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Pittsburgh (/ˈpɪtsbɜːrɡ/ PITS-burg) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2017, a population of 305,704 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U.S. The metropolitan population of 2,353,045 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania (behind Philadelphia), and the 26th-largest in the U.S.

Located at the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio rivers, Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges. The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginians, Whiskey Rebels, and Civil War raiders.

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~ Brendan Gill The New Yorker, 1989

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Rodef Shalom Temple

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Leaders of the G-20 countries present at the Pittsburgh Summit
The 2009 G-20 Pittsburgh Summit was the third meeting of the G-20 heads of state in discussion of financial markets and the world economy, which was held at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center in Pittsburgh on September 24–25, 2009. Announced shortly after the April 2009 G-20 London summit, U.S. President Barack Obama volunteered to host this summit, initially planning to hold it in New York City and coordinating it with the opening of the United Nations General Assembly. However, due to coordination issues, on May 28, 2009, the Obama Administration announced a change of venue to Pittsburgh in order to highlight the city's economic recovery following the collapse of its manufacturing sector in the latter half of the 20th century. In response to the Global credit crisis, a G20 summit in one year was proposed shortly after the London summit in April 2009.

Amongst the issues discussed was a proposal to radically reform the International Monetary Fund. French President Nicolas Sarkozy also suggested that there would be an evaluation of measures already taken.

The primary venue of the summit was the David L. Lawrence Convention Center, which was at one point the largest LEED certified building in the world. A working dinner for world leaders was held at the Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, chosen to highlight its environmentally friendly features including an earth-sheltered welcome center and a Tropical Forest Conservatory described as the world’s most energy efficient. Other venues to be used around the city include The Andy Warhol Museum, the Pittsburgh High School for the Creative and Performing Arts and Rosemont, the working farm of Teresa Heinz Kerry.

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Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie (properly pronounced /kɑrˈneɪɡi/ (kar-NAY-gee), but commonly, /ˈkɑrnɨɡi/ or /kɑrˈnɛɡi/) (25 November 1835 – 11 August 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, businessman, entrepreneur and a major philanthropist. He was one of the most famous leaders of industry of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

He earned most of his fortune in the steel industry. In the 1870s, he founded the Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, a step which cemented his name as one of the "Captains of Industry". By the 1890s, the company was the largest and most profitable industrial enterprise in the world. Carnegie sold it to J.P. Morgan in 1901, who created U.S. Steel. Carnegie devoted the remainder of his life to large-scale philanthropy, with special emphasis on local libraries, world peace, education and scientific research. He founded, among other institutions, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Mellon University and the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh.

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The Fountain at Bessemer Court in Station Square features a retired Bessemer converter
Station Square is a 52-acre (210,000 m2) indoor and outdoor shopping, dining and entertainment complex located in the South Shore neighborhood of Pittsburgh.

With 275,000 square feet (25,500 m2) of retail space, it features 65 stores, restaurants and entertainment venues, including The Ampthitheatre at Station Square and the 396-room Sheraton at Station Square. Being among one of Pittsburgh’s largest tourist destinations, it attracts more than three million people annually. It is also frequented by Pittsburgh natives because of its many shops, restaurants and live performances. The retail development was built at the location of a former station on the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad, with some of the original structures such as the freight house building and the elegant concourse being converted into restaurants and a shopping mall. Proximity to a stop on the Port Authority of Allegheny County 'T' Pittsburgh Light Railsystem, and the dock for the Gateway Clipper Fleet of local river cruise boats makes Station Square a major parking and jumping-off point for activities and events around the city. The property is operated by Forest City Enterprises.

In 1979, the Station Square complex was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the "Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad Complex."


Pittsburgh Penguins
The Pittsburgh Penguins are a professional ice hockey team based in Pittsburgh. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The franchise was founded in 1967 as one of the first expansion teams during the league's original expansion from six to twelve teams. The Penguins play in the NHL's newest arena, Consol Energy Center. They have won four conference titles and three Stanley Cup championships in their history, in 1990–91, 1991–92, and 2008–09. The franchise has produced ten hall of fame players, four hall of fame coaches (including the winningest coach in NHL history), as well as two members of the Pittsburgh hockey media. Long known for their offensive power, the Penguins have claimed scoring leaders in thirteen seasons and either the player-voted or media-voted MVP in seven seasons.



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