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Introduction to Pokémon


Pokémon (ポケモン, Pokemon, /ˈpkmɒn/) is a media franchise owned by a popular video game producer Nintendo and created by Satoshi Tajiri around 1995. Originally released as a pair of interlinkable Game Boy role-playing video games, Pokémon has since become the second most successful and lucrative videogame-based media franchise in the world, falling only behind Nintendo's Mario series. Pokémon properties have since been merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, and other media. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006, and as of December 1, 2006, cumulative sold units of the video games (including home console versions) have reached more than 155 million copies, Pokémon were meant for all people to have fun and enjoy and have fun with each other and their Pokémon.

The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand, "Pocket Monsters" (ポケットモンスター, Poketto Monsutā), as such contractions are extremely common in Japan. The term "Pokémon", in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 801 fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the recent release of the newest Pokémon role-playing games (RPGs) for the Nintendo 3DS, Pokémon X and Y. As with the words deer and sheep, the singular and plural forms of the word "Pokémon" do not differ, nor does each individual species name; in short, it is grammatically correct to say both "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon". Nintendo originally translated Poketto Monsutā literally, but a naming conflict with the Monster in My Pocket toy line caused Nintendo to rebrand the franchise as "Pokémon" in early 1996. The game's catchphrase in the Japanese language versions of the franchise is "ポケモンGETだぜ! (Pokémon Getto Daze! - Let's Get Pokémon!)"; in English language versions of the franchise, it was originally "Gotta catch 'em all!," although it was dropped after Pokémon Crystal, before returning in promotional materials for Pokémon X and Y, and the spin-off series Pokémon Chronicles.

In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon representation agreement. Pokémon USA Inc., a subsidiary of Japan's Pokémon Co., now oversees all Pokémon licensing outside of Asia.

Selected Pokémon

Caterpie (キャタピー, Kyatapī), known as the Worm Pokémon, are larval Pokémon found in the wild early in the Kanto and Johto regions. In main series Pokémon games set in these regions, Caterpie are among the earliest and easiest Pokémon species caught by players, as they are very weak. They can be evolved into their cocoon-like Metapod form and eventually into the butterfly-like Butterfree form. Caterpie resembles a green caterpillar with yellow ring-shaped markings down its body. Its most notable characteristic is the bright orange antennae on its head. These and the large eye-shaped markings help to startle predators. Their green bodies are useful for camouflage in foliage,[1] their eyes are patterned to scare away predators,[2] their suction-cup feet allow them to climb any surface,[3] and the osmeterium on their heads can project a horrid stench to repel predators.[4] It bears a resemblance to the spicebush swallowtail caterpillar. more...

Did you know?

  • ... that Abra, Kadabra, and Alakazam have received mixed reception, some arguing that they represented the occult?
  • ... that the glitch MissingNo. occurs as a result of buffer data containing the player's name not being cleared?
  • ... that Mr. Mime has been criticized as being a bad combination of mimes and clowns?
  • ... that the skin color of Jynx was modified because of complaints that the original design was racist?
  • ... that Koffing and Weezing have been described as examples of Japanese shinto practices?
  • ... that the Kalos region took heavy influences from France?



  1. ^ Pokédex: It crawls into foliage where it camouflages itself among leaves that are the same color as its body. Game Freak (2001-07-29). Pokémon Crystal. Game Boy Color. Nintendo. 
  2. ^ Pokédex: It has large, eye-like patterns on its head as protection. They are used to frighten off enemies. Game Freak (2000-03-06). Pokémon Stadium. Nintendo 64. Nintendo. 
  3. ^ Pokédex: Its short feet are tipped with suction pads that enable it to tirelessly climb slopes and walls. Game Freak (1998-09-30). Pokémon Red and Blue. Game Boy. Nintendo. 
  4. ^ Pokédex: For protection, it releases a horrible stench from the antenna on its head to drive away enemies. Game Freak (2000-10-15). Pokémon Gold. Game Boy. Nintendo. 

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