation article

Line B (Czech: Linka B) is a line on the Prague Metro. Chronologically the third to open, it was first opened in 1985 and continued to expand in the 1990s. Currently it is the longest line in the network with 24 stations and 25.6 kilometres (15.9 mi) of track. Read more...

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