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Introduction to Pokémon


Pokémon (ポケモン, Pokemon, /ˈpkmɒn/) is a media franchise owned by a popular video game producer Nintendo and created by Satoshi Tajiri around 1995. Originally released as a pair of interlinkable Game Boy role-playing video games, Pokémon has since become the second most successful and lucrative videogame-based media franchise in the world, falling only behind Nintendo's Mario series. Pokémon properties have since been merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, and other media. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006, and as of December 1, 2006, cumulative sold units of the video games (including home console versions) have reached more than 155 million copies, Pokémon were meant for all people to have fun and enjoy and have fun with each other and their Pokémon.

The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand, "Pocket Monsters" (ポケットモンスター, Poketto Monsutā), as such contractions are extremely common in Japan. The term "Pokémon", in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 801 fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the recent release of the newest Pokémon role-playing games (RPGs) for the Nintendo 3DS, Pokémon X and Y. As with the words deer and sheep, the singular and plural forms of the word "Pokémon" do not differ, nor does each individual species name; in short, it is grammatically correct to say both "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon". Nintendo originally translated Poketto Monsutā literally, but a naming conflict with the Monster in My Pocket toy line caused Nintendo to rebrand the franchise as "Pokémon" in early 1996. The game's catchphrase in the Japanese language versions of the franchise is "ポケモンGETだぜ! (Pokémon Getto Daze! - Let's Get Pokémon!)"; in English language versions of the franchise, it was originally "Gotta catch 'em all!," although it was dropped after Pokémon Crystal, before returning in promotional materials for Pokémon X and Y, and the spin-off series Pokémon Chronicles.

In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon representation agreement. Pokémon USA Inc., a subsidiary of Japan's Pokémon Co., now oversees all Pokémon licensing outside of Asia.

Selected Pokémon

Squirtle (ゼニガメ, Zenigame), known as the Tiny Turtle Pokémon, are selectable as one of three "Starter Pokémon" at the beginning Pokémon Red and Blue for Game Boy and Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen for Game Boy Advance. Aside from Pokémon Yellow, Squirtle are not acquirable anywhere else in the games, other than choosing one as your first Pokémon, or trading for one. A Squirtle will evolve into the stronger Wartortle upon reaching Level 16. When feeling threatened, Squirtle spray water from their mouth with great force.[1] Their shells are extremely resilient, and provide excellent protection. [2] The shell's rounded shape and the grooves on its surface help minimize resistance in water, enabling this Pokémon to swim at high speeds.[3]

In the animated series, Ash Ketchum, Brock, and Misty encounter a gang of five Squirtle known as the Squirtle Squad. They first appear as delinquents, but their interactions with Ash and Co. result in them becoming honorary firefighters of their town. The leader of the gang, however, chooses to go with Ash. Eventually, the Squirtle parts ways with Ash in order to lead its old gang, suffering a lack of proper guidance. Despite returning to its hometown, Squirtle will happily aid Ash whenever he requests it.

Aside from the main games, Squirtle appears in Super Smash Bros. Melee as one of many Pokémon balloon floats in the stage Pokéfloats; it is the first Pokéfloat to appear. Squirtle is also a playable character in the sequel Super Smash Bros. Brawl, as part of the Pokémon Trainer's team, which also includes Ivysaur and Charizard.[4] In this game, Squirtle has access to three moves: Water Gun, Withdraw, and Waterfall. When the Pokémon Trainer uses his Final Smash, "Triple Finish", he sends out all of his Pokémon to combine their strongest attacks; for Squirtle, it is Hydro Pump.[4] more...

Did you know?

  • ... that Abra, Kadabra, and Alakazam have received mixed reception, some arguing that they represented the occult?
  • ... that the glitch MissingNo. occurs as a result of buffer data containing the player's name not being cleared?
  • ... that Mr. Mime has been criticized as being a bad combination of mimes and clowns?
  • ... that the skin color of Jynx was modified because of complaints that the original design was racist?
  • ... that Koffing and Weezing have been described as examples of Japanese shinto practices?
  • ... that the Kalos region took heavy influences from France?



  1. ^ Pokédex: Shoots water at prey while in the water. Withdraws into its shell when in danger. Game Freak (1999-10-19). Pokémon Yellow. Game Boy. Nintendo. 
  2. ^ Pokédex: It shelters itself in its shell, then strikes back with spouts of water at every opportunity. Game Freak (2007-04-22). Pokémon Diamond and Pearl. Nintendo DS. Nintendo. 
  3. ^ Pokédex: Squirtle's shell is not merely used for protection. The shell's rounded shape and the grooves on its surface help minimize resistance in water, enabling this Pokémon to swim at high speeds. Game Freak (2003-03-17). Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo. 
  4. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Dojo was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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