Portal:Pipe organ

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The Pipe organ Portal

Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by admitting air (wind) through a series of different sized pipes. This process is controlled through the use of keyboards. One of the oldest musical instruments—its origins can be traced back to the Greeks—the organ is capable of sustaining sound for as long as the key is depressed, in contrast to other keyboard instruments, such as the piano and harpsichord.

Pipe organs range in size from portable instruments with only a few dozen pipes to very large organs with tens of thousands of pipes, causing Mozart to describe it as the king of instruments. (more...)

Selected article

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The International Organ Festival (IOF) is a biennial music festival and organ competition held in St Albans, England since 1963. Originally held annually, it was changed to every two years in 1965 due to the complexity of organising the increasingly ambitious programme. The festival is run mainly by volunteers.

The festival was conceived by Peter Hurford to celebrate the building of the new organ in St Albans Cathedral by Harrison & Harrison. The main competitions are still conducted on this instrument, its eclectic style and modern electropneumatic action now complemented by another self-contained tracker action instrument which The International Organ Festival Society, the charity which runs the Festival, has had built for its own use and sited at St Saviour's Church, St Albans. This was built by Peter Collins in the style of, and in homage to, the early 18th century German organ builder Andreas Silbermann.

Selected picture

Spanish trompete stop
Credit: Kantor.JH

This Spanish trumpet reed stop is of a class mounted en chamade. These stops are mounted horizontally rather than vertically in the front of the organ case, projecting out into the church. As a result they will sound louder than other stops operating on the same wind pressure.

Did you know...

  • ... that the recently restored organ of St Botolph's Aldgate has been described as the oldest church organ in the United Kingdom. Although there are older pipes and cases, this is the oldest collection of pipes in their original positions on their original wind chests.
  • ...that the Kotzschmar Memorial Organ was the second-largest pipe organ in the United States when it was built in 1911, and that it is one of only two "municipal organs" remaining in the U.S. today?

Notable pipe organs

Selected biography

Virgil Keel Fox (May 3, 1912 – October 25, 1980) was a renowned organist, known especially for his flamboyant "Heavy Organ" concerts of the music of Bach. These events appealed to audiences in the 1970s who were more familiar with rock 'n' roll music, and were staged complete with light shows. His style, particularly his taste for fast tempos and flashy registrations, was often criticized for his unconventional interpretations of classical organ music. But on the album "Heavy Organ", in the introduction to the familiar Toccata and Fugue in D minor attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach, Fox summed up his approach to Bach and to music in general:

"There is current in our land (and several European countries) at this moment a kind of nitpicking worship of historic impotence. They say that Bach must not be interpreted and that he must have no emotion...Pure unadulterated rot!...He has all of this amazing spirit and imagine that you could put all the music on one side of the agenda with his great interpretation and great feeling and put the greatest man of all right up on top of a dusty shelf underneath some glass case in a museum and say that he must not be interpreted!

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Quotes

  • Oh! there is an organ playing in the street - a waltz too! I must leave off to listen. (Lord Byron)

Topics

Types of organ: Barrel organ · Calliope · Extension organ · Fairground organ · Mechanical organ · Orchestrion · Pipe organ · Symphonic organ · Theatre organ · Water organ ·

Components: Console · Couplers · Expression pedal · Manuals · Pedalboard · Pipes · Wind system ·

Organ stops:  Bourdon · Celeste · Diapason · En chamade · String stop · Gedackt · Vox Humana · Zimbelstern · (more...) ·

Organ builders: Aeolian-Skinner · Casavant Frères · Cavaillé–Coll · Peter Collins · Harrison & Harrison · Klais · Fratelli Ruffatti · Gottfried Silbermann · 'Father' Willis · (more...)

Organists: Johann Sebastian Bach · Edward Bairstow · Claus Bantzer · Adrian Batten · Jennifer Bate · E. Power Biggs · John Birch · Léon Boëllmann · Georg Böhm · David Briggs · Ernest Bullock · Dieterich Buxtehude · Stephen Cleobury · Pierre Cochereau · E. T. Cook · Carlo Curley · Marcel Dupré · Stephen Farr · Virgil Fox · César Franck · Jean Guillou · Naji Hakim · Herbert Howells · Peter Hurford · Francis Jackson · Piet Kee · Jean Langlais · Olivier Latry · Simon Lindley · Richard Marlow · T. Tertius Noble · Nigel Ogden · Walter Parratt · Simon Preston · Noel Rawsthorne · Barry Rose · David Sanger · Albert Schweitzer · John Scott · John Scott–Whiteley · Frederick Swan · Louis Thiry · Thomas Trotter · Gillian Weir · David Willcocks · Willian Lloyd Webber ·

Composers: Jehan Alain · Johann Sebastian Bach · Léon Boëllmann · Johannes Brahms · Dieterich Buxtehude · François Couperin · Marcel Dupré · Maurice Duruflé · César Franck · Eugène Gigout · Herbert Howells · Jean Langlais · Franz Liszt · Felix Mendelssohn · Olivier Messiaen · Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart · Johann Pachelbel · Max Reger · Camille Saint-Saëns · Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck · Louis Vierne · William Lloyd Webber · Charles–Marie Widor ·

Things you can do

  1. Get Pipe organ nearer to WP:FA status by adding references, and discuss moving some content to subpages (see also talk).
  2. Contribute to the clean up of organ pipe, flue pipe etc., see Mini-projects
  3. Find places to link to organ console
  4. Copy edit organ stop
  5. Create article about the various types of windchest
  6. Add {{organist-stub}} to biographical articles either instead of, or additional to the {{Keyboardist-stub}} that currently exists.
  7. Add Category:Electronic organ manufacturing companies to List of organ builders.

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