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Pittsburgh is the second largest city in Pennsylvania and its metropolitan area ranks as the largest in both Appalachia and the Ohio River Valley while being the 22nd largest urban area in the United States.

Pittsburgh is dominated by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers which form the Ohio River. This strategic juncture was a major site of the North American theater of the Seven Years' War, with Great Britain winning control in 1758 to establish Fort Pitt in honor of "The Great Commoner", William Pitt. Following the American Revolution, the area grew as an important transportation center and primary gateway to the American frontier. 19th century coal and iron production made Pittsburgh into the world leader of steel and by 1910 the city was the eighth largest in the United States. With the collapse of American industries in the 1980s, Pittsburgh lost population but has successfully transitioned its economy into a world leader of healthcare, technology, education, and financial services.

Pittsburgh is known colloquially as "The Steel City", for its continued leadership in steel production, as well as "The City of Bridges" for its world record 466 structures. The city's official colors of black and gold are so symbolic that all pro-sports teams from the area, the Penguins, Pirates, and Steelers have also adopted them. Multiple publications have named Pittsburgh the "most livable city" in the United States for its low crime, affordability, and plentiful educational, cultural, and recreational amenities with its skyline vistas ranked by USA Today as second only to the Grand Canyon.

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~ David McCullough

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PVGP 2008.jpg
Photo credit: Ddelbianco
The Pittsburgh Vintage Grand Prix on Serpentine Drive in Schenley Park

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View of Sixth, Seventh and Ninth Street Bridges from downriver
The Three Sisters are three very similar self-anchored suspension bridges spanning the Allegheny River in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania at 6th, 7th, and 9th streets, generally running north/south. The bridges have been given formal names to honor important Pittsburgh residents:

Designed by the Allegheny County Department of Public Works, they were all built in a four year period, from 1924 to 1928, by the American Bridge Company, replacing earlier bridges of various designs at the same sites. Their construction was mandated by the War Department, citing navigable river clearance concerns. They are constructed of steel, and use steel eyebars in lieu of cables.

The Three Sisters are historically significant because they are the only trio of nearly identical bridges, as well as the first self-anchored suspension spans, built in the United States. They are among the only surviving examples of large eyebar chain suspension bridges in America, and furthermore, unusual for having been erected using cantilever methods. The bridges’ design was viewed as a creative response to the political, commercial, and aesthetic concerns of Pittsburgh in the 1920s.

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Mike Ditka
Michael Keller Ditka, Jr. (born October 18, 1939 in Carnegie, Pennsylvania), also known as "Iron Mike", is a former American football NFL player and coach, he is currently a television commentator and personality. Ditka was an All-American for the University of Pittsburgh's football team, and had a Hall of Fame professional career playing at tight end. He coached the Chicago Bears for 11 years and New Orleans Saints for 3 years. Ditka and Tom Flores are the only two people to win Super Bowls as a player, an assistant coach and a head coach. Ditka was the only individual to participate in the last two Chicago Bears' championships, as a player in 1963 and as head coach in 1985. Ditka has also done guest spots and cameos on shows from L.A. Law to Saturday Night Live, and 3rd Rock from the Sun. In 2005, Mike Ditka portrayed himself in the comedy Kicking & Screaming.

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View of the new addition joining the former Post Office building (original Children's Museum location) to the left and Buhl Planetarium building to the right
The Children's Museum of Pittsburgh is a children's museum located in Pittsburgh's Allegheny Center neighborhood in the city's Northside. The museum was founded in 1983 in the old Allegheny Post Office, gifted to the museum by the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation. The museum has since expanded and hosts both traveling exhibits as well as permanent interactive exhibits that include: The Studio, The Attic, Garage and Workshop, The Theater, Waterplay, The Nursery, Welcome to Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, Interactive Arts, and The Backyard.

The museum is also known for hosting a variety of programs for children, such as the Create a Comic Project, and taking part in educational focus field trips with local schools.


Pitt Panthers basketball at the Petersen Events Center
The Pittsburgh Panthers, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers, are the athletic teams of University of Pittsburgh. Pitt fields 19 varsity teams at the highest level of competitive collegiate athletics in the United States, NCAA Division I, which compete as members of the Big East Conference, Eastern Wrestling League, East Atlantic Gymnastics League, and Eastern College Athletic Conference. The 26 time bowl qualifying football team founded in 1889 and the thirty time tournament qualifying basketball team founded in 1905, are the most popular sports Pitt fields and enjoy significant local and national followings. Heinz Field hosts the football team and the Petersen Events Center hosts the basketball team.

The university's athletic program is one of only five current NCAA Division 1A schools to have won multiple national championships in both football (9) and basketball (2), and the Panthers have been ranked as having among the best combinations of football and basketball programs by multiple publications. Pitt was ranked as having the fifth best combination of football and basketball programs in CBSSports.com's Flourishing Five ranking in 2010. In its "Hoops & Helmets" list of the best combinations, CollegeFootballNews.com has ranked Pitt fifth in 2010 and 3rd in 2009.



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Sister cities

On this day in Pittsburgh history...


2009 G-20 Pittsburgh summit
  • (2009) The G-20 opens at the convention center hosting 13 Presidents, 8 Secretary Generals/Chairmen, 10 PMs, a King & Chancellor.
  • (2011) Josh Harrison's 4 hits including a double, triple & stolen base with Neil Walker's 3 hits to a 4-3 win v Cincinnati at PNC Park. Brad Lincoln gets the win & Jason Grilli earns his 1st save as a Pirate.
  • (2012) Paul Spadafora's manager sues the boxer at the courthouse.
  • (2013) The Pirates clinch their 1st playoff spot since their three straight NLCS appearances from 1990-92, with a 2-1 win at Chicago.
  • (2014) Center for Health Security UPMC hosts nationally televised Ebola roundtable.

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You are invited to participate in WikiProject Pittsburgh, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about the City of Pittsburgh and the surrounding Western Pennsylvania area. Please see the Pittsburgh WikiProject page for more information. See yinz there!

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